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    g-1,the degree of circumfluence was two,and the every time of extraction was 1h was optimal.
    g-1,回流数为2,回流时间为每1 h的条件下,提取效果最好。
    The optimal conditions of pilot-plant process by IPA extraction were:75℃ extraction temperature,3 h extraction time,3 extraction times,and moisture contents of oilseeds 11.02%. Under the optimal conditions the residual oil of meal was 1.06%.
    结合实际生产要求得到异丙醇浸出工艺条件为:浸出温度75℃,浸出时间3 h,浸出数3,原料水分含量11.02%,此时粕中残油率为1.06%。
    two times bleaching technology,the first time in the conditions of dosage of bleaching earth 4%,time 30 min and temperature 90 ℃,the second time 3% bleaching earth,temperature 85℃,the vacuum 0.1 MPa,time 15 min;
    采用二脱色工艺,第1活性白土加量4%,脱色时间30 m in,脱色温度90℃; 第2活性白土加量3%,脱色时间15 m in,温度85℃,真空度0.1 MPa;
    The optimum conditions were φ(ethanol)=50% ethanol solution as extractant,ratio of materials 1∶13,extraction temperature 70 ℃ and extraction time 4.0 h. The extraction yield of resveratrol could reach 0.34%.
    通过单因素实验和正交实验确定了最佳提取条件:体积分数50%的乙醇为提取剂,提取温度70℃,m(葡萄穗轴)∶m(乙醇)=1∶13,提取时间4.0 h,白藜芦醇一提取率达0.34%。
    The optimized condition of rapid agitation extraction of neem oil was:petroleum ether solvent,components ratio 1 ∶2.5(g ∶mL),extraction time 7 min every time,for 3 times. The oil yield was 30.4 %.
    由此得出,快速搅拌法浸提印楝油的最佳条件是:溶剂石油醚、料液比1∶2.5(g∶mL,下同)、时间每7min、浸提3,出油率30.4%;
    The optimized condition of rapid agitation extracion of azadirachtin was:methanol solvent,components ratio 1 ∶3(g ∶mL),extraction time 7 min every time,for 3 times. The yields of azadirachtin A and azadirachtin B were 0.438 % and 0.142 %,respectively.
    快速搅拌法浸提印楝素的最佳条件是:溶剂为甲醇、料液比1∶3、时间每7min、浸提3,印楝素A的得率为0.438%,印楝素B的得率为0.142%。
    The results show that the best extraction conditions for common distillation are as the following: extraction temperature is 70℃,extraction time is twice,the granularity of burdock dust is 60 units,and the solid-liquid ratio is 1∶30.
    研究结果表明普通蒸馏法最佳提取条件为提取温度70℃,提取数2,牛蒡粉60目,料液比1∶30.
    The predicted DPR of 98.64% was obtained with miture of chloroform,butanol and dialysis solutions at the ratio of 34:12:54.Based on DPR model equation,the maximum predicted DPR of 96.99% was reached with the deproteinized times as 8,holding time as 23.85 min and deproteinized temperature as 14.27℃.
    在氯仿、正丁醇和透析液分别为34%、12%和54%的配比条件下,脱蛋白率预测值为98.64%。 通过对脱蛋白率模型方程求解可知,脱蛋白数、每脱蛋白时间以及脱蛋白温度分别为8、23.85min和14.27℃时,脱蛋白率最大可达96.99%。
    The PUFA was purified by urea inclusion and the best purification conditions were: the rate of urea-ethanol saturation solution to fatty acid ethyl ester 15:1,mixing round time 3h,in-clusion time 1.The result showed that high purified PUFA was made from turtle oil by interesterification and urea inclusion.
    采用尿素包合法纯化多不饱和脂肪酸,考察尿素用量、搅拌时间、包合数对尿素包合率的影响,通过正交实验确定最佳纯化条件:尿素/乙醇饱和溶液:脂肪酸乙酯=15:1,搅拌时间3h,包合数1。 实验结果表明,应用乙酯化法与尿素包合法可从甲鱼油中制得高纯度的多不饱和脂肪酸。
    The combining mechanism of collagen and cellulose was deeply studied by ATM,X-ray diffraction,IR,SEM,DSC and TG for the first time.
    首利用X-射线衍射、AFM、SEM、IR、DSC和TG对纤维素与胶原蛋白的结合机理进行了深入研究。
    Under the condition of using anhydrous acetone, Soya wet gum (g) : solvent Soya (ml) is 30 = 250, temperature is 12C and extraction time is 2 min, lecithin can be made into granule Soya lecithin, which acetone insoluble can reach 98.5%.
