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  interstitial
     A&A significantly ameliorated deterioration of renal function, tubulo interstitial damage index and inhibited the over expressions of α SMA, TGF β 1, FN and LN in UUO rats.
     结果 :UUO组的肾小管间质损伤指数及α SMA、TGF β1 、FN和LN的表达明显高于Sham组 ,肾小管间质损伤指数与肾间质的α SMA、TGF β1 、FN和LN的表达均呈正相关关系。
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     Myocardial interstitial granulocyte colony-stimulating factor(G-CSF) levels during ischemia and reperfusion period were determined also.
     另外还测定了心肌缺血及再灌注期间心肌间质的granulocyte colony-stimulating factor(G-CSF)水平。
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     However the volume density of interstitial tissue was negatively dose-dependent(P<0 01).
     间质的体积密度则随着剂量的增大而明显增大(P<0.01);
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     However, the volume density of interstitial tissue was positively dose dependent (P<0 01).
     间质的体积密度则随着剂量的增大而明显增大(P<001);
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     Conclusion: Huayu Jiedu Tang could inhibit the proliferation and accumulation of ECM in renal interstice and prevent renal interstitial fibrosis by down regulating TFG β 1 mRNA and up regulating MMP 1 mRNA expression.
     结论 :化瘀解毒汤通过下调TGFβ1mRNA表达、上调MMP1mRNA表达 ,以抑制肾间质ECM的增生和积聚 ,防止肾间质的纤维化。
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  “间质的”译为未确定词的双语例句
     the scores of tubulointerstitial pathological lesion were4.13±0.99in SSNS group,6.90±1.55in SDRS group and11.10±2.94in SRNS group,respectively(P<0.01).
     SSNS、SDNS、SRNS3组肾小管间质的病理损害分数分别为4.13±0.99,6.90±1.55,11.10±2.94(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     The total positive rates of S100A4 protein in tumor-stroma was observed in 67.3%.
     S100A4蛋白在肺癌间质的总阳性率为67.3%。
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     Ratio of P/T in glomeruli and tubulointerstitium correlated with the chronicity index, r=0.498 3(P=0.013 2),r=0.839 9(P< 0.001 ),r=0.661 4(P=0.003 3) ,respectively.
     肾小球及小管间质的P/T值均与肾组织病变慢性化指数相关 ,为r =0 .4983(P =0 .0 13 2 ) ,r =0 .8399(P <0 .0 0 1) ,r =0 .6 6 14(P =0 .0 0 3 3) ;
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     The increased expression of tubulointerstitial defensin α 1-3 was significantly correlated with TIAI (r=0.767, P<0.01).
     Ⅳ型LN组的肾间质的defensin琢1-3的表达与其TIAI之间呈正性线性相关(r=0.767,P<0.01)。
短句来源
     In CCR5 positive esophageal SCC, the expression of CCR5 on mononuclear lymphocytes in the stroma was lower than that in chronic inflammation tissue ( P <0.05).
     在 CCR5表达阳性的食管 SCC中 ,癌间质的单核淋巴细胞 CCR5阳性表达率分别低于癌旁炎症的单核淋巴细胞 CCR5阳性表达率(P<0 .0 5 )。
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  相似匹配句对
     interstitial fibrosis.
     间质纤维化。
短句来源
     (4) Interstitium was swollen.
     (4)间质
短句来源
     Diagnosis and treatment of interstitial cystitis
     间质性膀胱炎诊治
短句来源
     Imaging representation of gastrointestinal stromal tumors
     胃肠道间质肿瘤影像表现
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  interstitial
Over-reabsorption of filtered proteins, notably albumin, has been proved to trigger interstitial inflammation and fibrosis in proteinuric renal disease.
      
A direct correlation between the osmolality of the interstitial fluid and the content of potassium and magnesium ions in the tissues (adductor and foot) was revealed.
      
