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饮食标准
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  dietary standards
     Methods:Dietary standards were made and dietetic tre a tment were strengthened for 6 months on 17cases of CAPD patients. The nutritional indexes and dialysis adequacy were followed up to be examined once a month.
     方法 :17例CAPD患者采取制定饮食标准 ,强化饮食治疗 6个月 ,营养指标及透析充分性每月随访检查 1次。
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  “饮食标准”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Methods 17 CAPD patients followed up to six months(aged 18 to 73yr) were advised to follow standard nutritional diet. The nutritional indexes and dialysis effects were detirmined every month.
     方法  17例CAPD患者采取制定饮食标准 ,强化饮食治疗 6个月 ,营养指标及透析充分性每月随访检查 1次。
短句来源
     Objective:To evaluate the meat and meat product in the Alar area to provide a standard of quality and safety for consumer.
     目的:对阿拉尔地区部分肉及肉制品进行细菌学评价,为消费者提供健康和安全的饮食标准
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  相似匹配句对
     Standard
     标准
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     The standard diets of patients were adopted by patients in the control group;
     对照组:采用病员标准饮食;
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     The Exposure Standard
     曝光量标准
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     The Diet of the Herdsmen
     牧人的饮食
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     The Diet of Neolithic Age
     新石器时代的饮食
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  dietary standards
If this is the case, dietary standards for Se could be lowered.
      


Objective To investigate the influence of dietary management on nutritional status and dialysis adequacy in CAPD patients.Methods 17 CAPD patients followed up to six months(aged 18 to 73yr) were advised to follow standard nutritional diet.The nutritional indexes and dialysis effects were detirmined every month.Results After dietary management:(1)the increase of body weight and the improvement of weekness were found;(2)The Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) showed a significant improvement in the nutritional...

Objective To investigate the influence of dietary management on nutritional status and dialysis adequacy in CAPD patients.Methods 17 CAPD patients followed up to six months(aged 18 to 73yr) were advised to follow standard nutritional diet.The nutritional indexes and dialysis effects were detirmined every month.Results After dietary management:(1)the increase of body weight and the improvement of weekness were found;(2)The Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) showed a significant improvement in the nutritional status(P<0.05) without the severe malnutrition;(3)there were the significantly(P<0.05) increase levels of serum total protein,preciding albumin,transfer iron albumin,serum albumin,temoglobin,HCT,serum triglyceride,serum cholesterol,Blood Urea and normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR);(4)and there was a significant increase levels of fractional urea clearance(KT/V).Conclusions Nutritional management can improve nutritional status and dialysis adequacy in CAPD patients.

目的 通过膳食管理 (饮食治疗 ) ,观察持续不卧床腹膜透析 (CAPD)的营养状态及透析充分性的影响。方法  17例CAPD患者采取制定饮食标准 ,强化饮食治疗 6个月 ,营养指标及透析充分性每月随访检查 1次。结果  (1)饮食治疗后患者体重增加 ,精神改善 ,乏力感减轻 ;(2 )主观综合性营养评估 (SGA)可见营养不良患者明显减少 (P <0 0 5 ) ,无重度营养不良 ;(3)饮食治疗后血浆总蛋白、前白蛋白、转铁蛋白、白蛋白、血红蛋白、红细胞压积、甘油三酯及血尿素氮均明显提高 (P <0 0 5 ) ,标准蛋白分解率 (nRCP)增加 (P <0 0 5 ) ;(4 )KT/V明显增加 (P <0 0 5 )。结论 合理膳食是CAPD患者的重要治疗手段 ,能改善CAPD效果 ,减少营养不良发生率 ,提高腹膜透析充分性。

Objective:To investigate the influence of nutritional state and dialysis adequacy on CAPD patients by dietary management.Methods:Dietary standards were made and dietetic tre a tment were strengthened for 6 months on 17cases of CAPD patients.The nutritional indexes and dialysis adequacy were followed up to be examined once a month.Results: After dietetic treatment it was found that b ody weight of patients increased,mind got better and weakness was reduced;it was sho wed by SGA that the amount of malnutrition...

