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再生自然资源
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  “再生自然资源”译为未确定词的双语例句
    AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS TO MAKE USE OF THE RENEWABLE RESOURCE BETWEEN GENERATIONS AND ITS EFFECTIVE INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENT——TAKE THE FISHERY RESOURCES AS AN EXAMPLE
    再生自然资源代际可持续利用的经济分析与制度安排——以渔业资源为例
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    Although the conflicts in using renewable resource between generations are slighter than the depletable resource, the problem of market failure that brings by the generations' behavior still exists.
    再生自然资源虽然在代际利用中的利益冲突比非再生自然资源低,但代际问题所带来的市场失灵依然存在。
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  renewable natural resources
Asia Pacific Co-operation for the sustainable use of renewable natural resources in biosphere reserves and similarly managed are
      
Training, capacity building and increase of local capabilities for research and management of sustainable use of renewable natural resources are key elements of the project.
      
Management of renewable natural resources and the corresponding policy formulation should be founded on reliable data and information.
      
Mass consumerism has brought about increasing consumption of non-renewable natural resources and manufactured goods, and is creating a waste disposal problem of unprecedented magnitude in the process.
      
Sustainable and renewable natural resources as biomass that contains carbon and hydrogen elements can be a potential raw materials for energy conversion.
      
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Market failure of natural resources is more serious than general products because its generation's problems which bring by its public and external economic character are more serious than general products. In the usage of natural resources between generations, the contemporary person always tends to use natural resources as more as possible, and this kind of behavior makes the problem of "public land tragedy" more serious than general goods. Although the conflicts in using renewable resource between generations...

Market failure of natural resources is more serious than general products because its generation's problems which bring by its public and external economic character are more serious than general products. In the usage of natural resources between generations, the contemporary person always tends to use natural resources as more as possible, and this kind of behavior makes the problem of "public land tragedy" more serious than general goods. Although the conflicts in using renewable resource between generations are slighter than the depletable resource, the problem of market failure that brings by the generations' behavior still exists. Therefore, in order to use the renewable resource between generations in a sustainable way, government needs to enter the renewable resource market to regulate it according to its economic character, and to establish a reasonable usage institution system. Taking the fishery resources used in a sustainable way as an example, the paper first uses the cost-value economics method to analyze the using cost and value of renewable resource in its usage between generations on the basis of Schaefer's model. Then, the paper put forward the optimum institution pathway in which the renewable resource can be used effectively between generations, including the regulation by original cost, definite division of property rights, the exchangeable regulation contributing tickets and the regulation of public compensation.

自然资源由于其较强的公共性和外部性而使其因代际问题所导致的私有市场失灵比一般的产品严重,原因是自然资源代际利用中当代人都倾向于最大限度使用资源,从而引发自然资源“公地悲剧”问题比一般产品严重。再生自然资源虽然在代际利用中的利益冲突比非再生自然资源低,但代际问题所带来的市场失灵依然存在。因此,再生自然资源的代际可持续利用需要政府依据其经济特性进行一定的规制,制订出合理的使用制度。以渔业资源为例,在沙发尔(Schaefer)模型的基础上,利用成本———效益的经济学分析法,分析了再生自然资源代际可持续利用中的成本与收益,提出再生自然资源代际可持续使用的制度安排和优化措施,包括边际成本动态规制、明确界分所有权、实施可交易配额和公共补偿性规制。

We extend the endogenous growth model with horizontal innovations to construct a foursector growth model in which we introduce a nonrenewable resource sector.In this setup,we focus on how population growth,increasing nonrenewable resource depletion and degradation,and endogenous technological progress affect longrun economic growth.First,we study the equilibrium of a decentralized economy,derive the solution of the competitive equilibrium and clarify the sufficient condition under which the equilibrium...

We extend the endogenous growth model with horizontal innovations to construct a foursector growth model in which we introduce a nonrenewable resource sector.In this setup,we focus on how population growth,increasing nonrenewable resource depletion and degradation,and endogenous technological progress affect longrun economic growth.First,we study the equilibrium of a decentralized economy,derive the solution of the competitive equilibrium and clarify the sufficient condition under which the equilibrium paths exist;more specifically,we perform some comparative static analysis to examine the effect of variables and parameters variations arising from the economic environment on the steadystate growth rate.Finally,we present some concluding remarks and discuss their policy implications.

文章通过将存量有限且不可再生的自然资源引入生产函数,构建了一个产品种类扩张型的四部门内生增长模型。首先,通过对模型的市场均衡分析,给出了平衡增长路径的经济增长率以及均衡解存在的一个充分性条件,系统地探讨了在人口增长、自然资源不断耗竭的约束条件下内生技术进步促进长期经济增长的动力机制;其次,通过对平衡增长路径进行比较静态分析,讨论了各经济变量以及经济环境参数的变化对稳态增长率的影响效应及其作用机制,并给出其经济学解释;最后是综合结论及政策涵义。

 
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