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食物传播
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  food-borne transmission
     All the infections were acquired through food-borne transmission and 80.0% of the cases had history of eating seafood five days before onset.
     所有病例均经食物传播,80.0%的病例在病前5d内有海产品进食史。
短句来源
     Conclusion The prevalence of cholera in Hainan in 2005 occur mainly during the dining together parties through food-borne transmission and the principal risk factor is eating seafood.
     结论聚餐爆发是海南省2005年霍乱的主要流行形式,经食物传播是唯一的传播途径,海产品是主要的危险因素。
短句来源
     In horizontal transmission, including food-borne transmission, venereal transmission, and vector-borne transmission, viruses are transmitted among individual honeybees of the same generation, while vertical transmission occurs from queens (and/or drones) to their offspring.
     在水平传播中,病毒是在同代蜜蜂个体间传播,包括食物传播、性交传播和载体传播,而垂直传播是病毒从蜂王(和/或雄蜂)传播给后代。
     In horizontal transmission, including food-borne transmission, venereal transmission, and vector-borne transmission, viruses are transmitted among individual honeybees of the same generation, while vertical transmission occurs from queens (and/or drones) to their offspring.
     在水平传播中,病毒是在同代蜜蜂个体间传播,包括食物传播、性交传播和载体传播,而垂直传播是病毒从蜂王(和/或雄蜂)传播给后代。
  food transmission
     The daily-life contact and small scale food transmission were considered.
     分析认为经日常生活接触和多次小范围的食物传播
短句来源
  “食物传播”译为未确定词的双语例句
     EHF was epidemic in spring and summer season in the stationed area mainly because the infections were among family members. Food contaminated by mice or close contact with mice played an important role.
     春夏季EHF流行,主要系家庭内感染,以鼠污染食物传播和鼠源性接触传播为主;
短句来源
     Some sporadic cases were noticed during the outbreak. The method used in this study was satisfactory to the identification of S.flexneri 2a.
     结论 本次菌痢暴发是经污染食物传播 ,暴发事件中夹杂着散发病例 ,set 1/set 2基因分型对F2a菌痢暴发流行中的同源性鉴定具有重要作用
短句来源
     Conclusion Norwalk-like virus gastroenteritis mainly occurred in schools and kindergartens with fecal-oral or respiratory transmission and control measures were to deal with foods,stools,vomits hygienically.
     每起疫情均从部分患者粪便标本中检出诺瓦克样病毒核酸或抗原。 结论学校是诺瓦克样病毒暴发疫情的好发地方,食物传播、接触呕吐物和粪便传播是可能的主要传播途径,因此控制诺瓦克样病毒暴发疫情的关键是抓好学校的饮食卫生和妥善处理呕吐物和粪便。
短句来源
     Human pentastomidosis is a series of food-borne or water-borne parasitic zoonoses caused by pentastomid parasites.
     人舌形虫病是由舌形虫引起的由食物传播或水传播的人兽共患寄生虫病。
短句来源
     Objective Listeria monocytogenes is a gram-positive,no spore,food-borne pathogen which causes listeriosis.
     目的单核细胞增生李斯特菌(Listeria monocytogenes,Lm)属于革兰阳性无芽孢杆菌李斯特菌属,主要通过食物传播
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Consuming contaminated water and food were the main mode of transmission.
     传播途径主要为水型和食物型;
短句来源
     Food of Americans
     美式食物
短句来源
     unfit food
     食物禁忌
短句来源
     Food and water supply were the main routes of transmission.
     食物和水源是船舶传染病传播流行的主要途径。
短句来源
     Wave propagation
     波的传播
短句来源
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  food-borne transmission
Food-borne transmission of prions can lead to infection of the gastrointestinal tract and neuroinvasion via the splanchnic and vagus nerves.
      
However, concern has been expressed about possible food-borne transmission of disease in captive breeding populations of this endangered species.
      
We have chosen this goal because beef products are an important vehicle for the food-borne transmission of bacteria.
      
  food transmission
Quantitative studies of liquid food transmission in ants
      
Evidence for oral/food transmission has been developed for other teleost species.
      
Quantifying the role of non-food transmission mechanisms appears to be uncommon in the international literature.
      


A waterborne outbreak of non-A, non-B hepatitis occurred in Baheqitownship of Sule county, Xinjiang autonomous region of 15395 inhabitantsduring the autumn and winter of 1987. 403 cases were notified in 2.62percent. Cases occurred preponderantly in the 10~39years-old-age group with the attack rate in male significantly higher than that in female. Thewaterborne nature of the epidemic was suggested by the studies of casedistribution according to water supplies and Logistic regression analyses ofthe factors of...

