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内易位
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     Results:Dex have shown to impair glucose uptake,the cellular PKB,GLUT1 protein expression,IRSs and PKB phosphorylaiton as well as GLUT4 translocation.
     结果 :Dex抑制了糖的转运活动、细胞内PKB、GLUTI的蛋白表达 ,对GLUT4的量无影响 ,但明显削弱了它从包内易位至包膜 ; Dex还明显下降了胰岛素受体底物和PKB的磷酸化。
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     Ganoderma.
     Ganoderma
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     It seems that not all the network magnetic flux is the remnant of active region magnetic flux.
     网络?
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     Administration of L-glutamine by gastrointestinal tract can prevent intestinal bacteria translocation and reduce the occurrence of pancreatic infection.
     经胃肠道给予谷氨酰胺可防止肠道细菌易位,减少胰腺感染的发生。
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     A Case of t(1;5) Reciprocal Translocation with inv (12) Paracentric Inversion
     一例t(1;5)相互易位并伴inv(12)臂倒位的报告
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     Recent Progress in Robertsonian Translocation Study
     罗伯逊易位研究的进展
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  internal translocation
The highest internal translocation was found in P.
      
helicopus, while the lowest internal translocation was found in S.
      
The origin of this N was believed to be increased internal translocation associated with enhanced premature needle senescence observed at higher O3 levels.
      
Effects of the synthetic chelator ethylenediamine tetraacetate (EDTA) on uptake and internal translocation of hexavalent and trivalent chromium by plants were investigated.
      


By using C - banding and in situ hybridization, a hybrid wheat S3063, obtained from the cross of common wheat A552(male) with an 1RS / 1 BL translocation line Zaokang(femal), was found that the rye chromosome fragment had been lost and the translocations of wheat chromosome had taken place. As a consequence, an intra - species translocation, a double arm - translocation of 5BS / 7BS and 5BL / 7SL was formed. Possibly due to such Kinds of translocation, the resistance to powdery mildew was increased and some...

By using C - banding and in situ hybridization, a hybrid wheat S3063, obtained from the cross of common wheat A552(male) with an 1RS / 1 BL translocation line Zaokang(femal), was found that the rye chromosome fragment had been lost and the translocations of wheat chromosome had taken place. As a consequence, an intra - species translocation, a double arm - translocation of 5BS / 7BS and 5BL / 7SL was formed. Possibly due to such Kinds of translocation, the resistance to powdery mildew was increased and some agronomical characters were changed. Line S3063 was shown to be immune from powdery mildew and stem- and leaf- nut u well as highly resistant to yellow dwarf virus in the past 3 years. The yield was also increased to 5523 kg / h, very close to that of local variety Jingdong 6(5751 kg / h) in Beijing area.

以普通小麦A552为父本、IRS/IBL黑麦和小麦易位系早抗为母本的杂种S3063,经C-分带和原位杂交鉴定,发现丢失了母本的黑麦成分,同时又发生了小麦种内易位,变成了5BS/7BS、5BL/7BL臂间双易位系。与此同时,白粉病抗性和一些农艺性状也发生了变化,此已己连续3年对白粉病免疫,且免疫条锈、叶锈和高抗黄矮病,每公顷5523千克,接近北京推广品种京冬6号

Objective:To explore the molecular mechanism of glucocorticoid-induced insulin resistance.Methods:Isolated rat adipocytes were cultured for 24h at 5mM glucose with dexamethasone(0.3μM).Then the glucose uptake,cellular content of insulin signaling peptides(PKB,GLUT1,GLUT4)as well as their phosphorylation were measured.Results:Dex have shown to impair glucose uptake,the cellular PKB,GLUT1 protein expression,IRSs and PKB phosphorylaiton as well as GLUT4 translocation.Conclusions:glucocorticoid can induce insulin...

Objective:To explore the molecular mechanism of glucocorticoid-induced insulin resistance.Methods:Isolated rat adipocytes were cultured for 24h at 5mM glucose with dexamethasone(0.3μM).Then the glucose uptake,cellular content of insulin signaling peptides(PKB,GLUT1,GLUT4)as well as their phosphorylation were measured.Results:Dex have shown to impair glucose uptake,the cellular PKB,GLUT1 protein expression,IRSs and PKB phosphorylaiton as well as GLUT4 translocation.Conclusions:glucocorticoid can induce insulin resistance.The mechanism may be multiple defects:at the level of insulin signaling peptides expression,phosphorylation as well as GLUT4 translocation.

目的 :探讨糖皮质激素诱导胰岛素抵抗的分子机理。方法 :分离的老鼠脂肪细胞在 5mM浓度的糖加地塞米松 (Dex) (0 .3uM)孵育 2 4h ,然后测定糖的转运活动、细胞内胰岛素受体 β亚单位、胰岛素受体底物及PKB磷酸化 ;PKB、GLUTI、GLUT4的蛋白表达以及GLUT4的易位。结果 :Dex抑制了糖的转运活动、细胞内PKB、GLUTI的蛋白表达 ,对GLUT4的量无影响 ,但明显削弱了它从包内易位至包膜 ;Dex还明显下降了胰岛素受体底物和PKB的磷酸化。结论 :糖皮质激素可以诱导胰岛素抵抗。其机理可能与影响了细胞内胰岛素信号肽磷酸化、糖的转运子的表达及易位等多步骤有关

Objective.To observe CDK5 and activator p35/p25 expressions and investigate the pathogenesis of motor neuron damage in immune-mediated injury.Methods:Experimental autoimmune gray matter disease (EAGMD) animal model was established and the expression features of CDK5 and activator p35/p25 in spinal motor neuron were observed by immunohistochemical methods.Results:Our data showed that CDK5 and activator p35/p25 were located under the membrane of spinal motor neurons in the control guinea pigs.The expressions of...

Objective.To observe CDK5 and activator p35/p25 expressions and investigate the pathogenesis of motor neuron damage in immune-mediated injury.Methods:Experimental autoimmune gray matter disease (EAGMD) animal model was established and the expression features of CDK5 and activator p35/p25 in spinal motor neuron were observed by immunohistochemical methods.Results:Our data showed that CDK5 and activator p35/p25 were located under the membrane of spinal motor neurons in the control guinea pigs.The expressions of CDK5 and p35/p25 increased in the motor neuronal somata of spinal cord ventral horn and some proximal axons of the gray matter-immuned guinea pigs without limb paralysis.In contrast,CDK5 inmmunoreactive neurons in the spinal cord of gray matter-immunized guinea pigs with limb paralysis were rare.There was signifieant difference between the EAGMD and the control guinea pigs.Conclusion:The mislocation of CDK5 and activator p35/p25 may play an important role in immune-mediated mo- tor neuron injury.

目的:研究免疫介导的神经元损伤过程中细胞周期素依赖蛋白激酶5(CDK5)表达的特征,探讨其损伤机制。方法:建立免疫介导的脊髓前角运动神经元损伤的模型,利用免疫组化方法观察脊髓前角运动神经元CDK5及p35/ p25的表达特征。结果:对照组豚鼠脊髓运动神经元CDK5及p35/p25主要在细胞核及细胞膜下表达,胞质着色淡;注射牛脊髓前角匀浆而无肢体瘫痪的豚鼠,脊髓运动神经元CDK5及p35/p25表达在数量上增加,强度上增强;有明显肢体瘫痪的豚鼠CDK5及p35/p25免疫反应阳性神经元数量明显减少,部分胞质内无着色。结论:CDK5及p35/ p25在神经元胞质内的易位表达,在免疫介导的神经元损伤过程中具有重要的作用。

 
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