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幽门
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  helicobacter
    Gastric Carcinogenesis Induced by Helicobacter Pylori-through Mitochondria-Cytochrome C Apoptotic Pathway
    幽门螺杆菌通过线粒体—细胞色素C凋亡途径对胃癌发生的影响
短句来源
    The Mechanism of PC-SPES Inhibits Cell Proliferation and the Association between Helicobacter Pylori Infection and the Gastric Cancer
    PC-SPES抑制细胞增殖的机制及胃癌与幽门螺杆菌关系的研究
短句来源
    Experiment Study on the Pathogenesis of Gastric Carcinoma by Helicobacter Pylori and the Mechanism of Chemoprevention
    幽门螺杆菌促癌与胃癌化学预防机制的实验研究
短句来源
    A Study on the Relationship of Helicobacter Pylori Infection and Gastric Cancer
    幽门螺杆菌感染与胃癌发生的关系研究
短句来源
    HELICOBACTER PYLORI、ITS RELATION TO CHRONIC GASTRITIS、PEPTIC ULCER AND GASTRIC CARCINOMA
    幽门螺旋菌与慢性胃炎、消化性溃疡及胃癌的关系
短句来源
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  pylorus
    Evaluation of pylorus ring preserving jejunal interposition and oesophagus jejunum Roux-en-Y reconstruction after total gastrectomy
    全胃切除术后保留幽门环间置空肠消化道重建与食管空肠Roux-en-Y吻合的应用价值
短句来源
    Compared to the CAG group, insufficiency of the spleen qi group were higher in the frequency of mucosa karyokinesis in the pylorus of stomach( P <0.01),the frequency of lymph follicle of proper mucous membrane in cardia of stomach( P <0.05), and higher in the expression of P 53 oncogene.
    与CAG组比较,脾气虚型CAG组幽门粘膜核分裂相频数显著增加(P<0.01),贲门固有层淋巴滤泡频数增加(P<0.05),小凹上皮异型改变明显。
短句来源
    Methods Among the 5 cases, 4 cases were examined by X ray while other one by the hypotonic duodenography, among them one case was diagnosed by B type ultrasonic wave and X ray, one case diagnosed by X ray and endoscope, another case diagnosed by CT was suffered by pylorus obstruction.
    方法  5例中 4例进行X线检查 ,1例低张造影 ,其中X线与B超确诊 1例 ,X线与内镜确诊 1例 ,CT诊断幽门梗阻 1例。
短句来源
    The number of MMC in the antrum was lower than that in the duodenum after the operation. The mean duration of MMC of the antrum, pylorus and duodenum was (49 2±10 5 ) min, (46 5±10 4 ) min and (45 9±10 0) min respectively.
    MMC周期平均持续时间 :胃窦 (49 2± 10 5 )min ,幽门 (46 5± 10 4 )min ,十二指肠 (45 9± 10 0 )min ;
短句来源
    The mean duration of phases Ⅲ was respectively (6 7±3 5) min in the antrum, (10 0±3 5) min in pylorus, and (8 0±3 9 ) min in duodenum.
    MMCⅢ相平均持续时间 :胃窦 (6 7± 3 5 )min ,幽门 (10 0± 3 5 )min ,十二指肠 (8 0± 3 9)min。
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  “幽门”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Relationship Between Campylobactor Pyloridis Infection and Antritis in Gastric Diseases
    胃部疾患时幽门弯曲菌与胃窦部炎症关系的探讨
短句来源
    Influence of CP infection to PAS positive mucin in gastric surface epithelium
    幽门弯曲菌感染对胃粘膜上皮细胞内PAS阳性粘液的影响
短句来源
    STUDY OF 5—HYDROXYTRYPTAMTNE IMMUNOREACTIVE CELLS IN ANTRAL MUCOSA OF HUMAN WITH GASTRIC CANCER
    人体胃癌期间胃窦粘膜幽门腺5—TH样免疫反应细胞研究
短句来源
    Combined determination of CEA,β_2-MG and Hp-Ab in gastric juice and serum of patients with gastric diseases
    胃病患者胃液、血清癌胚抗原、β_2-微球蛋白和幽门螺杆菌抗体的联合检测
短句来源
    Experimental Study of Carcinoma of the Gastric Stump after Dylorus and Antroseromuscular Flap Preserving Subtotal Gastrectomy in Rats
    保留幽门—胃窦浆肌瓣式胃次全切除术后再发胃癌的实验研究
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  helicobacter
Comparative Analysis of Proteome Maps of Helicobacter pylori Clinical Isolates
      
The gram-negative bacterium Helicobacter pylori is found in human gastric mucosa.
      
