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输尿管肿瘤
    The diagnosis and treatment of ureteral neoplasms with endoscopy (report of 7 cases)
    内窥镜诊断及治疗输尿管肿瘤7例
    Methods SCTU was performed in 46 patients with urological diseases including renal neoplasms (2), paropelvic cysts (2), ureteral calculi (6), ureteral stenosis (4), ureteral neoplasms (2), double kidneys and ureter malformation (1), bladder neoplasms (28) and bladder endometrosis (1).
    方法 应用螺旋CT对 4 6例泌尿系疾病患者 (包括肾肿瘤 2例 ,肾盂旁囊肿 2例 ,输尿管结石 6例 ,输尿管狭窄 4例 ,输尿管肿瘤 2例 ,重复肾重复输尿管畸形 1例 ,膀胱肿瘤 2 8例 ,膀胱子宫内膜异位症 1例 )行容积扫描 ,所得数据在工作站利用软件进行后处理 ,获得泌尿系立体图像 ;
    Results 27 cases of ureteral neoplasms, 12 casesof ureteritis, 10 of ureteral tuberculosis, 90 of ureteral stones, 3 of ureteral polyps, 3 of retroperitonium fibrosis and 12 cases ofretroperitonium or pelvic neoplasms involving ureter were included.
    结果包括输尿管肿瘤27例,输尿管炎症12例,输尿管结核10例,输尿管结石90例,输尿管息肉3例,腹膜后纤维化3例及腹膜后或盆腔肿瘤累及输尿管12例。
    A retrospective analysis of 21 cases of ureteral carcinoma,encountered between 1981 and 1997 was presented,It was suggested that patient over forty who had an attack of hematuria and unilateral hydronephrosis with or without renal colic and irritative symptom of the bladder be paid attention to ureteral neoplasms.
    为了提高原发性输尿管恶性肿瘤的诊断水平,分析1981年—1997年收治的21例原发性输尿管肿瘤
    Methods From Oct. 2000 to Nov. 2002, seven patients who were suspected of suffering from ureteral neoplasms were examined and treated with endoscopy, and then double J stent was retained in the ureter of each patient for 4~6 weeks for drainage. The patients who were confirmed pathologically to suffer from ureteral cancer would accept the intravesical instillation therapy.
    方法 对 2 0 0 0年 10月至 2 0 0 2年 11月收治的 7例输尿管肿瘤采用内窥镜诊断及治疗 ,术后输尿管内留置双J管引流 4~ 6周 ,5例输尿管癌配合膀胱灌注化疗。
    Conclusion Endoscopy can be used to make final diagnosis for uretreral neoplasms because it has the advantages of little trauma and rapid recovery, and it is a safe and efficient method for the treatment of ureteral neoplasms.
    结论 内窥镜能够明确输尿管肿瘤诊断 ,对良性肿瘤、早期及不适宜开放手术的输尿管癌治疗具有创伤小、恢复快等优点 ,是一项安全、有效的腔内新技术
 

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