Mechanism of Saturation of Nanocrystalline Powders with Interstitial Impurities upon Mechanical Dispersion
      
The causes of a strong supersaturation with interstitial impurities in the process of mechanical dispersion are considered.
      
It is shown that nonequilibrium interstitial phases Fe2 - xC, x ∈ [0, 1] should exist in order to retain a large amount of an interstitial impurity in the region of nanoboundaries.
      
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  mesochymal
Clonal AF-SCs at passage 12 were subjected to mesochymal differentiation.
      


This investigation was undertaken to attain by means of pot cultures and chemical analyses a better understanding of the significance of the degree of base saturation in relation to the growth and mineral composition of certain crops. Two relatively pure mineral colloids, bentonite and kaolin, and a lucastrine orchard soil containing illitic type of clay minerals were used for the studies. Bentonite and kaolin were first electrodialyzed and then mixed with different amounts of pure quartz sand to give different...

This investigation was undertaken to attain by means of pot cultures and chemical analyses a better understanding of the significance of the degree of base saturation in relation to the growth and mineral composition of certain crops. Two relatively pure mineral colloids, bentonite and kaolin, and a lucastrine orchard soil containing illitic type of clay minerals were used for the studies. Bentonite and kaolin were first electrodialyzed and then mixed with different amounts of pure quartz sand to give different levels of base exchange capacity. Treatments were made to all three cultural media for varying degrees of base saturation with constant ratio between exchangeable bases. Oats and rye were grown in succession in montmorillonitic and kaolinitic media, while peach, soybean, proso, tomato and oats were grown in the illitic soil. Dry weights and contents of certain mineral constituents of oats, rye and tomato were determined. Yield data from the montmorillonitic media showed nearly linear relationship between the degree of base saturation and the growth of the plants. In the kaolinitic media the increase of yield was only noticeable from the first increment of bases, effects above 40% total base saturation being insignificant. The results from illitic soil were intermediate between those mentioned above, i.e., the highest yield of tomato was obtained at the 75% saturation level. The yield data further indicate that the growth of plants was more closely related to the degree of base saturation than to the total supply of exchangeable bases. With the same amounts of bases and at the levels below 60% base saturation, the yields of rye in the kaolinitic colloid were higher than in the montmorillonitic colloid. In the montmorillonitic media, the increase of Ca uptake by the plants from the first increment of Ca was pronounced with only little effects above 30% Ca saturation (or 40% level of total base saturation). The K content of the plants was increased appreciably at only the higher levels of base saturation, while significant increases of the Mg content of the plants occured at lower levels (i.e. below 60% base saturation level). In the kaolinitic media, no appreciable change of Ca and Mg contents of the plants was noticed. This is an interesting contrast to the results obtained with the montmorillonitic media. However, there were definite increases in K content of plants with increasing increments of K at the lower levels of saturation. The higher contents of Ca and Mg in the plants were found in kaolinitic media rather than in the montmorillonitic media provided that the total base saturation level was under 60% of the exchange capacity. On the other hand, the K content of the plants from montmorillonitic media was invariably higher than from kaolinitic media. In the illitic soil, the most marked increase of Ca content in plants occured when the degree of base saturation increased from the 50% to the 75% level. Beyond that point, no appreciable increase was noticed. As the degree of base saturation of illitic soil increased, the K and Mg percentages in plants increased also. Among the conclusions obtained from the experiments, the following are of outstanding significance: 1. Exchangeable cations are not equally available. With the equal supply of total exchangeable cations, their availability varies with the degree of base saturation. Within a certain range, the higher the degree of base saturation, the greater the availability of the exchangeable cation. This affords a theoretical explanation of the advantage of localized application of fertilizers. 2. The availability of exchangeable cations varies with the nature of clay minerals. With the given amount of exchangeable cations and the same degree of base saturation, the individual exchangeable cation held by the clay mineral differs in availability according to the following order: For Ca" and K', kaolinite>montmorillonite>kaolinite. This gives the reason why a montmorillonitic soil should be fertilized with respect to the Ca and K to higher levels than a kaolinitic soil. 3. In order to afford sufficient amount of active cations for the growth of plants, higher degree of ionic saturation is required for Ca" than is for Mg", which in turn should be higher than for K'. The study also discusses, from the theoretical point of view, some of the factors involved in determining the availability of exchangeable bases.

