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常量元素
    Preliminary Discussion on the Activity of Major Elements in Kujiertai Uranium Deposit, Ili Basin
    试论伊犁盆地库捷尔太铀矿床常量元素的活动性
    Modes of occurrence of major elements in coal and their study significance
    煤中常量元素的赋存特征与研究意义
    Major elements Al, K, Mg, Fe, Ti and minor elements Li, V, Sc, La, Z,n, Y, Cu, Ni are enriched in fine-grained sediments, the former are main components to form clay minerals and the latter are generally related to adsorption and integration of fine-grained materials.
    常量元素Al、K、Mg、Fe、Ti和微量元素Li、V、Sc、La、Zn、Y、Cu、Ni等主要富集在细粒沉积物中,前者是粘土矿物伊利石、绿泥石、高岭石和蒙皂石的构成元素,后者多与粘土矿物等细粒物质的吸附或者结合有关。
    The total abundance of 13 major elements represents 99.6% of the mass of the China’s continental crust,and only 0.4% is counted for by numerous minor elements.
    13种常量元素的丰度总和,占中国陆壳质量的99.6%,其余大量微量元素仅占0.4%。
    The regularities found by quantitative calculation are obvious enrichment characteristic for major elements (SiO\-2, K\-2O, FeO) and metallogenic elements (sulphophile elements: Au, Ag, As, Sb, Bi, Pb, Zn) little enrichment trends for transitional elements (Cr, Co, Ni, Cu) in the altered rocks of three gold deposits.
    通过蚀变岩常量元素、微量元素的定量计算发现 ,三个金矿床围岩蚀变过程中元素迁移、富集有明显的规律 ,即常量元素 (SiO2 、K2 O、FeO) ,亲硫元素 (成矿元素 :Au、Ag、As、Sb、Bi、Pb、Zn)明显富集 ,其它亲铜亲铁元素 (Cr、Co、Ni、Cu)略有富集。
    (4)metasomatism of major elements.
    ( 4 )常量元素的交代作用。
    The concentration order of the major elements is HCO-_3>Ca 2+>SO 2-_4>Na+>Cl->Mg 2+>K+, which is controlled by the weathering and erosion of carbonates.
    通过对常量元素的分析表明 ,罗纳河中常量阴阳离子的含量顺序为 HCO-3 >Ca2 +>SO2 -4 >Na+>Cl->Mg2 +>K+,流域内溶解态组份的含量主要受碳酸盐的溶蚀控制。
    Correlations among major elements and between major elements and gold indicated K 2O, Fe 2O 3 and Al 2O 3 were coexisting oxides in red clay.
    常量元素之间的相关性以及常量元素与金的相关性分析表明K2 O、Fe2 O3 、Al2 O3 在红色粘土中为共生元素 ;
    In major elements they are enriched in SiO_2,Na_2O and K_2O,and depleted in Fe_2O_3,FeO,MgO and CaO; and in trace elements they are enriched in lithophile elements,and depleted in siderophile elements and Nb,Ta,Ti etc.
    玄武粗安岩、粗面安山岩、英安岩及粗面岩的常量元素以富集SiO2 ,Na2 O ,K2 O和亏损Fe2 O3,FeO ,MgO ,CaO等为特征 ,微量元素以富集亲石元素和亏损铁族元素及Nb ,Ta为特征 ;
    The study on interstratified oxidized zone is usually focused on the behaviors of uranium and related elements, such as Se, Mo, V, Re and Ga, while the major elements including Si, Al, Na, K is not sufficient.
    传统的对控矿层间氧化带的研究往往偏重于铀及其相应的伴生元素 (Se、Mo、V、Re、Ga等 )的地球化学行为 ,而对常量元素中非变价元素如 :Si、Al、Na、K等研究还很不充分。
    Major elements, including Na, Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca , Ti, P, and Fe, are important inorganic compositions of coal. Meanwhile they are the controlling factors both for physical and chemical characteristics of coal and for coal procession and utilization.
