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英国的
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  british
     Fluorescence spectrum of Nd∶GGG crystal was obtained under excitation with the 488 nm argon ion laser at room temperature with British fluorescence spectrometer,and the stimulated-emission cross-section is calculated to be 21.57×10~(-20)cm~2.
     采用英国的荧光光谱仪,在室温条件下,用波长为488nm的Ar离子激光器激发Nd:GGG晶体,获得了Nd:GGG晶体的荧光光谱,计算出的Nd∶GGG晶体的受激发射截面σ(λ)为21.57×10-20cm2。
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     British mainstream writers have made a unique contribution by exploring society from British philosophical and literary tradition.
     而英国的主流文学作家对科幻文学的贡献更是独特,他们从英国的文学和哲学的传统出发,用科幻文学的形式对社会进行探讨。
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     This thesis tries to review the past and present of government performance auditing questions as follows: the audit system, the audit law, audit goal and range,program, techniques and report by comparing the Chinese model of performance auditing with American and British.
     然后评述了政府绩效审计开展较早并且较好的美国与英国的政府绩效审计模式,分别从审计体制、法律依据、审计目标范围、审计程序方法和审计报告五个方面对美英先进政府绩效审计模式进行剖析,又从这五个方面探讨了我国政府绩效审计的现状,与美国、英国模式进行比较,揭示出我国政府绩效审计开展方面的不足;
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     THE BRITISH URBAN PLANNING SYSTEM
     英国的城市规划体系
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     British Pub Culture
     英国的酒吧文化
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  english
     The English Philanthropy during 1870-1914
     1870—1914年英国的慈善事业
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     English is the official language,Welsh,Gaelic,and Irish are the indigenous languages.
     英国的官方语言是英语,土著语言包括盖尔语(Gaelic)、爱尔兰语(Irish)和威尔士语(Welsh)等。
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     the sixth part is about the stylistic function of the English and Chinese nominalizing affixes, involving some statistics on English nominalization provided by Longman-Lancaster Corpus and London-Lund Corpus;
     第六部分指出了英汉词汇层面名物化的文体标志功能,其中引用了英国的朗曼—兰开斯特语料库(Longman-Lancaster Corpus)以及伦敦—郎德语料库(London-Lund Corpus)的一些有关英语词汇层面名物化的数据;
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     The English philanthropy took a large development in 1870-1914 for the reason of the history, social tradition and the change of the social economy.
     1870—1914年英国的慈善事业有了较大的发展,这种发展既有历史的原因,也有社会传统的原因,并与这一时期英国社会经济的变化直接相关。
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     The period from 1946 to 1969 was the efflorescence of English comparative law.
     1946年至1969年,英国的比较法进入了全盛时期。
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  “英国的”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Joseph Conrad (1857-1924) is a famous novelist of England.
     约瑟夫·康拉德(Joseph Conrad,1857-1924)是英国的著名小说家。
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     Bank of England
     英格兰银行——英国的中央银行
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     Curriculum and Teaching Quality Monitoring
     课程与教学质量监控——英国的经验对我们的启示
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     These are features of France industrial export different from that of Britain.
     这些不同之处和弱势之处也都是法国工业品出口有别于英国的特征
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     Sequence analysis indicated that the gene coding for gB of ILTV WG with2619bp in length is identical to those of ILTV strains Throne 882 and 632, and displayed
     对PgB、PgD进行序列分析,结果表明,ILTV王岗株gB基因的编码序列全长2619bp,与英国的Throne882和美国的632强毒株的gB基因序列完全一致,与SA2株相应序列的核苷酸同一性为99.8%。
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  british
The results compare favorably with data obtained by the British pharmacopoeia method.
      
Echolocation signals of the following dolphins have been measured with the symmetrical star array: white-beaked dolphins in Iceland, Atlantic spotted dolphins in the Bahamas, killer whales in British Columbia, and dusky dolphins in New Zealand.
      
The lectotypes of Muraenolepis marmorata Günther, 1880 (British Natural History Museum, BNHM) and M.
      
Based on this, we tested the hypothesis that it was possible to decrease the number of x-ray films obtained after a knee trauma without delayed fracture diagnosis by means of the Ottawa knee rules in British set up.
      
This structure was first proposed by British workers.
      
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  english
The effect of acid hydrolysis of English oak (Quercus robur L.) wood on its aroma-forming complex was studied.
      
Phenol Conjugation with Peptides and Final Transformations of Conjugates in English Ryegrass Seedlings
      
[1-14C]Phenol transformation in English ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) sterile seedlings was studied.
      
