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用尽
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  exhaustion
    Comment on the Relationship between the Exhaustion of Exclusive Rights and the Trade Liberalization Policy
    论权利用尽原则和贸易自由化的关系
短句来源
    To approach the legality, the theories are developed : Right exhaustion principle and Region principle .
    一般来讲分为“国内用尽”、“区域用尽”、“国际用尽”三种权利用尽原则,而各国都根据本国的法律制度和经济政策的发展情况选择了一定的商标权利用尽机制。
短句来源
    In chapter 3, the author analyzes some special issues in pharmaceutical patent field combining with the Doha proclaim ,such as the effectiveness of the proclaim ,the objectives and principles of the TRIPS agreement ,compulsory license , exhaustion of patent rights and parallel importation .
    文章第三章结合多哈会议达成的《TRIPS协议与公共健康宣言》分析了药品专利中的一些特殊问题。 这些问题涉及宣言的效力、TRIPS协议的原则宗旨的作用、强制许可、权利用尽与平行进口等。
短句来源
    Under the principle of exhaustion of rights, intellectual property rights holders lose control over their own brands after the goods have been put on the market somewhere else by the trademark owner or with its consent.
    权利穷竭原则是指经知识产权人或其授权的人许可而生产的知识产权产品,在第一次投放市场后,权利人即丧失了对它的控制权,其权利被认为用尽,不管该商品以后再怎样分销、转卖均不构成侵权。
短句来源
    Then in Chapter 2, the author introduces two principles, i. e. Principle of Territory Exhaustion and Exhaustion of Rights, which opposes or supports Patent Parallel Imports.
    其中权利用尽原则又可分为权利用尽理论和默示许可理论,它们被认为是支持平行进口的理论支柱; 而地域性原则及其表现——国内用尽理论和区域用尽理论则是反对平行进口的理由。
短句来源
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  “用尽”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The third part Is it use up principle about regional principle and right to analyse , define it in solve patented product to be parallel to import the value of the the problem.
    一般来说,反对专利产品平行进口的国家以地域性原则作为理论依据,支持专利产品平行进口的国家以权利用尽原则为理论支持。
短句来源
    In Chapter 1, the author briefly introduces the basic concept, characteristics of patent parallel imports and the reason for its forming as the beginning of this thesis.
    笔者在本文第一章简要地概括了专利平行进口的基本概念、特征及形成原因,作为理解本文的起点。 第二章中,笔者引入了关于平行进口的两大原则——权利用尽原则和地域性原则。
短句来源
    In the second part of the article analyses emphatically the existing state of trade liberalization policy and the global economics influence of trade liberalization policy ;
    接着引出了在国际贸易过程中存在的因对权利用尽原则不同规定而产生的知识产权壁垒,分析了知识产权壁垒的特点及其对国际贸易的负面影响。
短句来源
    Parallel import of patented production should be banned according to the rules of full usage, locality and license of patent right.
    从专利权用尽规则、专利权地域性规则、专利权许可规则出发 ,专利产品平行进口应予禁止 ;
短句来源
    Utilizing the right of the WTO can make the market-oriented reform put forward.
    加入WTO要用尽WTO的权利才能尽最大可能促进我国的社会主义市场化改革的进行。
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  exhaustion
Under these conditions, Mycelia sterilia decomposed no more than 25% of the lignin in 60 days, but this was observed only after polysaccharide exhaustion and biomass accumulation.
      
The simultaneous increase in the adrenal index and decrease in the liver index of rodents in autumn are indicative of exhaustion, which leads to an energy breakdown and mass mortality.
      
Comparison of experiments III and II with experiment I is used to discuss the negative effect of changes in certain microclimatic indices associated with global warming and leading to plant exhaustion and death from frost in spring.
      
At these equally effective concentrations staphylokinase in 4 h induced a significantly lesser exhaustion of the plasma plasminogen, α2-antiplasmin, and fibrinogen than scu-PA.
      
Synergic combinations of the two agents caused lesser exhaustion of plasma plasminogen, α2-antiplasmin, and fibrinogen as compared with the expected total effect of these agents used separately.
      
