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生活污染
    The equivalent standard pollution loading rate was separately 27.94% 、 28.03% 、 38.91 %and 5.12%,which indicated that the chemical fertilizer pollution was the greastest agricultural non-point source pollution and chemical fertilizer pollution、 domestic living pollution、 animals' feces pollution were the key factors contraining the sustainable development of the agriculture and environment in Jiangsu province.
    等标污染负荷率分别为27.94%、28.03%、38.91%和5.12%,说明化肥污染源是江苏省最大的农业非点源污染源,化肥污染、生活污染、畜禽粪便污染是制约江苏省农业和环境可持续发展的三大关键污染源。
    (4)raising the efficiency of land use and the ability of controlling living pollution;
    (4)提高土地利用效率和生活污染治理能力 ;
    Research on Urban Living Pollution Problem in the Period of Social Transformation
    社会转型进程中的城市生活污染问题研究
    This paper studied the agricultural non-point source pollution which included the animals' feces pollution、 domestic living pollution、 chemical fertilizer pollution and fish breeding pond pollution.
    本论文以畜禽粪便污染、生活污染、化肥污染、精养鱼塘污染为研究对象,对江苏省十三市的农业非点源污染进行了分类调查,并采用等标污染负荷的评价方法对上述污染源进行了评价。
    The equivalentStandard pollution loading rates of different agricultural non-point source pollution in different regions were analysised by clustering analysis method,and the results indicated that Nanjing、 Wuxi、 Zhenjiang and Changzhou were polluted mainly by domestic living pollution;
    对各个市各非点源污染源的污染负荷率进行聚类分析,发现南京、无锡、镇江、常州以生活污染为主;
    Suzhou and Yangzhou were polluted corresponsively by animals' feces pollution 、 domestic living pollution、 chemical fertilizer pollution and fish breeding pond pollution.
    苏州、扬州两地畜禽粪便污染、生活污染、化肥污染和精养鱼塘污染均占一定的比例。
    The Equivalent Standard Pollution Loading Rate of livestock pollution, living pollution, fertilizer pollution and fishery pollution was separately 41.51%, 21.05%, 33.21% and 4.23%, and the main pollution sources were livestock pollution source, fertilizer pollution source and living pollution source.
    各类农业非点源污染源对水体污染的等标污染负荷比为:畜禽粪尿41.51%,生活污染21.05%,化肥污染33.21%,渔业污染4.23%,主要污染源是畜禽粪尿、化肥污染、生活污染污染源。 重庆主城区、长寿区、巴南区、渝北区、忠县、江津市的等标污染指数明显高于其他区县。
    the concentration of ralsed and the second pollution of Mn2+ emerged. For the sake of bettering water quality of this lake system,it is necessary to control industry pollution, living pollution, basin erosion and renovate the lake area svnthesizelly.
    研究表明:在缺氧季节,沉积物—水界面的有机质通过生物氧化作用的分解,加剧水体缺氧并诱发磷和S2-释放,相伴产生浓度增高和Mn2+的二次污染,为改善该湖水系统环境质量,应控制工业污染、生活污染和流域侵蚀,并综合整治湖区。
    The authors have researched into the nonpoint source pollution in Shanghai suburbs, and have made a water quality evaluation of pollution sources. The nonpoint pollution sources discharged annualy 167 269 t of COcr, 25 375 t of total nitrogen and 4 728 t of total phosphorus into water environment. The pollution by domestic animal and bird feces, the living pollution, the pesticide pollution and the chemical fertilizer pollution represent 4 important pollution problems of nonpoint sources in Shanghai suburbs.
    综合调查了上海市郊的非点源污染.并作了污染源的水质环境质量评价.非点污染源向水环境年排放CODcr167269t、总氮25375t、总磷4728t.畜禽粪尿、生活污染、农药和化肥污染是非点源污染的四个重要污染问题.显然,防治非点源污染是上海市环境保护工作的重要组成部分.
    Comprehensive assessment on water quality shows that the discharge outlets are mainly polluted by living pollution, and that the discharge meets the national standard.
    水质综合评价结果表明 ,乡镇排污口的主要污染是生活污染 ,污染物均达标排放。
    In addition,attentions should also be paid to nonpoint source pollution within the ambient area of Shanghai city, among which the domestic animal dejecta, living pollution, pesticide and fertilizer pollution are of importance.
    另外 ,上海周边地区非点源污染问题也日益突出 ,其中畜禽尿粪污染、生活污染以及农药和化肥污染在非点源污染中更为显著。
    The equivalent standard discharge amount indicated that the contribution of domestic animals manure, domestic living pollution and runoff to water pollution load is 43.81%, 29.91% and 22.43%, respectively, which are the key factors constraining the sustainable development of the agriculture and environment in Hang Jia Hu water net plain.
    结果表明 ,畜禽粪尿污染、乡镇生活污染和地表径流污染对水体污染的负荷贡献率分别为 4 3.81%、2 9.91%和 2 2 .4 3% ,是制约该区农业和环境可持续发展的三大关键污染因子
    (4) it is forecasted that living pollution and agriculture pollution will become more serious in the future.
    估计未来湘江的生活污染和农业污染还会加剧。
    To protect and improve water environment of citys along the Yangzi River,taking Zhengjiang as an examle,the actual state of water pollution was surveyed. It was concludid that water body of those citys existed typical interaction characteristic of water quality,hydrodynamic force and sediment under the circumstance that living pollution specific weight aggravated continuously. From pollution control,water flow and sediment three aspects,protection countermeasures of water environment were put forward finally.
    为保护和改善滨江城市水环境,以镇江为例调查了滨江城市水体污染的现状,认为滨江城市水在生活污染比重不断加重的情况下,存在着水质、水动力和泥沙交互作用的典型特征,提出要从控制污染、水量、泥沙3方面来保护水环境的对策建议。
 

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