Birkhauser Dictionary of Human Biology - Birkhauser Worterbuch der Humanbiologie; English-German/Deutsch-English (Reuter, P., an
      
Lazebnik, "Can a Biologist Fix a Radio? - or, What I Learned while Studying Apoptosis" has already been published in English (Cancer Cell, 2002, 2, 179-182) and in Russian (Uspekhi Gerontologii, 2003, No.
      
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  brit
Both DQA1 and DQB1 genes are implicated in HLA-associated protection from type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus in a Brit
      
Evaluating the pin money hypothesis: The relationship between women's labour market activity, family income and poverty in Brit
      
Biochemical-genetic and ecological evidence that red/brown individuals of the anemone Actinia equina comprise two morphs in Brit
      
Deposition of dry solid particles of 2-micron diameter on leaves ofJuniperus scopulorum sarg, andPseudostsuga taxifolia (poir.) Brit was found to follow two different modes, which are dependent on dose.
      
Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Fl?he von Brit.-Kolumbien
      
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A newly developed synthesis of X-ray data for crystal analysis, called the point diagram synthesis, is compared with the classical Fouriers. The fundamental assumption in the method s first explained. A correlation matrix of index 10 is then quoted. Some mathematical properties of the correlation matrices, that is, the absolute convergence, and the h and μ-summation rules are described and illustrated. The method is next applied in parallel with the Fouriers to an arbitrary structure along with its two component...

A newly developed synthesis of X-ray data for crystal analysis, called the point diagram synthesis, is compared with the classical Fouriers. The fundamental assumption in the method s first explained. A correlation matrix of index 10 is then quoted. Some mathematical properties of the correlation matrices, that is, the absolute convergence, and the h and μ-summation rules are described and illustrated. The method is next applied in parallel with the Fouriers to an arbitrary structure along with its two component structures. The crystal NaCl is next studied, using the actual experimental data. It is shown that on the basis of exactly the same experimental data the inormation given by the two types of syntheses are entirely different. Conclusions about the method drawn in the previous articles are then discussed in the light of the new studies and approved once more.

作者曾在英国自然界发表渠所建立之棋式X光综合新法之大意。一时引起欧美同行兴趣及讨论。其中有表兴趣者,有对此新法是否比通用之符礼式综合法更为有用致疑。本文即将新旧二法应用於自然及理想晶体。比较其结果之优劣。此外并对新法之三种数学特性加以介绍。

Acetylcholine(I;X=OH,n=1)is a substance possessing intense physiological activity toward the vegetative nerves.It would be interesting to see the variation of physiological activity in the homologous series of choline esters(I). C_nH_(2n+1)·CO·OCH_2·CH_2·N~+(CH_3)_3X~- (I) The literature methods for the preparation of choline esters either by the interaction of β-halogen-substituted ethyl esters with trimethylamine or by the acylation of choline salts are not satisfactory in the purification of the products....

Acetylcholine(I;X=OH,n=1)is a substance possessing intense physiological activity toward the vegetative nerves.It would be interesting to see the variation of physiological activity in the homologous series of choline esters(I). C_nH_(2n+1)·CO·OCH_2·CH_2·N~+(CH_3)_3X~- (I) The literature methods for the preparation of choline esters either by the interaction of β-halogen-substituted ethyl esters with trimethylamine or by the acylation of choline salts are not satisfactory in the purification of the products. Loury prepared a few choline ester salts by the acylation of 2-dimethylaminoetha- nol and the subsequent quaternization of the tertiary amines so obtained,but he did not give the details including the physical constants and the analyses of the products.In the present work this method has been extended,a series of fatty acid esters of choline iodide has been synthesized.The products are well-defined crystalline solids.The lower members of the series are soluble in water,methanol or ethanol;the higher members are only slightly soluble,and the solid substances are greasy and the solutions are soap-like.The higher members gave two melting points,heating to high temperature caused the decomposition of these compounds, trimethylamine hydroiodide was isolated in several cases. When these compounds were used on the isolated rabbits' heart the lower members produced an acetylcholine-like effect,i.e.a slowing of the heart rate, the octanoyl compound was more or less inactive,and from then onwards with increasing chain-length an increasing degree of inhibition of the response to acetyl- choline was produced.From the decanoyl compound onwards with increasing chain length they inhibited spontaneous gastric secretion and the secretion of the vagotomised stomach stimulated by prostigmine in the rats as well if administered intramuscularly.

2-二甲氨基乙醇用相应的脂醯氯醯化后得到的叔胺再用碘甲烷季铵化,合成了一系列晶体的胆碱脂酸酯氢碘酸盐,其中并包括了两个不饱和脂酸酯.在这系列化合物中,短链的化合物对神经系统的作用与乙醯胆碱相仿,但长链化合物却抑制了乙醯胆碱的作用.致谢:本文大部分实验工作系在英国 Birmingham 大学药理系所作,作者对 A.C.Frazer教授的鼓励与协助致谢.

