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气管造口
    The heart rate(HR),mean arterial pressure(MAP),oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry(SPO2),time for tracheostomy,and postoperative complications were recorded at the time before operation(T1),during tracheostomy(T2),1 min(T3),3 min(T4),and 5 min(T5) after tracheostomy,respectively.
    比较气管造口前(T1)、气管造口即刻(T2)、气管造口后1 min(T3)、3 min(T4)、5 min(T5)时心率(heart rate,HR)、平均动脉压(mean arterial pressure,MAP)和脉搏血氧饱和度(saturation pulse oxygen,SPO2),以及气管造口完成时间和术后并发症。
    Nursing care for patients with Ni-Ti alloy stent implantation in tracheostomy
    气管造口镍钛合金支架埋植术的护理
    Methods 128 critically ill patients scheduled for tracheotomy were randomly divided into two groups: percutanous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) group (group A, n = 65) and tracheotomy group (group B, n = 63).
    方法 将128例需气管切开的危重患者随机分为两组,即经皮扩张气管造口组(A组,n=65)和气管切开组门组,n= 63)。
    “X” Shape Tracheostomy Following Total Laryngectomy
    全喉切除“X”型气管造口成形术
    Application of new type tracheostomy in laryngeal carcinoma and hypopharyngeal carcinoma
    气管造口成形术在喉癌、喉咽癌中的临床应用
    Objective To establish a tracheostomy model with no stricture and “bowl shaped” collapse.
    目的探讨喉全切除术后建造不狭窄的气管造口同时防止造口处“碗状”塌陷形成的术式。
    Objective:To investigate practicability and characteristics of improved percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy(IPDT) and conventional percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy(PDT).
    目的 :观察改良式经皮扩张气管造口术 (IPDT)与经皮扩张气管造口术 (PDT)在危重患者气管造口时的实用性及特点。
    Objective To introduce a new surgical technique in tracheostomy following total laryngectomy.
    目的 介绍一种新的全喉切除气管造口成形术。
    Conclusion The “X” shape tracheostomy following total laryngectomy can sufficiently avoid tracheostomal stenosis(TSS).
    结论 “X”型气管造口成形完全能避免造口狭窄的发生。
    6cases received tracheal intubation and3cases received tracheostomy(1case received tracheostomy after tracheal intubation).
    气管切开造口3例(其中1例先行气管插管,后又行气管造口),占机械通气病例的9.38%,占重症病例的2.29%。
    3cases of tracheostomy all died.
    气管造口3例,均死亡。
    Twenty four cases were performed with stent placement in the first stage of tracheostomy and the other 1 case in the second stage.
    【结果】Ⅰ期气管造口成形放置支架24例,Ⅱ期放置支架1例;
    [Conclusion]Application of circular nickel titanium alloy stent in tracheostomy, which exerts a supporting effect of cricoid cartilage, can effectively prevent the tracheostomal stenosis after total laryngectomy.
    【结论】环形镍钛合金支架在气管造口成形中起到了环状软骨样的支撑作用,有效地防止全喉切除术后气管造口狭窄的发生。
    Objective: Evaluation of percutaneous tracheostomy (PT) with surgical tracheostomy (ST).
    目的:探讨经皮穿刺气管造口术(PT)和常规气管切开术(ST)2种气管造口方法的临床效果。
 

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