Comparative Analysis of Different Typing Methods for Helicobacter pylori Clinical Isolates
      
The goal of the present work was to compare different techniques of molecular typing using as an example clinical isolates of Helicobacter pylori obtained from patients in different regions of Russia.
      
Comparative Analysis of Transcription Profiles of Helicobacter pylori Clinical Isolates
      
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  pylorus
Heterogenous distribution of peptide-containing nerve fibres within the circular muscle layer of the human pylorus
      
The narrow region of the circular muscle layer bordering the submucosa in the pylorus contained a rich supply of VIP, SP, ENK and CGRP immunoreactive fibres; VIP fibres were most prominent with less SP and ENK fibres and moderate amounts of CGRP.
      
In the acute situation, intravenous erythromycin may alleviate gastroparesis, but probably exerts little beneficial effect beyond the pylorus; parenteral metoclopramide may be tried, but, here again, convincing evidence of efficacy is lacking.
      
In patients for whom all medical therapy fails, other options that are tried at experienced centers include the injection of botulinum toxin into the pylorus, placement of a feeding jejunostomy, and/or placement of a gastric electrical stimulator.
      
Surgical resection in the form of pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy remains the optimal solution in the attempt to clarify the diagnosis and offer treatment with low complication rates.
      
更多          


Thirteen cases of early gastric cancer are reported. The diagnosis first made by gastrofiberscopic and histologic examinations are further verified, and studied in detail by serial llock sections of the resected specimens. There are 7 mucosal and 5 submucosal carcinomas. In the remaining 1, as the very small initial lesion had been totally removed with the biopsy forceps, the resected stomach showed no further evidence of malignancy after thorough search. The tumors are located at the greater curvature in 3...

Thirteen cases of early gastric cancer are reported. The diagnosis first made by gastrofiberscopic and histologic examinations are further verified, and studied in detail by serial llock sections of the resected specimens. There are 7 mucosal and 5 submucosal carcinomas. In the remaining 1, as the very small initial lesion had been totally removed with the biopsy forceps, the resected stomach showed no further evidence of malignancy after thorough search. The tumors are located at the greater curvature in 3 cases, and at lesser curvature in,10 cases. Except 2 cases in the cardiac region, all the rest are in the pylorus, antrum and their nearby regions. Histologically they are: 1 papillary adenocarcinoma; 5 well differentiated tubular adenocarcinomas; 6 poorly differentiated tubular adenocarcinomas of which 1 showed signet ring cells in part. Metastases to regional lymph nodes are present in 3 cases.The diagnosis of early gastric cancer is succeeded by the intimate collaboration of clinic roentgenologic, endoscopic and histopathologic examinations. During the gastrofiberscopic examination, apart from thorough inspection of all accessible areas of the gastric mucosa, special attention should be paid on the pylorus and antrum regions (the locations being more biable to the development of cancer). Biopsied specimens should be taken from the sides around the center of the lesion as well as from the center itself. No less than 4 pieces must be taken. The possibility of malignant change in the lesion of patients with prolonged history of chronic gastric ulcer should arouse our great attention.

本文报告早期胃癌病例13例,均经胃切除标本连续取块切片检查证实,其中粘膜癌7例,粘膜下癌5例,1例因于活检时已将癌灶全部切净,故切除标本中未再见到癌。癌组织位大弯侧者3例,小弯侧者10例,除2例在贲门部外其余均在幽门、胃窦及其邻近部。组织学检查呈乳头状腺癌1例、管状腺癌5例、管状腺癌合并局部低分化或未分化癌5例,低分化腺癌合并局部印戒细胞癌1例。局部淋巴结见转移癌者3例。 早期胃癌的诊断是以临床、X线、纤维胃镜及病理等多方面的检查密切协作来完成的。作纤维胃镜检查时应多注意观察胃幽门区及窦部这些好发胃癌的部位。活检应自病变四周及中心部取材,不应少于4块。对有长期慢性胃溃疡史的患者应十分警惕其发生恶变。

Thirty one cases of cancer of the esophagus were operated upon with colon replacement in 1960s. All but one (St. Ⅱ) were in the late stages. There were 27 men and 4 women. Age ranged 27-64 years (averge 50 years). The middle portion of the esophagus was involved in 20 cases. The lesions ranged 4-16.5cm in length with the majority between 5-7cm (22 cases). All of the lesions were squamous cell carcinoma with lymphatic metastasis in 12 cases. The length of colon segment used for replacement was 26-36cm(average...