Through graphical investigation of Soviet coal and Chinese coal, the follow-ing important conclusions are obtained. (1) The inadequacy of old coal classification methods is discussed and anentirely new method of coal classification with volatile matter on combustiblebasis as abssicca and the coal characteristic coefficient β=2.35((H~P-0.126O~P+0.04N~P)/(C~P+0.375S_?~Pas ordinate is proposed, The graphical charts show perfectly satisfactory withthe different kinds of coal located in perfectly distinct areas of...

Through graphical investigation of Soviet coal and Chinese coal, the follow-ing important conclusions are obtained. (1) The inadequacy of old coal classification methods is discussed and anentirely new method of coal classification with volatile matter on combustiblebasis as abssicca and the coal characteristic coefficient β=2.35((H~P-0.126O~P+0.04N~P)/(C~P+0.375S_?~Pas ordinate is proposed, The graphical charts show perfectly satisfactory withthe different kinds of coal located in perfectly distinct areas of classification.Thus the detailed classification which the old methods fail to give out, is perfectlypossible with the new method. (2) The ultimate composition of coal on combustible basis, like C~2, 0~2, H~2,N~2 and the analytical moisture, W~a and their variation with the volatile matteron combustible basis and with each other is graphically investigated and it isfound that their variation with each other proceeded with distinct regularitywith the exception of sulphur and ash, so that their composition percentage canbe approximatety estimated with rough accuracy through these graphs and theclose check of analytical results of ultimate composition can be carried outthrough the use of these graphs. (3) a general relationship in the proximate and ultimate composition of the pure coal substance on combustible basis for typical Chinese coals can bederived with the following straight line formula for the average percentage of car-ben on combustible basis in terms of the volatile matter on combustible basisin the region of bituminous coal: C~2=93.3-(V~2/4.55) during (8

此文系用图解方法进行研究: (Ⅰ)煤的分类方法,以何种方法为最合适(图解图1—9); (Ⅱ)煤的成分变化是否有一定的规律,及其相互间是否有一定的关系(图解图10—20); (Ⅲ)煤的原素分析与实用分析间的关系(图解图21—23); (Ⅳ)煤的发热量的变化(图解图24—28); (Ⅴ)燃煤所需理论空气量、理论乾烟气量及湿烟气量的变化(图解图29—31)。原始资料系利用:(1)中国各地产煤实用分析; (2)中国东北区及华北区原素分析; (3)苏联全苏热工研究所公布的固体及液体燃料的计算特性数据; (4)英国及德国的数据。图解研究结果,得出结论: 1.新的煤分类方法,以纯燃质挥发物为分类基础而同时结合煤的特性系数β的方法为最合适,或可认为近百年间国际间,对煤分类法的一个很重大的建议。 2.煤的成分变化,极有规律而成分间具有一定的关系。 3.煤的原素分析与实用分析间的关系,可用平均数值推演估计,而比较正确数据,可根据图解估计, 或可利用图解核对分析数据。 4.煤的发热量,即纯燃质氧弹发热量的变化极有规律,可用平均数据,利用近似公式推算,或按照肯定的煤的类别,根据图解来比较正确的估计,或利用图解核对试验的数据。 5.燃...

此文系用图解方法进行研究: (Ⅰ)煤的分类方法,以何种方法为最合适(图解图1—9); (Ⅱ)煤的成分变化是否有一定的规律,及其相互间是否有一定的关系(图解图10—20); (Ⅲ)煤的原素分析与实用分析间的关系(图解图21—23); (Ⅳ)煤的发热量的变化(图解图24—28); (Ⅴ)燃煤所需理论空气量、理论乾烟气量及湿烟气量的变化(图解图29—31)。原始资料系利用:(1)中国各地产煤实用分析; (2)中国东北区及华北区原素分析; (3)苏联全苏热工研究所公布的固体及液体燃料的计算特性数据; (4)英国及德国的数据。图解研究结果,得出结论: 1.新的煤分类方法,以纯燃质挥发物为分类基础而同时结合煤的特性系数β的方法为最合适,或可认为近百年间国际间,对煤分类法的一个很重大的建议。 2.煤的成分变化,极有规律而成分间具有一定的关系。 3.煤的原素分析与实用分析间的关系,可用平均数值推演估计,而比较正确数据,可根据图解估计, 或可利用图解核对分析数据。 4.煤的发热量,即纯燃质氧弹发热量的变化极有规律,可用平均数据,利用近似公式推算,或按照肯定的煤的类别,根据图解来比较正确的估计,或利用图解核对试验的数据。 5.燃煤所需理论空气量,理论乾烟气量及湿烟气量均可用近似公式推算。

 
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