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A polyamic acid (PAA)/polyurethane (PU) blend with PU as the disperse phase was first prepared via in situ polymerization of pyromellitic dianhydride and 4,4-oxydianiline in PU solutions.
      
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本規范規定了民用各型海船航海时应保証的最低的稳性要求。在規范內将我国海船航行的区域,划分为三类航区: 第Ⅰ类航区——無限制航区(包括远洋航线及本国沿海某些特殊規定的航线); 第Ⅱ类航区——本国沿海距岸不大於100浬的航区(包括某些特殊規定); 第Ⅲ类航区——本国沿海距岸不大於25浬的航区。对一切民用海船稳性的基本衡准为:保証船在航海时同时考虑波浪共振横搖及风力动傾力矩的作用后,船仍保持其恢复原位的性能;即船与波浪共振搖到θ角后保証: k=m_q/M_f≥1 对圓舭有舭龙骨船的共振橫搖振幅对圓舭無舭龙骨的船θ_2=1.5θ,尖舭無舭龙骨的船θ_3=1.2θ。风力动傾力矩 M_f=0.001 p A Z,公吨-米。各型海船应按不同的装載情况核算稳性。船的稳性曲线可以採用一般船舶原理中的方法計算,但对低於“海船載重线規范”中規定的Ⅰ級封閉装置的上层建筑,在計算稳性曲线时不計其浮力。同时規定了浸水角对稳性曲线的影响。規范要求稳性曲线的基本形状为最大靜稳性力臂。 l_(max)>0.25米,当B>8; l_(max)=0.03B米,当5米0.15米,当B<5米。与l_(max)...

本規范規定了民用各型海船航海时应保証的最低的稳性要求。在規范內将我国海船航行的区域,划分为三类航区: 第Ⅰ类航区——無限制航区(包括远洋航线及本国沿海某些特殊規定的航线); 第Ⅱ类航区——本国沿海距岸不大於100浬的航区(包括某些特殊規定); 第Ⅲ类航区——本国沿海距岸不大於25浬的航区。对一切民用海船稳性的基本衡准为:保証船在航海时同时考虑波浪共振横搖及风力动傾力矩的作用后,船仍保持其恢复原位的性能;即船与波浪共振搖到θ角后保証: k=m_q/M_f≥1 对圓舭有舭龙骨船的共振橫搖振幅对圓舭無舭龙骨的船θ_2=1.5θ,尖舭無舭龙骨的船θ_3=1.2θ。风力动傾力矩 M_f=0.001 p A Z,公吨-米。各型海船应按不同的装載情况核算稳性。船的稳性曲线可以採用一般船舶原理中的方法計算,但对低於“海船載重线規范”中規定的Ⅰ級封閉装置的上层建筑,在計算稳性曲线时不計其浮力。同时規定了浸水角对稳性曲线的影响。規范要求稳性曲线的基本形状为最大靜稳性力臂。 l_(max)>0.25米,当B>8; l_(max)=0.03B米,当5米0.15米,当B<5米。与l_(max)相应的横傾角应大於30°,稳性消失角应大於60°,接近90°。初稳性高度经自由液面修正后应为正值。对冬季航行可能遇到結冰的船舶提出計及結冰影响的要求,对客船因旅客集中于一舷同时进行迴轉所产生的靜傾角規定不得大於12°。在航海时拖輪的稳性除了应滿足基本的衡准外,同时要求計及拖索急牵的动傾力矩后仍能滿足;此外尚要求核算拖輪港內工作时的稳性情况。

Lycorine hydrochloride (m.p. 205—207℃) was prepared by the Kunming Pharmaceutical Factory of Yunnan Province, which is an alkaloid of Lycoris aurea Herb. produced in Yunnan Province of China.In the present work, the authors have investigated the action on the uterus with a 0.1% lycorine hydrochloride solution. The following are the results. 1. The stimulative actions of the drug are evident on rabbit's and guinea pig's uterus, uterus in situ and uterus-fistula of rabbits. 2. On isolated rat's uterus, the drug...

Lycorine hydrochloride (m.p. 205—207℃) was prepared by the Kunming Pharmaceutical Factory of Yunnan Province, which is an alkaloid of Lycoris aurea Herb. produced in Yunnan Province of China.In the present work, the authors have investigated the action on the uterus with a 0.1% lycorine hydrochloride solution. The following are the results. 1. The stimulative actions of the drug are evident on rabbit's and guinea pig's uterus, uterus in situ and uterus-fistula of rabbits. 2. On isolated rat's uterus, the drug causes stimulation with minimal doses, but inhibitory action with large doses. 3. The LD_(50) of lycorine hydrochloride for mice given hypodermically was found to be 42 mg/kg.The chief symptoms before death were salivation, convulsion, and dyspnea.