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Abstract Based on the argument of the International Court of Justice,this article puts forward three points of view concerning the solution of international economic disputes:1.The international economic disputes are transnational.In solving these disputes,international law is applied,but interemational legal procedure is not always followed.2.In cases where the transnational economic disputes arise,the foreign legal person must exhaust the local remedies...

Abstract Based on the argument of the International Court of Justice,this article puts forward three points of view concerning the solution of international economic disputes:1.The international economic disputes are transnational.In solving these disputes,international law is applied,but interemational legal procedure is not always followed.2.In cases where the transnational economic disputes arise,the foreign legal person must exhaust the local remedies in the hosting state.It is only when the denial of justice occurs that the national state can exercise the right of diplomatic protection.3.The right of diplomatic protection may be generally exercised by the national state of the foreign legal person,but in some particular circumstances,the national states of the shareholders can also exercise this right. The object of the protection is their legal rights,but not their busimess interest.

本文根据国际法院的观点对国际经济争端的解决提出三点看法:(1)国际经济争端是跨国性的争端,其解决可以适用国际法但不能完全适用国际法的解决程序;(2)发生跨国经济争端时外国法人必须在经营地国用尽当地救济方法,只有在遇到拒绝司法的场合才可以由其国籍国行使外交保护,争端才可以依国际法程序解决;(3)外交保护权一般只能由外国法人的国籍国行使,但在特殊场合,股东国籍国也可以为其国民行使外交保护。保护的对象只能是他们的法律权利,不是他们的经营利益。

A problem badly needs to be solved in the field of intellectual property right is how to regulate and control legally parallel import of patented production. Parallel import of patented production should be banned according to the rules of full usage, locality and license of patent right. But, trade liberalization calls for that production should be allowed to go freely between countries. TRIPs agreements do not make any regulation on parallel import of patented production but allowing the member-state to...

A problem badly needs to be solved in the field of intellectual property right is how to regulate and control legally parallel import of patented production. Parallel import of patented production should be banned according to the rules of full usage, locality and license of patent right. But, trade liberalization calls for that production should be allowed to go freely between countries. TRIPs agreements do not make any regulation on parallel import of patented production but allowing the member-state to make its decision on whether allow it or not, itself simply because so many economic interests are involved and the states concerned are difficult to agree on it. At present, Various legal regulations and controls on it are taken in the United States, Japan and the European Union. In such a international environment, China should ban it in the consideration of our special situation. Of course, we should pay close attention to the trend of legal regulation and control of parallel import of patented production and should be ready to make corresponding adjustment on related rules in time when the situation changes so as to face the new challenges.

对专利产品平行进口如何进行法律调控是知识产权领域亟待解决的问题。从专利权用尽规则、专利权地域性规则、专利权许可规则出发 ,专利产品平行进口应予禁止 ;而贸易自由化则要求商品能在各国之间自由流通。由于专利产品平行进口涉及多方面的经济利益 ,各国意见难以一致 ,因而 ,TRIPs协议对此未作统一规定 ,而由各成员国自行决定禁止与否。目前 ,美国、日本、欧盟对此采取不同的法律调控。在这种国际环境下 ,为维护我国利益 ,我们应禁止专利产品平行进口。但是 ,应密切关注世界各国对专利产品平行进口法律调控的发展态势 ,做好相应的准备 ,以便在情况变化时 ,及时调整我国专利法的相关规定 ,应对新的挑战。

The accession of China in the WTO is an important event to the development of the international economic system and domestic economic system.Utilizing the right of the WTO can make the market-oriented reform put forward.Having an exact understanding of the WTO is the basis to meet the challenge of the WTO.The article analyses some problems in the understanding of the WTO and the necessity of the reform of the domestic economic law,and providing certain policies.

 中国加入WTO,无论是对国际经济秩序还是国内经济秩序的发展都是一件重大事件。加入WTO要用尽WTO的权利才能尽最大可能促进我国的社会主义市场化改革的进行。而应对WTO挑战和抓住机遇的基础是对WTO有一个正确的认识。本文分析了对WTO的认识及国内经济法改革的必要性,并提出了相应的对策。

 
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