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  neurosis
Emotional estimation of short fragments of classical music was analyzed in healthy subjects and patients with depressive neurosis and retarded depression (the depressive phase of maniac-depressive psychosis).
      
The administration of large doses (50-80 μg/kg) aggravates neurosis.
      
In this study, parameters of oxidative stress and apoptosis were investigated in different areas of rat brains subjected to chronic stress (on the model of experimental neurosis).
      
There were no indications of a constitutional potentiality towards neurosis or psychosis in these five patients.
      
According to the clinical picture, the following syndromes were classified as neurosis-like schizophrenia: asthenic, obsessive, hysterical and psychasthenic.
      
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This paper summarized and analysed brain electrical activity mapping (BEAM) of 71 Patients with mental disorders.The total abnormal rate of BEAM was 49. 3%. In 28 cases of schizophrenia,64.3%appeared to be abnormal, and the main display was that the power of δ and /or θ band increased variedly at front of head or wide distribution. In 25 cases of neurosis, 40.0% showed abnormal,and the main abnormalities were lower power and light abnormality in activity of δ and/orθ band.

总结分析71例精神病人的自发脑电地形图表现,异常率为49.4%.其中精神分裂症28例,异常率64.3%,异常表现主要为头前部、或广泛分布的δ、θ频域电活动功率不同程度升高.神经症25例,异常率40.0%,异常表现主要为脑功能低下和轻度的δ、θ频域活动异常.

The purpose of this study was to understand if there were indices' changes of theREM sleep in the depressive neurosis.Background Kupfer (1972) first put forwardthat the latency of thee REM sleep was the biological feature of depression. There had been only 2reports about this problem domesticly, but had been few report concerning the study of the REM sleep in patients with the depressive neurosis - a subtype of the depression at home and abroad. It was necessary to study the condition. Methods The sleep EEG...

The purpose of this study was to understand if there were indices' changes of theREM sleep in the depressive neurosis.Background Kupfer (1972) first put forwardthat the latency of thee REM sleep was the biological feature of depression. There had been only 2reports about this problem domesticly, but had been few report concerning the study of the REM sleep in patients with the depressive neurosis - a subtype of the depression at home and abroad. It was necessary to study the condition. Methods The sleep EEG were made in 12 depressive neuroses and 12 depressions simultaneously admitted as well as 12 normals for continuous 2 nights, and all the indices of the REM sleep comparatively observed. Results Compared to the depressions, the activity, intensity and density of the depressive neurosis tended to be weak and strong, and the differences were significant (P<0.05). The REM density was the most sensitive. there were not obvious difference in the REM sleep's latencies among the 3 groups.Conclution There are changes of the REM indices in the depressive neuroses.

研究目的探讨抑郁性神经症有无快动眼睡眠指标变化。研究背景Kupfer(1972)首先提出快动眼睡眠潜伏期缩短是抑郁症的生物学特征,国内有关此类研究的报道仅2篇,作为抑郁症的一个亚型─抑郁性神经征的快前研睡眼研究,国内外尚罕见报道,有必要对其进行研究。研究方法对同期住院的抑郁性神经症、抑郁症及正常人各12例,进行连续2夜的睡眠脑电图描记,对比观察快动眼睡眠各项指标。结果抑郁性神经症快前眼睡眠活动度、强度及密度与抑郁症相比呈减弱趋势,与正常人相比呈增强趋势,其中以快前眼睡眠密度最为敏感,与抑郁症、正常组对比,差异均显著(P<0.05)。快动眼睡眠潜伏期3组相比,无明显差异。结论抑郁性神经症具有快动眼睡眠指标改变。

In order to study characteristics sleep disorder of traumatic neurosis,30 cases of traumatic neurosis,30 cases healthy persons and 30 nuerasthenia were tested by using polysomnography.The results showed that:l.Abnormal sleep polysomnography.The results showed that:1.Abnormal sleep prolonged the wakening time and latency of NREM.2.Abnormal sleep architecture including:prolonged phsase Ⅱ sleep time,and shortened phases Ⅲ and Ⅳ.3.Abnormal REM sleep including:prolonged latency of REM sleep and shortened REM sleep...

In order to study characteristics sleep disorder of traumatic neurosis,30 cases of traumatic neurosis,30 cases healthy persons and 30 nuerasthenia were tested by using polysomnography.The results showed that:l.Abnormal sleep polysomnography.The results showed that:1.Abnormal sleep prolonged the wakening time and latency of NREM.2.Abnormal sleep architecture including:prolonged phsase Ⅱ sleep time,and shortened phases Ⅲ and Ⅳ.3.Abnormal REM sleep including:prolonged latency of REM sleep and shortened REM sleep time,and reduced periodic number of REMs.4.Decreased sleep efficiency and ability of sleep maintainence.These abnormalities were quite different from that of normal subjects and of patients with other sleep disorders such as depressio etc,and also indicated that the sleep quality of the patients with PCS compara tively poor.However,there was no significant difference of the above abnormal sleep parameters between traumatic neurosis and neurasthenia.This result suggests that the two diseases have the similar sleep disorder models.However,no conclussin can be obtained that this two disease entities are of the similiar mechanism.

应用多导睡眠图方法 ,评价了外伤性神经症、健康人和神经衰弱患者各 30例 ,旨在探讨外伤性神经症的特点。结果表明 :1.睡眠进程异常 :醒觉次数增多 ,醒觉时间延长 ,NREM睡眠潜伏期延长。2 .睡眠结构异常 : 相睡眠时间延长 , + 相睡眠时间缩短。 3.REM睡眠异常 :REM睡眠潜伏期延长 ,REM睡眠时间缩短 ,REM睡眠周期数减少。 4.睡眠质量下降 :觉睡比增大 ,睡眠效率和睡眠维持率下降。对这些睡眠参数的异常 ,进行了讨论

 
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