A waterborne outbreak of non-A, non-B hepatitis occurred in Baheqitownship of Sule county, Xinjiang autonomous region of 15395 inhabitantsduring the autumn and winter of 1987. 403 cases were notified in 2.62percent. Cases occurred preponderantly in the 10~39years-old-age group with the attack rate in male significantly higher than that in female. Thewaterborne nature of the epidemic was suggested by the studies of casedistribution according to water supplies and Logistic regression analyses ofthe factors of transmission in the families of cases. The epidemic was sev-ere in the areas supplied by the water in the Tuheqi ditch, none of caseswere noted in the area supplied by well water.

对新疆喀什地区巴合齐乡1987年流行的肠道传播非甲非乙肝炎(ET-N-ANBH)进行了流行病学调查。该乡共发生403例ET-NANBH病例,发病率为2.62%;10~39岁年龄组发病率最高;男性发病率高于女性。Logistic回归分析及病例与水源分布分析,该乡的ET-NANBH的流行主要与土合齐水渠受污染有关,其次是巴扎上的食物传播

The epidemiology, etiology, animal experimental transmission, clinical features, histopathology andprevention of hepatitis E in China were studied. Hepatitis E mainly affects young adults, with fewercases in children and the elderly, and has a relative male excess of cases. The disease is more oftentransmitted through contaminated water and food. Hepatitis E virus (HEV) was detected in the stoolsof patients with hepatitis E and monkeys transmitted with HEV, and HEV cNDA clones were obtained.The homology of nucleotides...

The epidemiology, etiology, animal experimental transmission, clinical features, histopathology andprevention of hepatitis E in China were studied. Hepatitis E mainly affects young adults, with fewercases in children and the elderly, and has a relative male excess of cases. The disease is more oftentransmitted through contaminated water and food. Hepatitis E virus (HEV) was detected in the stoolsof patients with hepatitis E and monkeys transmitted with HEV, and HEV cNDA clones were obtained.The homology of nucleotides and amino acids between Chinese and Myanmar strains were 94.3% and99.6%, respectively. The clinical features of 562 patients with hepatitis E and histopathological changes in liver biopsies of 7 icteric patients were analyzed. A randomized double-blind and controlledstudy showed no effects of immune serum globulin (ISG) in the control of hepatitis E.

本文对我国戊型肝炎的流行病学、病原学、动物实验感染、临床、组织病理学及预防进行了研究。戊型肝炎主要侵犯青壮年;儿童和老人发病较少;男性多于女性;主要经污染的水和食物传播。从戊型肝炎病人和实验感染HEV猕猴粪便中检测到HEV并获得HEV cDNA克隆。中国和缅甸株HEV核甙酸和氨基酸的同源性分别为94.3%和99.6%。对562例戊型肝炎病人的临床特点和7例黄疸型成型肝炎病人的肝活检组织病理学改变进行了分析。随机双盲对照试验证明,血清免疫球蛋白对控制戊型肝炎无效。

Clostridiurn perfringens is an anaerobic Gram—positive bacillus. Food poisoning caused by clostridium is one of the most common type of prevalence diseases through food. Its vehicles are delicatessen, poultry and products which contains a large amount of active bacteria. Since the positive rate of clostridium perfringens in sample by GB(National standard)is low, the method of this paper has modified the formula and usage of media in GB.70 samples were determined (Aug. 1991~July1992) positive rate is 31.4%, among...

Clostridiurn perfringens is an anaerobic Gram—positive bacillus. Food poisoning caused by clostridium is one of the most common type of prevalence diseases through food. Its vehicles are delicatessen, poultry and products which contains a large amount of active bacteria. Since the positive rate of clostridium perfringens in sample by GB(National standard)is low, the method of this paper has modified the formula and usage of media in GB.70 samples were determined (Aug. 1991~July1992) positive rate is 31.4%, among which the positive rate of samples collected in summer is 53.6%. It demonstrates that positive rate of the new method is larger than original GB method, so the modified method can be used as references to the examination workers.

产气荚膜梭菌是厌氧性G~+大杆菌,由它引起的食物中毒是人群食物传播性疾病中最常见的类型之一。通常所涉及的媒介物是含有大量活菌的熟肉或家禽制品。由于按国标法来测定食品中产气荚膜梭菌的检出率较低,本文改进了国标法中部分培养基的配方及使用,共做了70份样品(1991年8月~1992年7月)阳性率达31.4%,其中夏季(6月~9月)阳性率达53.6%,说明新方法检出率较高,可供广大检验工作者参考。

 
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