Thirty one cases of cancer of the esophagus were operated upon with colon replacement in 1960s. All but one (St. Ⅱ) were in the late stages. There were 27 men and 4 women. Age ranged 27-64 years (averge 50 years). The middle portion of the esophagus was involved in 20 cases. The lesions ranged 4-16.5cm in length with the majority between 5-7cm (22 cases). All of the lesions were squamous cell carcinoma with lymphatic metastasis in 12 cases. The length of colon segment used for replacement was 26-36cm(average 29.5cm). The steps of operation were resection of a segment of colon preserving one of its main supplying vessels (left colonic artery in 23 cases, middle colonic artery in 5 and right colonic artery in 3), anastomosis of one end of the reseeted colon segment with anterior wall of stomach, pyloroplasty and gastrostomy, pulling of colon segment through a substernal channel and anastomosing the other end with the cut end of cervical esophagus. When possible, a right thoracotomy with excision of whole length of esophagus was performed. In Follow-ups 9 patients were found to be living and well for more than 2 years, 4 for more than 10 years, and 2 for 16 and 17 years.

本文报告了60年代使用结肠代食管手术治疗晚期食管癌31例。除1例系Ⅱ期外,其余均为晚期食管癌。其中男27例,女4例,年龄27~64岁,平均年龄50岁。病变部位中段19例,下段10例,上段1例,1例病变累及上、中、下三段。病变长度4cm者4例,5~7cm22例, 8~9cm4例,16.5cm 1例。病理活检31例均为鳞状上皮细胞癌;12例食管周围淋巴结转移。手术利用结肠长度为26~36cm,平均29.5cm。利用结肠左动脉23例,中动脉5例,右动脉3例, 手术方法腹部手术组:选用结肠左动脉或中、右动脉作为游离段的血源,选择适宜部位截断结肠,行结肠对端吻合而后行结肠胃前壁吻合,幽门成形术和胃造痿术。颈部手术组:游离颈部食管,距离肿瘤至少4~5cm处切断食管,在胸骨后作一宽畅隧道,经隧道将移植的结肠提到颈部,分两层与近端食管吻合、置引流后缝合切口。如病人情况好,将病人改为左侧卧位,切除右第六肋骨探查肿瘤能否切除,如能切除将肿瘤及食管全部切除,按常规关闭胸腔。本组病人存活两年以上者9例、10年以上者4例,其中2例存活16—17年,至今健在。

Obstruction of the stomach following esophagogastric anastomosis occurred in 5 of a series of 416 resections for esophagocardial carcinomas, an incidence of 0.95%. The causes of the obstruction were gastric volvulus(2 cases), hiatus hernia(1 case), compression on the pylorus by an enlarged liver(1 case), and functional pyloric spasm(1 case). As soon as the diagnosis was established, a second operation with careful preoperative preparation was carried out successfully to relieve the obstruction. The cases of...

Obstruction of the stomach following esophagogastric anastomosis occurred in 5 of a series of 416 resections for esophagocardial carcinomas, an incidence of 0.95%. The causes of the obstruction were gastric volvulus(2 cases), hiatus hernia(1 case), compression on the pylorus by an enlarged liver(1 case), and functional pyloric spasm(1 case). As soon as the diagnosis was established, a second operation with careful preoperative preparation was carried out successfully to relieve the obstruction. The cases of gastric atony and pyloric spasm were treated conservatively. All the 5 cases were relieved of obstruction and were symptom-free on discharge.

本文报道5例食管胃吻合术后并发胃梗阻,发生率0.95%,分析其原因有胃扭转,膈疝,肿大的肝脏压迫幽门部,功能性幽门痉挛。提出了预防和治疗措施。如为机械性胃梗阻,一经诊断明确,应再次手术,解除梗阻原因。如胃扭转可行胃窦部空肠吻合术;如因迷走神经切断后所致胃张力减低及幽门痉挛,可通过保守治疗,一般可自行缓解。本组5例经再次剖腹手术解除胃梗阻原因后,症状消失痊愈出院。

 
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