石蒜碱(lycorine)从黄花石蒜的干燥鳞茎中提得,熔点为278—280℃,用其盐酸盐(熔点为205—207℃)实验。结果,本品对家兔原位子宫及子宫瘘子宫、家兔和豚鼠的离体子宫均有兴奋作用。对大白鼠离体子宫小剂量呈兴奋作用,大剂量呈抑制作用。盐酸石蒜碱对小白鼠的LD_(50)为42毫克/公斤。

The pattern of branching and distribution of the segmental bronchi in the rightlower lobe of 50 adult Chinese lungs were studied and the following results were ob-tained. 1. In 98% of the cases the superior segmental bronchus (B~6) arises as a single stem,which is either divided into 2 branches (86%) or 3 branches (12%). In the formercase, the prevailing pattern (68%) has the formula B_(a+b)~6 and B_6c. In 22% of the cases, the superior segment is obliquely fitted to the basal segmentsof the lower lobe, and...

The pattern of branching and distribution of the segmental bronchi in the rightlower lobe of 50 adult Chinese lungs were studied and the following results were ob-tained. 1. In 98% of the cases the superior segmental bronchus (B~6) arises as a single stem,which is either divided into 2 branches (86%) or 3 branches (12%). In the formercase, the prevailing pattern (68%) has the formula B_(a+b)~6 and B_6c. In 22% of the cases, the superior segment is obliquely fitted to the basal segmentsof the lower lobe, and in the remaining 76% it caps the basal segments horizontally. Only in one instance (2%), B~6 arises as two separate stems. In 38% of the cases the subsuperior bronchus proper (B~*) is present. In some cases(6%) of this group there are two B~* in the same lobe. The accessory subsuperior bronchus (BX_(10)~*) is found in 86% of the cases. It maybe represented by 1--3 stems. The B~x or BX_(10)~* almost always distributes to at least the posterior section of thelung but it may spread medially to the paravertebral area or laterally to the postero-lateral zone. 2. The percentages of occurrence of types Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ of the medial basal bron-chus (B~7) are 38%, 30%, 16% and 16% respectively. The anterior basal bronchus (B~8) is remarkably constant in occurrence and pattern,80% of B~8 bifurcated into B_a~8 and B_b~8, 18% is expanded by the inclusion of the sub-segmental bronchus of adjoining segments, and 2% is defective. The lateral basal bronchus (B~9) divides typically into B_a~9 and B_b~9 in 82% of thecases. Only 2% of B~9 is expanded, this is due to the inclusion of the displaced B_b~8. Inthe remaining 16%, B~9 is defective. In such instances its two subsegmental bronchiarise independently, one has developed at the usual site of B~9, the other arises as a dis-placed branch usually from main trunk of B~(10). In all specimens, the posterior basal bronchi (B~(10)) divides into B_a~(10) and B_b~(10). Onlyin two specimens, B_b~(10). is expanded by inclusion of the displaced B_b~7. 3. The lengths and the relative levels of the segmental bronchi of the right lowerlobes were measured.

1.解剖50个成人的右肺下叶,详细观察了右肺下叶支气管的分支情况。 2.观察了上段支气管(B~6)的发起、分支型及分布区域。B~6为一支型者98%,二支型者2%。一支型的B~6分为二支者有86%,其中以分为B_(a+b)~6和B_c~6者最多(68%);分为三支者有12%。B~6分布区的下界呈水平位者76%,为斜位者22%。亚上段支气管(B~*)的出现率为38%,其中有6%B~*有二支。BX_(10)~*的出现率为86%,可有1—3支。B~*与BX_(10)~*都布于后缘区及其相邻的区域。 3.肺底内侧段支气管(B~7)可分为四型,Ⅰ型为38%,Ⅱ型为30%,Ⅲ型为16%,Ⅳ型为16%。肺底前段支气管(B~8)为较稳定的一支,普通型为78%,扩大型为20%,缩小型为2%。肺底外侧段支气管(B~9)的普通型为82%,扩大型为2%,缩小型为16%。缩小型中以B~9的一个分支起于原位、另一支变位起于B~(10)干者最多(12%)。肺底后段支气管(B~(10)),50例中只有2例属于扩大型,全部标本的B~(10)皆有B_a~(10)及B_b~(10)支。 4.各段支气管的长度以及它们之间的距离都进行了测量。

 
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