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热带非洲
    ON HISTORICAL STATUS AND ROLE OF THE NATIONAL BOURGEOISIE IN TROPICAL AFRICA
    略论热带非洲民族资产阶级的历史地位与作用
    Meliaceae is a pantropical family comprising about 51 genera and 550-600 species mainly distributed in tropical Old World. Tropical Asia and Tropical Africa are the two present distribution centres of the family.
    楝科为泛热带分布科,全世界有51属,约550—600种,分布于旧世界热带地区有46属,热带美洲有8属.热带亚洲和热带非洲为楝科两大现代分布中心.中国楝科共15属,61种,占世界属总数的29%,种总数的10%。
    3.Tropical Asia and Tropical Australasia(2 genera),4.Tropical Asia to Tropical Africa(1 genus);
    3,热带亚洲至热带大洋洲分布(2属); 4.热带亚洲至热带非洲分布(1属);
    (3) Tropical Asia with 26 genera, including 5 subtypes, (4) Tropical Africa with 13 genera, including 5 Subtypes;
    (3)热带亚洲分布型,含5个亚型和26属; (4)热带非洲分布型合5个亚型和13属;
    There are 12 genera,26 species and 1 variety of the flora Bamboo in ShuangJiang County,1 genus is pantropical distribution,2 genera are tropical Asia to tropical Africa distribution,4 genera is tropical Asia distribution. There are 3 genera in east Asia and 2 genera are endemic to China.
    双江县拥有竹类12属26种1变型,泛热带分布1属,热带亚洲至热带非洲分布2属,热带亚洲分布4属,东亚分布3属,中国特有分布2属.
    In the floristic composition, 16 species belong to Sine-Japan component, 21 species are endemic species of China, 5 species belong to temperate Asia component, 4 species belong to Europe-Asia component, 3 species belong to north temperate zone component, 3 species belong to tropical Asia component. Tropical Asia and tropical Africa, east Asia-north America, west Asiaeast Asia component and Sine-Himalayan component comprise 1 species respectively.
    在区系成分中,中国-日本成分16种,中国特有种21种,温带亚洲成分5种,欧亚成分4种,北温带成分3种,热带亚洲成分3种,热带亚洲和热带非洲成分1种,东亚-北美成分1种,西亚至东亚成分1种,中国-喜马拉雅成分1种。
    The primary center of the distribution and differentiation of the family ispossibly tropical Asia(esp.the Yun-Gui plateau and Hengduan Mountain region). Tropi-cal America and tropical Africa may be two secondary centers of distribution and differentia-tion.
    热带亚洲(尤其云贵高原-横断山一带)很可能是该科的原始分布与分化中心,热带美洲及热带非洲则可能是2个次生分布与分化中心。
    (2)Some floristic ele ments of the semi savanna and maquis like scrub in this area are similar to the Tropical Africa,Tropical Asia and Mediterranea region in their corresponding vegetations;
    (2)本地区一些半稀树草原和马基状灌丛的区系成分类似于热带非洲、热带亚洲和地中海地区相同植被的成分;
    Balsamiflua ,with about 3 species,disjunctively disperses in tropical Africa,Tethyan region and Mexico.
    胡杨属约3种,间断分布于热带非洲、古地中海地区和墨西哥;
    Cosmopolitan element(60%),Pantropical element (18.3%),Tropical Asia & Tropical Africa element (1.7%) and North Temperate element (20%). Cosmopolitan elements are the main characteristics in Hainan province.
    从属的区系地理成分上可分为广布成分 (6 0 %)、泛热带成分 (18 3%)、热带亚洲—热带非洲成分 (1 7%)和北温带成分 (2 0 %) ,其中以广布成分为主。
    The global land rainfall of June August represents a main feature of the negative trend variation,The regions with significant reduction of rainfall include tropical Africa,north of Huaihe River of China,the eastern,central and western Siberian of Russia,North Korea and the South Asian.
    全球陆地 6— 8月降水量以负趋势为主要特征 ,降水量明显减少的区域是 :热带非洲 ,中国的淮河以北 ,俄罗斯的东部 ,中、西西伯利亚 ,朝鲜 ,南亚等 8个区域 ;
    and (4) whole understanding or view of the partitioning of gross rainfall in tropical America,tropical Asia and tropical Africa.
    (4)对热带美洲、热带亚洲和热带非洲森林林冠降水再分配的全景式了解和认识
    The Chinese endemic composition takes the second place, which takes 25%. The East Asia composition takes 20%. The composition of the world distribution, the distribution from the tropical Asia to the tropical Africa and the disconnected distribution of the East Asia and the north America takes 5% respectively.
    麦积山风景名胜区有珍稀濒危保护植物19种,区系特点是以北温带成分为主,占该景区珍稀濒危植物总种数的40%,中国特有成分次之,占25%,东亚成分占20%,世界分布、热带亚洲至热带非洲分布、东亚和北美洲间断分布的成分各占5%。
    The results show that:1) the introduced plants primarily adapt to the environment at XTBG. However,the plants from different climate regions show different adaptability. The adaptability order is:tropical Asia>northern edge of tropical Asia and subtropical area, tropical Africa>tropical Australia>tropical America.
    结果表明1)引种植物基本适应植物园的环境,但是不同气候区来源的植物适应性表现不同,不同地区来源植物适应性顺序为热带亚洲植物>亚热带和热带北缘植物/热带非洲植物>热带澳洲植物>热带美洲植物;
    There were 7 areal types(Eastern Asia and North America,Endemic to China,Tropical Asia and Tropical Africa,Eastern Asia,Cosmopolitan,Tropical Asia,North Temperate),among which Eastern Asia was dominant.
    区系分布类型有7种(东亚和北美分布、中国特有分布、热带亚洲和热带非洲分布、东亚分布、世界分布、热带亚洲分布及北温带分布),以东亚分布为主。
    From the geographical elements,it is grouped into:Cosmopolitan element(46.1%),Pantropical element(6.1%),Tropical Asia&Tropical Africa element(0.7%) and North Temperate element(13.0%).
    (2)泛热带成分(6.1%); (3)热带亚洲-热带非洲成分(0.7%);
 

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