本研究之主要目的在于寻求不同粘粒矿物所吸附的代換性陽离子对植物生長及其矿質营养成分的影响。通过这一試驗,希望了解影响代换性陽离子的若干重要因子,从而提供关于施肥原則及技术的若干理論。试验分温室栽培及植株化学分析兩部份。栽培所用植物包括燕麦、黑麦、小米、大豆、番茄、桃树等数种,培养基根据所合粘番矿物不同,分微晶高陵土系,高陵土系及水化云母系三大类。培养基的鹽基代換率、鹽基飽和度,以及各代换性鹽基間的互相比例,均加以控制。另以砂培处理为对照,試驗的主要結果可以綜結如下: 1.在微晶高陵土系的栽培試驗里,植物的生長概和鹽基飽和度成直线相关,但高陵土系及水化云母系的栽培試驗結果并不完全如此。在这些培养基理,植物的生長,虽然也因鹽基飽和度的增加而改善,但其改善的趋势停止于一定的鹽基飽和度水平上。例如,在本試驗里,对黑麦和燕麦言,当高陵土系培养基的鹽基飽和度达到40%时,或对番茄言, 当水化云母系培养基的鹽基飽和度达到75%时,植物的生長都不再因鹽基飽和度的增加而改善了,这說明就植物的矿質营养言,鹽基飽和度具有特殊重要的意义。一般說来,鹽基飽和度愈大,代换性鹽基的有效度也愈大。 2.作为影响植物矿質营养的土埌肥力因素,鹽...

本研究之主要目的在于寻求不同粘粒矿物所吸附的代換性陽离子对植物生長及其矿質营养成分的影响。通过这一試驗,希望了解影响代换性陽离子的若干重要因子,从而提供关于施肥原則及技术的若干理論。试验分温室栽培及植株化学分析兩部份。栽培所用植物包括燕麦、黑麦、小米、大豆、番茄、桃树等数种,培养基根据所合粘番矿物不同,分微晶高陵土系,高陵土系及水化云母系三大类。培养基的鹽基代換率、鹽基飽和度,以及各代换性鹽基間的互相比例,均加以控制。另以砂培处理为对照,試驗的主要結果可以綜結如下: 1.在微晶高陵土系的栽培試驗里,植物的生長概和鹽基飽和度成直线相关,但高陵土系及水化云母系的栽培試驗結果并不完全如此。在这些培养基理,植物的生長,虽然也因鹽基飽和度的增加而改善,但其改善的趋势停止于一定的鹽基飽和度水平上。例如,在本試驗里,对黑麦和燕麦言,当高陵土系培养基的鹽基飽和度达到40%时,或对番茄言, 当水化云母系培养基的鹽基飽和度达到75%时,植物的生長都不再因鹽基飽和度的增加而改善了,这說明就植物的矿質营养言,鹽基飽和度具有特殊重要的意义。一般說来,鹽基飽和度愈大,代换性鹽基的有效度也愈大。 2.作为影响植物矿質营养的土埌肥力因素,鹽基飽和度的重要性一般超过鹽基代換率。試驗的結果表明:鹽基代換率不等,而鹽基飽和度相等的同一發生学来源的土埌,其植物生長狀况一般相等或相差不远。这說明代換性鹽基的絕对数量不足以指示作物生長的优劣。不仅如此,試驗的結果也啟示出含代換性陽离子絕对数量相等的兩种同源土埌,就对植物的矿質营养言,并不意味着具有相等的供应該有效性陽离子的能力。由于它們間質地上的可能差異,——質地輕者鹽基代换率小,質地粘重者,鹽基代換率大,——因之其鹽基飽和度就不相等。飽和度大者,鹽基的有效度就高。 3.栽培試驗及室內化学分析的結果都表明在总鹽基飽和度为60%以下的土埌中(Ca:Mg:K=15:3:2),高陵土类粘粒矿物上的代换性Ca~(++)及Mg~(++)的有效度均高于微晶高陵土,而K~+則相反。 4.植物矿質成分的化学分析結果表明:各营养离子的鹽基飽和度在一定范圍内的变化,可以显著地影响它进入植物体內的量。例如,当微晶高陵土系培养基的鈣离子飽和度在30%以下的范圍內作增减的变动时,都能明显地反映在其所生長的植物体內的含鈣量上。植物体內的鉀离子,則能反映飽和度自4%至6%的范圍內的变化。鎂的情况大体近似于鉀,只是其变化范圍更小一些。这說明同一种植物为了滿足其自身的营养需要,对于同一种粘粒矿物上所吸附的不同离子,有不同的飽和度的要求。鈣最大,(对黑麦,燕麦而言約30%以上),鎂次之(約9%),鉀最小(約6%)。这些标准也是施肥的最低要求。 5.栽培試驗及化学分析都証明同一种离子吸附在不同的粘粒矿物上,縱然离子飽和度相等,其对植物生長和矿質养分的影响也不相等。研究結果显示出在同一离子飽和度下,不同粘粒矿物上的离子有效度大体依下列次序变化:高陵土>微晶高陵土>水化云母。在农業实踐中,不同类型的土埌所要求的施肥标准不等,在这里也得到了一些理論根据。試驗結果对于实际施肥,应有一定的指导价值。除以上主要結果外,本文还对有关代換性离子有效度的理論問題进行了討論和分析,并提出了作者自己的初步意見。