    煤中常量元素(包括Na、Mg、Al、Si、K、Ca、Ti、P和Fe)是煤的重要无机组成,也是影响煤物理化学性质及加工利用的主要影响因素。
    Major elements of Tongde granulites are characteristiced with Al enrichment and trace elements are enriched in Ba,Sr,Ce,LREE and relatively depleted in Nb,Ta,Y,Yb,HREE.
    同德麻粒岩岩石地球化学的研究表明,常量元素中富A l,以及Ba、Sr、Ce、LREE的富集和Nb、Ta、Y、Yb、HREE亏损的微量元素分布特征,不具有板内玄武岩的地球化学性质,与活动大陆边缘构造环境有关。
    Based on the X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (XRF) analysis on Carboniferous coal occured in Beihuaiyang area,the northern foreland basin of Dabie Orogenic Belt,the major elements distribution characters and the effecting factors of high rank coals of different deformational-metamorphic types are discussed.
    通过对大别造山带前陆北淮阳地区石炭纪高煤级煤的X射线荧光光谱分析,探讨了不同变形-变质类型煤中常量元素的分布规律及其影响因素。
    Major elements show the characteristics with higher titanium(Ti=1.54~2.68). LREE/HREE ratio are varying range from 3.8 to 10.40.Different volcanic rocks are all enriched in LREE without obviously Eu anomaly(δEu=0.92~1.13). LILE are enriched in the basahs.
    玄武岩常量元素总体显示高Ti的特征,轻、重稀土元素分馏明显,含量比值(LREE/HREE)在3.8和8.35之间变化,不同岩石类型均具有LREE富集的特征,玄武岩和玄武安山岩Eu异常不明显(δEu=0.92~1.13);
    Nutrients, Aluminum and Major Elements in the Rhne River
    罗纳河中的铝、营养盐及常量元素的研究
    Based on systematic studies on geochemistry of major elements, trace elements, rare earth elements and stable isotopes as well as characteristics of ore-forming fluids, the following achievements have been obtained:1. The distribution characteristics of dispersed elements.
    本次工作系统研究了常量元素、微量元素、稀土元素、稳定同位素地球化学特征和成矿流体特征,主要取得以下成果:
    (2)Major elements can be divided into sensitive group、 active、 weak active and inert groups according to chemical metamorphosing parameter(PC) and fractional migration potential.
    2.根据化学蚀变参数PC值和分离迁移位等将常量元素组分分为敏感组分组、活动组分组、次活动组分组和惰性组分组,不同组分可分别用于讨论层间氧化带低温地球化学中不同问题;
    1. Primary systemic geochemical study of major elements, rare elements, isotope and fluid inclusion of Shamai tungsten deposit in northern china had been worked over for the first time, which accumulated data for more detailed research;
    1.首次对我国北方沙麦钨矿床及有关岩体开展了初步较系统的常量元素、微量元素、同位素和流体包裹体地球化学研究工作,积累了数据,为今后进一步的详细研究工作打下了基础;
    After analyzing variance coefficients and features of surface distribution for all elements,it finds that the abundance distribution of all major elements and rare earth elements from Changjiang Estuary and its adjacent sea area are more mean than others.
    对多元素进行变异系数和含量平面分布特征分析后,得出长江口及其邻近海域表层沉积物中的常量元素和稀土元素的分布相对较为均匀,受温度、盐度等环境因素的影响较小;
    Based on the geoch- emical characteristics of ore-occurring strata,major elements within the gold-bearing quartz vein,minor elements,rare earth elements,isotopes and mineral inclusions,the authors have researched into the minerogenic substance source of the gold deposit,and indicate that the gold mainly derives from Dabie Group of Lower Proterozoic Erathem and the minerogenic solution is dominant of regional metamorphic water combined with syngenetic water.
    本文通过对赋矿地层、含金石英脉常量元素、微量元素、稀土元素以及同位素和矿物包裹体地球化学特征的研究,对白云金矿床成矿物质来源作了探讨。 研究结果表明:金主要来自下元古界大别群,成矿溶液以区域变质水为主,并有同生水的混入。
 

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