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   再保险 在 安全科学与灾害防治 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.531秒
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  reinsurance
Optimal reinsurance under expected value principle
      
The paper concerns the problem how to purchase the reinsurance in order to make the insurer and the reinsurance company's total risk to be least under the expected value principle.
      
When the insurer and reinsurance company take arbitrary risk measures, sufficient conditions for optimality of reinsurance contract are given within the restricted class of admissible contracts.
      
Further, the explicit forms of optimal reinsurance contract under several special risk measures are given, and the method to decide parameters as well.
      
On ruin probability minimization under excess reinsurance
      
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Confronted with frequently occurring natural hazards and mounting property,life, and economic losses, catastrophe modelling that serves as a tool for estimating potential losses from major events has been advanced significantly in the past decade. This paper briefly reviews catastrophe modelling and its applications in the insurance industry, and introduces major overseas developers of catastrophe modelling, including private modelling companies, university-based research centres,reinsurance companies, reinsurance...

Confronted with frequently occurring natural hazards and mounting property,life, and economic losses, catastrophe modelling that serves as a tool for estimating potential losses from major events has been advanced significantly in the past decade. This paper briefly reviews catastrophe modelling and its applications in the insurance industry, and introduces major overseas developers of catastrophe modelling, including private modelling companies, university-based research centres,reinsurance companies, reinsurance intermediaries or brokers, and government agencies. A list of recent literature on the topic is also assembled. It is hoped that such information will be useful for disaster insurance research in China.

简略分析了灾难模型化和它在保险业中的应用;介绍了当前国外从事灾难模型化的主要研发单位,包括独立的模型化公司、大学研究所、再保险公司、再保险中介经纪公司和政府机构。同时收集了一些最近灾难模型化些文献,希望这些信息能有助于同行在我国减灾保险方面的研究。

This paper firstly gives a brief introduction of the main content in the "International Disaster Reduction Conference",which was held in Davos of Switzerland from August 28 to September 1,2006.By reference to the conference program and related material like abstract volumes,as well as the large amount of disseminated documents and research reports in the conference,this paper reviews the recent progress and development directions of the harmonization process between development and disaster reduction in the...

This paper firstly gives a brief introduction of the main content in the "International Disaster Reduction Conference",which was held in Davos of Switzerland from August 28 to September 1,2006.By reference to the conference program and related material like abstract volumes,as well as the large amount of disseminated documents and research reports in the conference,this paper reviews the recent progress and development directions of the harmonization process between development and disaster reduction in the international disaster reduction research and practice work,from the scientific,political and enterprises' perspectives.The recent hotspot fields and emphasis of international disaster reduction include: disaster and risk science construction,ecosystem friendly-treatment and reconstruction,the relationship between global environment change and disaster,risk transfer through financial,insurance and reinsurance means,the women's role in the disaster risk management,the terrorism's enhancement to social risk,the information supporting platform development for disaster risk management,and the integrated disaster reduction paradigm establishment in high-risk areas.Then based on the conclusion of international disaster reduction development direction,in terms of the main problems in the implementation process of the sustainable development strategies of China,some scientific harmonization strategies for China development and disaster reduction are put forward: to construct the national management and operation system of the harmonization between development and disaster risk management;to enhance the disaster risk level control and disaster reduction infrastructure construction like ecosystem construction;to promote women's role in the integrated disaster risk management especially in the rural areas;to establish the integrated regional disaster risk management and disaster reduction paradigm;and to reinforce the key technologies development of the integrated regional disaster risk governance and promote the disaster and risk governance system coming into being.

介绍了于2006年8月28日至9月1日在瑞士达沃斯举行的国际减灾会议的主要内容。在阅读本次会议有关论文扩展摘要集内容,以及会议上散发的大量文件、研究报告的基础上,综述了当前国际减灾研究与实践工作中,学术界、政界与企业界等在探索协调发展与减灾进程中的主要进展和发展趋向。国际减灾界当前关注的主要领域为:建立灾害与风险科学,善待与重建生态系统,关注全球环境变化与灾害的密切关系,重视利用金融、保险和再保险手段转移风险,关注女性在灾害风险管理中的作用,关注恐怖主义对社会风险的强化作用,发展灾害风险管理的信息支撑平台,重视建设高风险地区综合减灾范式。在此基础上,针对中国可持续发展战略实施过程中存在的主要问题,提出中国协调发展与减灾对策为:建立国家协调发展与减轻灾害风险的管理体制与运行机制,加强控制综合灾害风险水平的生态系统等减灾基础设施建设,发挥女性在农村地区综合灾害风险管理中的作用,建立区域综合灾害风险管理与减灾范式和加强区域综合灾害风险防范关键技术的开发,促进灾害与风险学科体系的形成。

 
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