The lumbosacral cord of a 55-day baby girl was cut serially and stained for a microscopicstudy.It was twice split into two with extensive dysplasia in its dorsal parts.Numerous primarysensory cells were strewn within the cord.The present study was particularly concerned with theirclassification,distribution and derivation.In addition to their normal sites,the sensory ganglionic cells are scattered on the dorsal aspectsof the cord,along the space between the separated cords,in the openings of the anterior and...

The lumbosacral cord of a 55-day baby girl was cut serially and stained for a microscopicstudy.It was twice split into two with extensive dysplasia in its dorsal parts.Numerous primarysensory cells were strewn within the cord.The present study was particularly concerned with theirclassification,distribution and derivation.In addition to their normal sites,the sensory ganglionic cells are scattered on the dorsal aspectsof the cord,along the space between the separated cords,in the openings of the anterior and posteriormedian fissures and also within the crevices inside the cord,yet communicating to the outside.Such sensory elements are surrounded with capsular cells;this is also characteristic of a few sen-sory cells slightly sunken into the intramedullary structures in continuation with the heterotopicganglionic formations.A number of the sensory cells are deeply embedded in the supernumerary gray and white for-mations chiefly in the dorsal portions;they are especially numerous in the anterior gray commissureand the anterior horn.Such cells are devoid of a capsule.In the early embryonic period,unfavorable conditions retard the mutual approximation of theneural folds and the precocious ectomesenchyme thrusts itself between them.The dorsal edges ofthe folds are then forced to bend ventrally toward the neural plate,resulting in a duplication of thespinal cord.During the rolling-in process,the irregular margins of the neural folds and the out-thrusts ofthe ectomesenchyme conjoin to produce the supernumeraray structures in the dorsal portions of thecord.Some presumptive sensory elements on the folds may be roiled into such intramedullary unitsand grow up in situ.The neural crest represents the spear-head of the rollingin fold;its presumptive sensory ele-ments may well disperse themselves into the precursory anterior gray commissure and theanterior horn.The primarys sensory cells and the capsular cells are both derived from the ectoderm.Theformer bear capsular cells in case they have participated in the process of ganglion formation;whereas they lack such a capsule if they grow up right in their erratic sites.The intraspinal sensory ganglionic cells are chiefly derived from the neural crest;this doesnot exclude the tube wall as being another possible source.Though erratic in postion,the intraspinal sensory cells may perform a fairly normal function.

