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  timber
     Among them,398species are medicinal plants,118ornamental plants,111timber plants,69wild fruit plants,39oil-bearing plants,38aromatic plants,27starch plants,27fiber plants,26tannic plants,20honey plants.
     药用植物398种、观赏植物118种,用材树种111种、野生水果69种、油脂植物39种、芳香植物38种、淀粉植物27种、纤维植物27种、鞣料植物26种、蜜源植物20种。
短句来源
     Among them, 12 species are national key protected plants, 20 are rare and endangered plants, 619 medicinal plants, 146 timber plants, 110 ornamental plants, 96 fiber plants, 92 fruit plants, 67 oilbearing plants, 55 fodder plants, 41 tannic plants, 30 aromatic plants and 27 starch plants.
     这些植物中,国家重点保护野生植物12种,珍稀濒危植物20种; 药用植物619种、用材树种146种、观赏植物110种、纤维植物96种、野生水果92种、油脂植物67种、饲料植物55种、鞣料植物41种、芳香植物30种、淀粉植物27种.
短句来源
     Among the plants found,there are 1 005 wild vascular plants that belong to 533 genera,175 families and 539 were medicinal plants,135 timber plants,104 ornamental plants,83 fiberrous plants,82 wild fruit tree,73 oil-bearing plants,45 forage plants,39 tannic plants,30 wild vegetable plants,30 pesticide plants.
     在这些植物中,有药用植物539种、用材树种135种、观赏植物104种、纤维植物83种、野生水果82种、油脂植物73种、饲料植物45种、鞣料植物39种、野菜植物30种、农药植物30种。
短句来源
     Design and realization of database system of main timber tree species in Zhejiang
     浙江省主要用材树种数据库系统设计与实现
短句来源
     Information Management System of Main Timber Trees in Northwesten China Based on Diplex Architecture Model of C/S and B/S
     基于C/S和B/S双重模式的西北地区主要用材树种信息管理系统研究与开发
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  timber wood
     To develop eucalyptus—an effective way to deal with the shortage of timber wood for pulping inChina——A suggestion for the “11th Five-year Plan” of papermaking industry
     开发桉树是有效缓解中国制浆用材短缺的有效途径——对造纸行业制定“十一五”规划的建议
短句来源
     Pinus massoniana is the unique local species of trees in the subtropical area of our country. It distributes most broadly and keeps the most abundant resources in our country. It is not only the valuable pioneer species for planting the barren hill in our country, it is also the important species of trees for timber wood, the paper-making, and natural biological energy.
     马尾松(Pinus massoniana Lamb.)是我国亚热带地区特有的乡土树种,也是我国绿化荒山的先锋树种和重要的用材、造纸、生物质能源树种,在我国松类中分布最广、资源最多。
短句来源
     2. herbaceous plant, young plant and economic wood-plant were respectively damaged more seriousely than wood-plant, adult plant, timber wood and fuel wood;
     ②SO2对被害植物的危害程度,草本植物比木本植物受害严重,年幼植株比成年植株易遭危害,木本经济植物受害重于木本用材、薪炭植物;
短句来源
