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乡村
    The history and current distribution of China’s urban and rural population and the prdiction of its future trend
    中国人口城镇、乡村分布现状及未来趋势预测
    The relationship between good birth and good care andthe family planning in the rural areas in China
    优生优育与我国乡村计划生育
    Influences of Rural Culture on Fertility Psychology:A Case Study of Shangmiao Village
    乡村文化对生育心理的影响──河北省丰宁县上庙村的调查分析
    The Sociology Interpretation of Favoring Males of Fertility in Rural Area
    乡村生育中男性偏好的社会学解释
    In the last half century, the population of Inner Mongolia and the rural of pastoral area have increased by less than 4 times and almost 8 times separately.
    建国以来的半个多世纪期间,内蒙古总人口增长幅度小于4倍,而牧区乡村人口约增长8倍;
    4 With the greater economic development in the rural regional of our country,, thetransition of the bearing idea seems not to catch up with the step of economicdevelopment yet. In fact , the rural high sex ratios at birth is the reflection ofcontradiction between the strong male partiality current and strict child-bearing policy,and the external embodiment of people's pursuing bearing boys, with the aids of themedical means.
    4、我国农村地区经济已经有了较大的发展,但是生育观念的转变似乎还没有跟上经济发展的脚步,在乡村突出表现在,高的出生性别比是强烈的男性偏好与现行严格的生育政策相矛盾,转而借助于医疗手段,来追求生育男孩目的的外在体现。
    2,The natives of towns area less migratory than,those of rural areas in the proccess of unbanization.
    2,在城市化过程中,乡村迁往城市是主要迁移方向;
    A great difference between them is that the urbanization of population emphasizes the migration of population from rural area to towns and cities while the urbanization of contryside stresses on the transformation of identity of people from farmer to city residents on the spot.
    它们之间的最大区别,是人口城镇化必然要求较大规模的人口乡→城异地迁移,农村工业化和乡村城镇化更强调人口的就地转化。
    All people is divide by migrant and non migrant in census, we can get the migration data not only between the area but also between the urban and rural from "birth place" data.
    在人口调查中 ,所有的人都可被分成迁移者和非迁移者 ,利用“出生地”资料 ,不仅可以获得地区之间的人口迁移数据 ,而且可以获得城市与乡村之间的人口迁移信息。
    The people who live in the countryside are all controlled by rural culture in the process inwhich“the natural individusl” becomes a“social person”.
    生活在乡村文化中的人们,在由“自然人”生长成为“社会人”的社会化过程之中自始至终受控于乡村文化。
    But the interlocal difference still exists, the research showed that the culture quality in east surpass in middle and west area, educated degree in urban surpass in rural.
    结果 :内蒙古人口受教育程度显著提高 ,文盲率平稳下降 ,但仍存在着地区差异 ,表现为东部地区的文化素质优于中、西部 ,城市受教育程度普遍优于乡村和牧区。
    When floating population migrate from rural to urban areas, they enter a completely new environment with various kinds of difficulties and problems.
    流动人口由乡村集中到城市 ,进入一个完全陌生的环境 ,要面临各种各样的问题和困难。
    As a process of the rural-to-urban transition of both population and regions,urbanization is bound to have various differential effects on urban and rural areas.
    城市化作为人口和地域的乡 -城转化过程 ,必然会对城市和乡村两个方面产生各种差别效应。
    Korea′s experience can be of use to us. Since the 1960s,many people moved from rural areas to urban areas in Korea,and suburbanization appeared in the 1970s.
    韩国在1960年代开始大量的乡村人口迁移到城市地区,进入1970年代,出现了郊区化现象。
    Nowadays the study on rural policy is mainly carried about at the angle of the document and local situation.
    当前学界对农村政策的研究是从多个维度展开的,如农村政策文本、县乡村关系与体制以及村庄社会性质等,但大多数研究倾向于对农村政策文本进行多视角的解读。
    This paper has established a two-dimensioned analyzing model on the practice of rural policy by means of country relation and village character. Due to the features of villages,policies by central govern-ment are implemented with bias in different areas.
    本文从县乡村关系和村庄社会性质两个维度对转型期农村政策的实施机制进行了探索,认识到中央政策之所以在全国不同地区有不同的实施结果,其主要原因在于不同区域村庄社会性质的不同,并把这一维度放在县乡村关系的框架中加以认识,从而从社会基础和体制约束两个维度揭示了转型期农村政策的实施机制。
    Implementation mechanism of rural policy in transition period is further studied.
    以此为切入点,对县乡村三级组织运作的真实图景和转型期村庄社会性质展开研究,可为农村政策的制定和执行提供理论基础。
    Further analysis shows that there exists a problem of distortion of statistical data concerning enumeration of rural area population and non-rural area population.
    对前者其办法不外乎以下五种:一是取消农业人口与非农业人口的划分,而代之以乡村人口与城镇人口; 二是继续让原有的农业人口与非农业人口资料滥竽充数;
 

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