在本研究,切片观察了一个生后55天的女婴的脊髓;它在腰骶部有两次析为左右二条,背部的灰白结构位置错乱。脊髓内部出现了许多一级的感觉细胞。本研究特要阐明这些细胞的类型、配布和来源。除了常位以外,神经节细胞散处脊髓的背方、左右分立的脊髓的中间、前后正中裂口、以及外通表面的髓内罅隙中。它们的外周例有被囊细胞。一级的感觉细胞可深入脊髓背部额外的灰白结构中;前连合和前角中特别众多。这些细胞例无被囊。在胚胎的早期,二侧的神经褶遇合迟滞,其间插进了外叶性间质;二褶的背缘被迫弯向腹方,触接神经板,结果,左右各成一条脊髓。神经褶边缘参差,在旋捲的过程中会同间质的推拓,在脊髓背部就形成额外的灰白结构。褶上先在性的感觉成分有些一同捲入髓内,就地生长起来。神经嵴是旋捲部分的矛头,它的感觉分子就顺势散入来日的前连合和前角中。感觉细胞和被囊细胞都是源出外胚层。前者若曾参预神经节的形成,外周就有被囊细胞;若是在异位就地成长,就无被囊的结构。异位的感觉细胞来自神经嵴,但可能有少数发自神经管壁。脊髓内的感觉神经元虽然变了位置,但仍可有很正常的机能。

Thirteen adult guinea-pigs were divided into 3 groups:2 as normal controls;6 and 5 being treated with streptomycin sulphate 200 and 400mg per kilo body weight res- pectively for 21—60 days.The vestibular and auditory functions were tested.Their brains were prepared for Bielschowsky and Nissl sections.Microscopic examination re- vealed the following facts. Vascular disturbances prevail in the nervous system.The blood vessels are crumpled with concommittent perivascular edema.The adjacent nervous tissue shows...

Thirteen adult guinea-pigs were divided into 3 groups:2 as normal controls;6 and 5 being treated with streptomycin sulphate 200 and 400mg per kilo body weight res- pectively for 21—60 days.The vestibular and auditory functions were tested.Their brains were prepared for Bielschowsky and Nissl sections.Microscopic examination re- vealed the following facts. Vascular disturbances prevail in the nervous system.The blood vessels are crumpled with concommittent perivascular edema.The adjacent nervous tissue shows ischemic softening and the nerve fibres become demyelinated. The intoxicated nerve cells are generally dehydrated and shrunken often with eccen- tricity of nuclei and chromophilic lumps.Gliosis and neurophagosis are common. The vestibular and cochlear systems of the eighth or stato-acoustic nerve exhibit intoxicative changes in the 2 groups of animals.On the peripheral as well as the central side,the degeneration of the vestibular structures supercedes that of the cochlear system. The site and nature of the intoxication are much alike in the light and heavy-dose groups,yet the latter shows a higher severity. The degenerative alterations appear simultaneously in the perpheral and central struc- tures.A question of primacy in intoxication—peripheral or central—is not existent. There is a chain of structures on the peripheral and central sides of the stato-acoustic system;their degeneration does not proceed along the conduction path,nor the degree of intoxication varies with their relative positions on the conduction scale.The peri- pheral and central units get intoxicated independently. Besides the stato-acoustic structures streptomycin afflicts other sensory(e.g.trige- minal) and motor systems,the viscero-motor in particular.Streptomycin intoxication is general in nature,yet some structures are especially sensitive to it. The relative vulnerability to streptomycin of the nervous structures is apparently conditioned by their chemical constitution. Streptomycin injuries higher brain parts which are mainly motor,especially viscero- motor.The diencephalic viscero-motor nuclei,the striate complex and the visceral cor- tex are excessively disintegrated.The extensive intoxicative manifestations have a neurological basis. The toxin of streptomycin affects the entire nervous system and hence the whole bodily mechanisms.Its medical application calls for a meticulous consideration with respect to the patient's sensitivity to the antibiotic,the size of the dose and the length of the therapeutic course.