    在12℃,洗涤5,膏状磷脂(g):溶剂(ml)=30:250,萃取2min可得纯度为98.5%的粉状磷脂。
    In order to study the factors that might influence the lifetime of the solar cells, the electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) was utilized for first time to detect the relative stability of the ligands and the dyes by alternating different in-source CID (in-source Collision Induced Dissociation) fragmentations to dissociate the coordinated ligands.
    为了寻找可能影响电池使用寿命的因素,本文首利用电喷雾质谱(ESI-MS),通过改变源内CID(in-source Collision Induced Dissociation)电压,使配体在碰撞诱导解离能量的作用下发生离解,对两类光敏染料中配位键的相对强弱和染料的稳定性进行了探索。
    In the decolorizing process, the decolorize chalk was added two times too, with first 4%, second 3%, the temperature first 90, second 85, time first 30min, second 15 min.
    脱色采用二脱色工艺,活性脱色白土(11号)加量第一4%,脱色时间30njn,脱色温度90℃,第二加量弧,脱色时间15min,温度85’C,真空度0.IMpa。
    4 The parameters in supercritical CC>2 extraction and separation were studied. Revolving, orthogonal and tropical design of the second power of three factors was adopted to choose the optimum technological conditions of supercritical CO2 extraction which were extraction temperature of 40 癈, pressure of 26MPa and time of 114min.
    4.研究超临界CO_2萃取和分离过程的试验参数,结果表明:采用三因素二旋转回归试验设计确定超临界CO_2萃取富集EPA和DHA的最佳工艺条件为:萃取温度(T)48℃、压力(P)26MPa、时间(t)114min;
    The solution was concentrated at 45℃,and the added alcohol, concentrated at 40℃,repeated several time.
    将得到的D-核糖溶液浓缩,采用了45℃作为浓缩D-核糖水溶液的温度,最大浓缩至40g/100mL,40℃作为加无水乙醇进行二浓缩时的温度。
    The main results showed:1. The optimal parameters of solvent extraction from mulberry residue were as following: solvent is 80% ethanol with 0.01% HCl, material/solvent ratio 1:20, extracting 1.0 h at 20℃, for one time. The extracting rate reached 93.07%.
    1.溶剂浸提桑椹红色素的最佳工艺参数为含0.01%HCI的80%乙醇溶液为提取剂,提取时间1.0h,提取温度20℃,料液比1:20,一提取,色素的提取率为93.07%。
    3. The optimal parameters by ultrasonic extraction were as following: solvent is 60% ethanol with 0.01% HCl, ultrasonic power 200W, extracting lOmin, material/solvent ratio 1:15, for one time. The extracting rate reached 97.76%.
    3.超声波提取桑椹红色素的最佳工艺参数为含0.01%HCI的60%乙醇溶液为提取剂,提取功率200W,超声时间10min,料液比1:15,一提取,色素的提取率为97.76%。
    By orthogonal design, the optimal condition of is: the temperature is 85 ℃, the ethanol concentration is 75%, liquid to solid radio is 10, extraction time lh, extracted 3 times, the yields of ursolic acid were 6.182mg/g;
    提取熊果酸的最佳有机溶剂为乙醇,乙醇正交提取熊果酸的最优条件为:提取温度85℃,用75%的乙醇,液固比为10,提取31h,得率为6.182mg/g;
    By uniform design, the optimal condition of is: the temperature is 85 ℃, the ethanol concentration is 75%, liquid to solid radio is 7, extraction time lh, extracted 2 times, the yields of ursolic acid were 6.154mg/g.
    采用均匀设计得到的熊果酸最优提取工艺为:提取温度85℃,用75%的乙醇,液固比7,回流提取2,每1h,得率为6.154mg/g;
    The optimum process was as follow: pretreat with 0.1%H2SO4, time 2h, ratio of solid to liquid 1:20, temperature 70 ℃, adjust pH to 5, add twice volume 95% alcohol, precipitated for 1hour, NaOH concentration 10%.
    实验表明,粉碎后的玉米芯经0.1%硫酸预处理后,使用10%浓度的氢氧化钠按照固液比1:20进行浸提,碱提温度为70℃,碱提时间2小时,碱提1后将碱提液中和并调节pH值至5,用2倍体积的95%乙醇进行醇沉1小时,所得制得的木聚糖提取率最高。
 

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