     The economic scale under the present situation, the one after the timber wood price is to be the same with that on the international market and the influence of the appreciation of RMB on the economic scale are calculated through the calculation of influence of the raw timber price and the exchange rate on the pulp economic scale.
     通过对木材原料价格和汇率对纸浆经济规模的影响进行测算,得出现状下的纸浆生产经济规模和用材价格与国际接轨后的经济规模,以及人民币升值对经济规模的影响程度。
短句来源
     This article reviewed the traditional energy conservation construction surrounding protection structure timber wood present situation and the question,introduced one kind of new environmental protection heatpreservation thermal insulation material.
     分析了目前节能建筑围护结构用材的保温材料问题,介绍了一种新型环保保温隔热材料———FHP-Vc复合硅酸盐保温隔热板及其在节能建筑中的应用。
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  “用材”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The result showedthat 1Cr18Ni9Ti in existing use was notsuitable for chlorine methane rectifying colu-mns, and 00Cr25Ni22Mo4.5Cu and TA2were suitable in the conditions thronghsimulative tests of materials selection .
     1Cr18Ni9Ti不适于作上述用材,00Cr25Ni22Mo4.5Cu、TA2是该条件下较理想的耐蚀材料。
短句来源
     It is proved that this technique is accurate, rapid and material saving in view of the measurement results of the L2/Al2O3f, Al-4.5Cu/Al2 O3f and LD2/SiCw composites.
     对L2/Al_2O_(3f),Al-4.5Cu/Al_2O_(3f)和LD2/SiCw三种体系复合材料的测量结果表明,该方法测量结果准确、快速、用材少。
     The results showed that the resistance to cavitation corrosion of 1Cr18Mn14N stainless steel in 01mol/L HCl solution was higher than that of 0Cr13Ni5Mo stainless steel.
     结果表明 :在 0 .1mol/LHCl溶液中 ,加工硬化能力高的 1Cr18Mn14N不锈钢的抗空蚀性能优于水轮机常规用材 0Cr13Ni5Mo ;
短句来源
     The growth, truncal form and adaptation of 5 Salix × jiangsuensis clones(J799,J795,J903,J802,J308) for pulp and pitwood have been comparatively studied with Salix jiangsuensis CL ‘J172’ as CK.
     研究以纸浆和矿柱工业用材为目的5个苏柳无性系(J799,J795,J903,J802,J308)的生长、干形及适应性,用苏柳172为对照。
短句来源
     321 species are medicinal plants, 65 species are timer plants, 60 species are ornamental plants,41 species are fiber plants, 33 species are wild fruits, 38 species are oil plants, 42 species are forage plants, 42 species are tanning plants, 25 species are wild vegetables, 27 species are pesticide plants, 26 species are scent plants, 23 species are starch plants, 19 species are health plants, 13 species are dye plants, 10 species are venomousness plants, 5 species are honey-resource plants.
     公园中经济植物可分为12 类,分别是药用植物321 种,用材树种65 种,观赏植物60 种,纤维植物41 种,野生水果33 种,油脂植物38 种,饲料植物42 种,鞣料植物42 种,野菜植物25 种,农药植物27 种,芳香植物26 种,淀粉植物23 种,保健植物19 种,染料植物13 种,有毒植物10 种,蜜源植物5 种。
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  timber
Import analysis of China's major timber products in 2004
      