十三个成长的豚鼠分为三粗,2个作正常对照,此外6个和5个每日分别注射链霉秦硫酸盐,一公斤体重200和400毫克,共经21至60天。未了,豚鼠都经过平衡和听觉的测验。各脑分别染制Nissl和Bielschowsky切片。显微镜的检查得到以下的结果。神经系中普见血管的病变。血管塌陷,管外间质水肿。邻近的神经组织失血软化。神经纤维表现髓鞘溶解。中毒的神经细胞脱水萎缩,常见胞核偏位,染色质偏聚、结块。也时有神经胶质增生和神经吞噬现象。二组豚鼠在位听神经的前庭系和耳蜗系都有中毒的征象。在周缘部和中枢部,前庭系各极结构的病变,与耳蜗系相较,更为严重。在注射轻剂和重剂的二组豚鼠,神经系中毒的部位和性质是相似的,但重剂组的病变程度较高。在位听系,中毒的病变同时见于周缘部和中枢部。中毒的第一性的问题——在周缘, 抑在中枢——是不存在的。周缘和中枢各有一系结构,病变的表现不沿神经传导的路线;病变的轻重也不随路线上地位的高低。周缘和中枢的各项结构是各自中毒的。链霉素不仅毒害位听神经一系,而更损伤其它感觉系(如三叉神经系)和运动系——特是内脏运动系——的结构。链霉素中毒是一般性的,但有些结构特易感受它的毒害。在各级结构中,神经细胞的...

十三个成长的豚鼠分为三粗,2个作正常对照,此外6个和5个每日分别注射链霉秦硫酸盐,一公斤体重200和400毫克,共经21至60天。未了,豚鼠都经过平衡和听觉的测验。各脑分别染制Nissl和Bielschowsky切片。显微镜的检查得到以下的结果。神经系中普见血管的病变。血管塌陷,管外间质水肿。邻近的神经组织失血软化。神经纤维表现髓鞘溶解。中毒的神经细胞脱水萎缩,常见胞核偏位,染色质偏聚、结块。也时有神经胶质增生和神经吞噬现象。二组豚鼠在位听神经的前庭系和耳蜗系都有中毒的征象。在周缘部和中枢部,前庭系各极结构的病变,与耳蜗系相较,更为严重。在注射轻剂和重剂的二组豚鼠,神经系中毒的部位和性质是相似的,但重剂组的病变程度较高。在位听系,中毒的病变同时见于周缘部和中枢部。中毒的第一性的问题——在周缘, 抑在中枢——是不存在的。周缘和中枢各有一系结构,病变的表现不沿神经传导的路线;病变的轻重也不随路线上地位的高低。周缘和中枢的各项结构是各自中毒的。链霉素不仅毒害位听神经一系,而更损伤其它感觉系(如三叉神经系)和运动系——特是内脏运动系——的结构。链霉素中毒是一般性的,但有些结构特易感受它的毒害。在各级结构中,神经细胞的化学合成决定它们反应链霉素的灵钝和轻重。链霉素伤害高级的脑部,这多属运动性,特是内脏运动性。间脑的内脏性核团、纹状体簇和内脏性皮质中毒特别剧烈。链霉素中毒症状广泛,这是有神经基础的。链霉素的毒质伤害全神经系,也影响全身;为医疗使用这个抗菌素,关于患者对此药的敏感,剂量和疗程是要慎重考虑的。

 
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