Results The rate of qualified iodized salt was elevated from 47.8% in 1995 to 96.2% in 2005. The goiter rate of 8 ~ 10 years old children was decreased from 11.2% in 1995 to 6.5% in 2005. The level of urine iodine was increased from 200μg/L to 390μg/L.
Results The rate of non-iodized salt in 5 counties was 15.8%, of iodized salt 84.2%, of quality iodized salt 79.0%. The rates of the indicators were 44.4%, 55.6%, 41.0% and 19.4%, 80.6%, 80.6% in Shouguang and Jimo city, respectively.
Results 14 255 samples of ediblesalts in residents had been examined and the mean iodine was 29.45 mg/kg. 13 307 samples were qualified and 334 samples were not. Coverage rate of iodized salt was 97.65%, rate of qualified iodized salt was 95.60%, taking rate of qualified iodized salt was 93.35%, and rate of non-qualified iodized salt was 2.35%.
Results The median urinary iodine (Mui) increased from 26.1 μg/L to 384.4 μg/L and the children whose Mui>100 μg/L increased from 5.4% to 95.2% after one year USI,showing the iodine deficient status had been improved.
Results The average IQ of children in the iodine deficient area was 71.11±0.46 before the iodine supplement and 73.26±10.32 and 86.95±10.64 five and 15 years after the iodine supplement. The low intelligence rates were 46.79%,28.57% and 6.67% respectively.
Characterization of iodine species in the marine aerosol: To understand their roles in particle formation processes
In this contribution, iodine chemistry in the Marine Boundary Layer (MBL) is introduced.
A series of methodologies for the measurements of iodine species in the gas and particle phases of the coastal atmosphere has been developed.
Iodine species in the gas phase in real air samples has been determined in two field campaigns at the west coast of Ireland, indicating that gaseous iodo-hydrocarbons and elemental iodine are the precursors of new particle formation.
Particulate iodine speciation from the same measurement campaigns show that the non-water-soluble iodine compounds are the main iodine species during the marine particle formation.
It will be helpful for us to judge whether this area is insufficient in iodine and universal iodized salt is necessary or not.
The data reflected that water and soil iodine in foreland area was not high, which suggests universal iodized salt should be necessary.
Iodine concentration in canteen meals prepared with or without iodized salt
In each of two university canteens differing in the use (canteen A) or non-use (canteen B) of iodized salt for food preparation, 15 mostly equal lunch meals were collected for iodide and NaCl analysis.
Consequently, the use of iodized salt in central catering seems to play a more important role in a sufficient I intake than assumed so far.
???Albeit there was a high number of nodular transformed glands and goitrous patients included, and our cohort was recruited in an iodine deficient area, we did not observe hyperthyroidism in any patient.
The study aimed to clarify the relationship between personal knowledge on iodine, individual iodine prophylaxis and parameters of iodine deficiency (thyroid volume, iodine excretion) in a well known iodine deficient area.
Iodine prophylaxis-the protective factor against stomach cancer in iodine deficient areas
In conclusion, infants and young children in Belgium are as iodine deficient as all other age groups of the population and, consequently, are at risk of brain damage.
Lactating and probably pregnant women remain clearly iodine deficient.