Timber import is an important and integral part of China's timber trade.
      
But in real production, radial sawn timber are cut and are also widely used as vibration component.
      
Therefore, it is very important to evaluate the vibration properties of the board in the round, especially for the sound radiation characteristic of radial sawn timber and its relationship to longitudinal sawn timber.
      
However, for the national and international experts, researches on radial sawn timber and its role and function in sound emission have not yet been developed.
      
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  timber wood
Ethnobotanical Study of Fuelwood and Timber Wood Consumption and Replenishment in Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
      


As a result of an avifaunal survey conducted in Lanchow, Lintao, wushan and their vicinity during 1948—1962, more than 1000 specimens were collected. They were found to belong to 19 orders, 48 families and 198 species. The number of species in various orders and families may be listed as follows: Order Ⅰ. Colymbiformes Ⅱ. Palecaniformes Ⅲ. Ciconiiformes Ⅳ. Anseriformes Ⅴ. Falconiformes Ⅵ. Galliformes Ⅶ. Gruiformes Ⅷ. Otidiformes Ⅸ. Ralliformes Ⅹ. Charadriformes Ⅺ. Lariformes Ⅻ. Columbiformes ⅩⅢ. Coraciiformes...

As a result of an avifaunal survey conducted in Lanchow, Lintao, wushan and their vicinity during 1948—1962, more than 1000 specimens were collected. They were found to belong to 19 orders, 48 families and 198 species. The number of species in various orders and families may be listed as follows: Order Ⅰ. Colymbiformes Ⅱ. Palecaniformes Ⅲ. Ciconiiformes Ⅳ. Anseriformes Ⅴ. Falconiformes Ⅵ. Galliformes Ⅶ. Gruiformes Ⅷ. Otidiformes Ⅸ. Ralliformes Ⅹ. Charadriformes Ⅺ. Lariformes Ⅻ. Columbiformes ⅩⅢ. Coraciiformes ⅩⅣ. Piciformes ⅩⅩ. Cuculiformes ⅩⅥ. Apodiformes ⅩⅦ. Caprimulgiformes ⅩⅧ. Strigiformes ⅩⅨ. Passeriformes Families No. of species 1. Colymbidae……………………2 2. Phalacrocoracidae……………1 3. Ardeidae………………………6 4. Ciconidae………………………1 5. Threskiornithidae……………1 6. Anatidae………………………15 7. Accipitridae…………………9 8. Falconidae……………………4 9. Phasianidae……………………5 10. Gruidae…………………………1 11. Otidae……………………………1 12. Rallidae…………………………3 13. Charadriidae……………………4 14. Scolopacidae……………………12 15. Recurvirostridae………………2 16. Laridae……………………………2 17. Columbidae…………………………5 18. Upupidae……………………………1 19. Alcedinidae…………………………2 20. Pieidae………………………………4 21. Cuculidae……………………………3 22. Apodidae………………………………2 23. Caprimulgidae………………………1 24. Strigidae………………………………4 25. Corvidae………………………………10 26. Cinclidae………………………………1 27. Sturnidae………………………………3 28. Dicruridac………………………1 29. Oriolidae…………………………1 30. Ploceidae…………………………3 31. Fringillidae……………………13 32. Motacillidae……………………8 33. Troglodytidae……………………1 34. Muscicapidae ① Turdinae………………………21 ② Sylviinae………………………9 ③ Timaliinae………………………7 ④ Muscicapinae……………………3 35. Paridae………………………………3 36. Laniidae ………………………………3 37. Bombycillidae…………………………1 38. Certhiidae………………………………1 39. Sittidae…………………………………1 40. Hirundinidae……………………………4 41. Campephagidae……………………………1 42. Prunellidae………………………………1 43. Alaudidae…………………………………5 As to the fauna of the species listed above,to appertain to Palaearctic region are 33 species,making up 41.8 per cent our collection; 36 species are found to be of the Orientae region, only 18.2 per cent of the total number; other 79 species, about 40 per cent, are of both regions. Based on the rasults of stomach-contents examination, it has been shown that 58% of the species are the common insect-eating forms, such as Cuculus, Picus, Upupa. Cynopica, Apus, Raparia, Hurundo, Phenicurus, Lanius, Turdus and Parus. They are of the dominant. They are beneficial to crops and should thus be put under protection. Birds like Colomba, Streptopelia, Alectoris, Phasianus, Mergus, Botaurus, Corvus (C. monedula), Passer, etc., are harmful to agriculture or fishery and should thus be controlled.

研究結果表明:在兰州、临洮、武山及其附近棲息着193种鳥类,分隶于19目、43科,其中24种为甘肃省新紀录。区系成份上古北界的占41.8%,东洋界的占13.2%,其余40%为上述两界的兼有种。收集了177种鳥类食性分析资料,統計結果为:食虫鳥占53.1%,食脊椎动物的占16%——其中約三分之一主食齿类,食谷物的占30.9%——其中五分之一食昆虫且全部覓食杂草种籽,故本区鳥类有一定的經济意义。指出:雨燕目、鵑形目、鴷形目以及雀形目中的燕科、鸫亚科、鶯科、山雀科等鳥类为本区食虫鳥的优势种,应予保护。建議对石鸡、雉及兰馬鸡应划定禁猎区以豐富动物資源。累积了21項鸟类繁殖的资料,說明鳥类的筑巢方式、用材各有其特点且带有遺傳性质。报导了50种鸟类迁移的資料,可供掌握本区鳥类活动規律的参考。最后认为:人的經济活动对鳥类影响很大,举兰州小西湖、雁滩中滩河自然景观变动前后鳥类组成变化說明;鳥类对巢区有依恋性。了解这一現象有很重要的理論及实踐意义,据此,可創造一定条件招引益鳥。

The present paper contributes a knowledge of the wood structure of Tsoongioden- dron odorum Chun,a new monotypic genus of the family Magnoliaceae.The anato- mical features of this wood are described as follows. Wood diffuse-porous;pores 53—80 per sq.mm.,solitary or multiple in radial groups of 2—3(may up to 7),pore clusters also oceured but rare,more or less angular in shape;vessel perforations scaraliform,with 1—8 bars,generally 2—3 or 4,inter- vascular pittings searaliform,fine spiral thiekenings also present,vessel...