Objective:To investigate the influence of nutritional state and dialysis adequacy on CAPD patients by dietary management.Methods:Dietary standards were made and dietetic tre a tment were strengthened for 6 months on 17cases of CAPD patients.The nutritional indexes and dialysis adequacy were followed up to be examined once a month.Results: After dietetic treatment it was found that b ody weight of patients increased,mind got better and weakness was reduced;it was sho wed by SGA that the amount of malnutrition patients decreased significantly(P <0.05);Tp,Pa,Tf,Alb,Hb,Hct,Tg,Bun increased significantly (P<0.0 5); and nPCR and KT/V improved significantly(P<0.05).Conclusion: Reasonable dietary can improve the effect of CAPD,reduce the happe ning rate of malnutrition and increase peritoneal dialysis adequacy.

目的 :通过膳食管理 ,观察持续不卧床腹膜透析 (CAPD)的营养状态及对透析充分性的影响。方法 :17例CAPD患者采取制定饮食标准 ,强化饮食治疗 6个月 ,营养指标及透析充分性每月随访检查 1次。结果 :饮食治疗后患者体重增加 ,精神改善 ,乏力减轻 ;主观综合性营养评估 (SGA)可见营养不良患者明显减少 (P <0 .0 5 ) ;Tp ,Pa,Tf,Alb ,Hb ,Hct,Tg,Bun明显提高 (P <0 .0 5 ) ,标准蛋白分解率 (nPCR)及KT/V明显增加 (P <0 .0 5 )。结论 :合理膳食能改善CAPD效果 ,减少营养不良发生率 ,提高腹膜透析充分性。

AIM: To explore the preventive and therapeutic effects of pioglitazone on rats with fatty liver induced by high fat feeding, and compare the preventive effect with curative effect. METHODS: The experiment was carried out in Henan Provincial Experimental Animal Center and Henan Key Laboratory on Tumor Pathology from January to July 2005. Thirty-six Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 2 series of 6 groups: ①The preventive series was divided into 10-week execution normal group (n=6) and 10-week execution...

AIM: To explore the preventive and therapeutic effects of pioglitazone on rats with fatty liver induced by high fat feeding, and compare the preventive effect with curative effect. METHODS: The experiment was carried out in Henan Provincial Experimental Animal Center and Henan Key Laboratory on Tumor Pathology from January to July 2005. Thirty-six Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 2 series of 6 groups: ①The preventive series was divided into 10-week execution normal group (n=6) and 10-week execution model group (n=6) as well as pioglitazone preventive group (n=7). Rats in 10-week normal group were fed with standard diet and rats in the other two groups were fed with high-fat diet (based on standard diet, 13% of pig fats and 2% of cholesterol were added). Rats in 10-week pioglitazone preventive group received gastric perfusion of 20 mg/kg pioglitazone (manufactured by Hangzhou China-American Huadong Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd) per day at the 3rd week of feeding, while rats in the other two groups received gastric perfusion of distilled water at the same volume and were executed at the 10th week of feeding.②The treatment series was divided into 17-week normal group (n=5), 17-week model group (n=5) and pioglitazone treatment group (n=7). Rats in model group were fed with standard diet, while rats in the other two groups were fed with high-fat diet. At the 10th week, rats in 17-week pioglitazone treatment group received gastric perfusion of 20 mg/kg per day and rats in the other two groups were administrated with distilled water at the same volume. All rats were executed at the 17th week of feeding. The final body mass, serum transaminases, blood lipid, blood glucose, insulin as well as hepatic lipid were tested and the pathological changes of liver were observed. RESULTS: A total of 32 rats were involved in the analysis of results.①Results of preventive series: the liver index (liver mass/body mass), serum triglycerides and liver triglycerides, HOMA insulin resistance index IRI as well as the degree of hepatic steatosis were obviously decreased in the preventive pioglitazone group than in 10-week model group (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05),but there were no significant differences between the preventive pioglitazone group and 10-week normal group (P > 0.05). There were no remarkable differences in concentrations of serum and hepatic cholesterol among three groups (P > 0.05).②Results of the treatment series: the liver index, serum transaminases, insulin, triglyceride, hepatic triglyceride, HOMA-IRI and degree of hepatic steatosis in the pioglitazone treatment group were significantly lower than those in 17-week model group (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05), while there were significant differences in comparison with 17-week normal group (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). The levels of serum cholesterol and hepatic cholesterol were higher in the pioglitazone treatment group and 17-week model group than 17-week normal group (P < 0.01), while there was no significant difference between the former two groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: By reducing blood triglycerides and ameliorating insulin sensitivity, pioglitazone has preventive and therapeutic effects on rats with fatty liver induced by high-fat feeding, and the preventive effects at earlier period are better.

