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鹿角状结石
    Methods From February 2002 to April 2006,56 patients with renal staghorn calculi(21 cases with complete staghorn calculi and 35 cases with partial staghorn calcu- li)were treated by multi-tract MPCNL.
    方法2002年2月至2006年4月,采用MPCNL治疗鹿角状结石患者56例。 其中全鹿角状结石21例,部分鹿角状结石35例。
    Other 5 cases of complete staghorn calculi were treated by ESWL due to residual stones(diameter<1.0 cm) after two months of operation,then the residual stones were discharged completely.
    5例完全性鹿角状结石者术后2个月仍有结石残留,结石直径均小于1.0cm,辅助施行ESWL后排净。
    Treatment of staghorn calculi with pneumatic lithotripsy in operation (Report of 30 cases)
    气压弹道碎石术治疗肾鹿角状结石30例
    Treatment of 34 patients with staghorn calculi by pyelolithotomy supplement with PL and fiberendoscope
    肾盂切开联合PL及纤维内镜下取石治疗肾鹿角状结石34例
    Method:32 patients with staghorn calculi were treated with URL and then ESWL.
    方法 :对 32例肾鹿角状结石先行 URL加留置双 J管 ,然后行 ESWL治疗。
    Of these 36 cases, 28 male and 8 female, mean diameter of calculi is (2.7) cm (range (1.5)~(6.0) cm), huge staghorn calculi in 12 cases.
    结石直径1.5~6.0 cm,平均2.7 cm,其中巨大鹿角状结石12例。
    Layered renal parenchyma and pelvis incisions to remove complex staghorn calculi
    肾实质肾盂分层切口治疗复杂性肾鹿角状结石
    URL combined with ESWL for staghorn calculi
    肾输尿管镜联合体外冲击波碎石治疗肾鹿角状结石
    Treatment for staghorn calculi by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in children
    体外冲击波碎石术治疗小儿鹿角状结石
    Treatment of Single Functional Kidney with Staghorn Calculi by Anatrophic Nephrolithotomy
    无萎缩性肾切开取石术治疗单功能肾鹿角状结石
    Clinical Study of Combined Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy and Open Surgery for Complete Staghorn Calculi
    ESWL联合开放手术治疗肾脏完全性鹿角状结石
    Multi-tract minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy in a single session for staghorn calculi
    一期多通道微创经皮肾穿刺取石术治疗鹿角状结石
    Methods: Layered renal parenchyma and pelvis incisions were used to remove stones in 24 patients with renal staghorn calculi and complex calculi.
    方法 :采用肾实质肾盂分层切口治疗复杂性肾鹿角状结石 2 4例。
    Method:A total of 16 patients,which have gaint staghorn calculi or/and multiple calculi in upper,middle and lower calyxes,were treated by incision of renal posterior lip and pyelolithotomy.
    方法 :对 16例巨大鹿角状结石或并发上、中、下盏多发结石患者 ,采用肾盂、肾后唇切开取石术。
    Methods From March 1997 to March 2002, 8 children with a mean age of 7.8 years (18 months~14 years) were treated for complete (3) and partial (5) staghorn calculi using Donier Compact S Lithotriptor. Three of them were injected with intramuscular ketamine anesthesia. Ureteral catheterization was not required during the progress.
    方法 从 1997年 3月至 2 0 0 2年 3月 ,共收治 8例小儿鹿角状结石患儿 ,年龄 1.5~ 14岁 ,平均 7.8岁 ,结石直径均大于 2 0mm ,完全鹿角状结石 3例 ,部分鹿角状结石 5例 ,DonierCompactS碎石机治疗。
    Simutaneously, staghorn calculi in 60, bilateral renal calculi in 40, solitary kidney in 9, and 23 cases had ever received open nephrolithotomy.
    其中鹿角状结石 6 0例 ,双侧肾结石 4 0例 ,孤立肾并肾结石 9例 ,有开放手术史 2 3例。
    Simutaneously, staghorn calculi in 3, bilateral renal calculi in 2, solitary kidney calculi in 1, and 2 cases had ever received open nephrolithotomy.
    其中鹿角状结石3例,双肾结石2例,孤立肾并肾结石1例,有开放手术史2例。
    Conclusions For the advantage of less bleeding,higher clearance rate,and shorter hospital stay time,multi-tract MPCNL in a single session approach could be an effective and feasible treatment option for staghorn calculi in selected cases.
    结论一期多通道MPC- NL治疗鹿角状结石,创伤小、并发症少、恢复快、结石清除率高,可以选择性地作为鹿角状结石患者的治疗方案。
    Methods:The present study includes 48 cases of patients with complicated renal calculi who received percutaneous nephrolithotomy that had been preformed with ultrasonic and pneumatic lithotriptor (EMS III,Switzerland). Of these 48 cases,complete staghorn calculi were noted in 12 cases, partial staghorn calculi in 30 cases, multiple calculi in 6 cases.
    方法:采用经皮肾镜联合EMSIII代超声弹道碎石清石系统治疗48例复杂性肾结石患者,完全性鹿角状结石12例,部分鹿角状结石30例,多发性结石6例。
 

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