The present paper contributes a knowledge of the wood structure of Tsoongioden- dron odorum Chun,a new monotypic genus of the family Magnoliaceae.The anato- mical features of this wood are described as follows. Wood diffuse-porous;pores 53—80 per sq.mm.,solitary or multiple in radial groups of 2—3(may up to 7),pore clusters also oceured but rare,more or less angular in shape;vessel perforations scaraliform,with 1—8 bars,generally 2—3 or 4,inter- vascular pittings searaliform,fine spiral thiekenings also present,vessel segments 650—1020 μ,generally 1500 μ long;wood rays of heterogeneous type IIB rarely IIA with 1,sometimes 2—3 rows of upright cells on both margins,oil cells present in some occasion,uniseriate rays 3—9 cells,135—270 μ,generally about 7 ceils,185 μ high, the multiseriate rays up to 7 cells,65 μ,generally 2—3 cells,45 μ wide and 14—32 cells 415—830 μ,generally about 28 cells,621 μ in height;fiber tracheids 650—2000 μ, generally 1500 μ long;wood parenchyma terminal,narrow banded(2—3 cells wide), rarely in paratracheal scanty. The present work agrees with that Prof.Chun(1963)claimed that the affinity of this genus lies closer to the genera Michelia and Talauma macromorphologically, but so far as the wood structures are concerned,the present genus is quite similar to Michelia and less similar to Talauma.

香花木(Tsoongiodendron odorum Chun)是较近在我国发表的木兰科中的一个新的单种属——香花木属的代表。这种植物的标本远在卅年代初期即已在我省的海南和乐昌等地采得;解放后又在我省的茂名、高要、英德、仁化及乳源等地相继发现。它的树干挺直,木材细致,树冠密茂,花芬芳,不仅是细木工良好的用材,同时又是优美的行道树种;数量虽然不多,但在我省分布广,因此有推广繁殖的价值。从植物分类学的角度来看,木兰科

Dahurian larches[Large gimelini] were important timber trees, growing very commonly in our Northeastern forest. Since 1976, larch cankers have been observed on dahurian larches. The pathogenic fungi are Trichoscyphella willkommii[Hart.] Nannf. They may occur as a serious disease on twigs and stems of the plantatio ns, the natural regenerating young crops and the natural overmatured stock trees, but the natural regenerated young crops had the highest percentages of pathogenic fungi attacks. The lowest percentages...

Dahurian larches[Large gimelini] were important timber trees, growing very commonly in our Northeastern forest. Since 1976, larch cankers have been observed on dahurian larches. The pathogenic fungi are Trichoscyphella willkommii[Hart.] Nannf. They may occur as a serious disease on twigs and stems of the plantatio ns, the natural regenerating young crops and the natural overmatured stock trees, but the natural regenerated young crops had the highest percentages of pathogenic fungi attacks. The lowest percentages of pathogenic fungi attacks were 21%, the highest-97%, as a general, the percentages of pathogenic fungi attacks were 50%, the twigs attacked by this disease could produce the fusiform cankers, the stems could produce a variety of forms of cankers and occur the symptoms of resin flows. On the surfaces of cankers persisted concentric protuberances of cankers traumata. If trees attacked from year to year,the trees were hard to recover from this disease. On the margins of cankers traumata produced some discoid fructifications, which were white outside and orange-yellow inside,diseased trees of natural stands were the source of infection of plantations, seriously attacked, frostbite and sun burn caused by tremendous temperature difference were the essential infective matter. Buds, twigs and barks died back from freeze injury were essential infection gate of pathogenic fungi. Precautionary measures were proposed that:we had to reconnoiter the state of disease development, carry out quarantine in the cultivated regions, improve tbe stands conditions, reforest mixed crops, don't reforest in the low-lying lands and in the cutting-blank of larch, adsivably increase the primary density of plantations, in order to escape from frostbite, at formation period, make intermediate cutting in time, carefully make prunning reduce infection gate and chance invaded by pathogenic fungi.

兴安落叶松[Larix gmslini]是我国东北林区分布广泛的重要用材树种。自1976年发现了癌肿病。病原菌是韦氏毛杯菌[Trichoscpphella willommii(Hart.)Nannf.]。病害发生在人工林、天然更新幼林和过熟的天然母树上的枝与干上,显然幼令林的发病率最高。发病率最低为21%,最高为97%,一般为50%。枝病后发生棱形癌肿,干病后发生各种形状的癌肿和流脂病状,癌肿表面有同心环状的突起溃疡伤。一旦发病年年发展,极难恢复。在溃疡伤的边缘产生盘状子实体,外白内橙黄。天然林中的病树,是人工林大面积发病的侵染来源。霜冻与温差大所造成的日灼伤,是发病的重要诱因,被冻死的芽和小枝以及皮部,是病菌的最有可能的主要侵染途径。建议防治措施应包括:普查病情、域内检疫,提高林分卫生标准、造混交林、不在低洼地和落叶松迹地上造林、适当加大初植密度以防冻害、成林后适时间伐、精心修枝,以减少侵染来源和病菌的侵染机会。

 
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