目的:观察吡格列酮对大鼠高脂饮食性脂肪肝的预防和治疗作用,并对其预防和治疗的效果进行比较。方法:实验于2005-01/07在河南省实验动物中心和河南省肿瘤病理重点实验室进行。取36只SD大鼠单纯随机分为2个系列6组:①预防系列分为10周处死正常组(n=6)、10周处死模型组(n=6)和吡格列酮预防组(n=7)3个组,10周处死正常组给予标准饲料,其他2组给予高脂饮食(标准饲料的基础上加13%的猪油、2%的胆固醇),饲养3周时吡格列酮预防组给予盐酸吡格列酮(杭州中美华东制药有限公司生产)20mg/(kg·d)灌胃,其他2组等量蒸馏水灌胃,饲养10周均处死。②治疗系列分为17周处死正常组(n=5)、17周处死模型组(n=5)和吡格列酮治疗组(n=7)3个组,17周处死正常组给予标准饲料,其他2组给予高脂饮食,饲养10周时吡格列酮治疗组给予盐酸吡格列酮20mg/(kg·d)灌胃,其他2组等量蒸馏水灌胃,饲养17周均处死。观测各组动物终末体质量、血清转氨酶、血脂、血糖、胰岛素、肝内脂质含量及病理组织学改变。结果:32只大鼠进入结果分析。①预防系列组结果:吡格列酮预防组肝指数(肝质量/体质量)、血清和肝脏三酰甘油、HO...

目的:观察吡格列酮对大鼠高脂饮食性脂肪肝的预防和治疗作用,并对其预防和治疗的效果进行比较。方法:实验于2005-01/07在河南省实验动物中心和河南省肿瘤病理重点实验室进行。取36只SD大鼠单纯随机分为2个系列6组:①预防系列分为10周处死正常组(n=6)、10周处死模型组(n=6)和吡格列酮预防组(n=7)3个组,10周处死正常组给予标准饲料,其他2组给予高脂饮食(标准饲料的基础上加13%的猪油、2%的胆固醇),饲养3周时吡格列酮预防组给予盐酸吡格列酮(杭州中美华东制药有限公司生产)20mg/(kg·d)灌胃,其他2组等量蒸馏水灌胃,饲养10周均处死。②治疗系列分为17周处死正常组(n=5)、17周处死模型组(n=5)和吡格列酮治疗组(n=7)3个组,17周处死正常组给予标准饲料,其他2组给予高脂饮食,饲养10周时吡格列酮治疗组给予盐酸吡格列酮20mg/(kg·d)灌胃,其他2组等量蒸馏水灌胃,饲养17周均处死。观测各组动物终末体质量、血清转氨酶、血脂、血糖、胰岛素、肝内脂质含量及病理组织学改变。结果:32只大鼠进入结果分析。①预防系列组结果:吡格列酮预防组肝指数(肝质量/体质量)、血清和肝脏三酰甘油、HOMA胰岛素抵抗指数和肝脂变程度均显著低于10周处死模型组(P<0.01或P<0.05),与10周处死正常组比较差异不显著(P>0.05)。三组之间血清及肝内胆固醇浓度比较差异不显著(P>0.05)。②治疗系列组结果:吡格列酮治疗组肝指数、血清转氨酶、胰岛素、三酰甘油、肝脏三酰甘油、HOMA胰岛素抵抗指数和肝脂变程度均明显低于17周处死模型组(P<0.01或0.05),但与17周处死正常组比较仍有显著差异(P<0.01或P<0.05)。吡格列酮治疗组和17周处死模型组血清及肝内总胆固醇浓度高于17周处死正常组(P<0.01),但前2组间比较差异不显著(P>0.05)。结论:吡格列酮通过降脂和改善胰岛素敏感性,具有预防和治疗大鼠高脂饮食性脂肪肝的作用,但早期预防效果更佳。

 
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