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  neurosis
Emotional estimation of short fragments of classical music was analyzed in healthy subjects and patients with depressive neurosis and retarded depression (the depressive phase of maniac-depressive psychosis).
      
The administration of large doses (50-80 μg/kg) aggravates neurosis.
      
In this study, parameters of oxidative stress and apoptosis were investigated in different areas of rat brains subjected to chronic stress (on the model of experimental neurosis).
      
There were no indications of a constitutional potentiality towards neurosis or psychosis in these five patients.
      
According to the clinical picture, the following syndromes were classified as neurosis-like schizophrenia: asthenic, obsessive, hysterical and psychasthenic.
      
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A survey of 141 (male 84, female 57)neurotics was carried out by using the centerof epidemiological survey-depression scale,CES-D.The results showed that the depres-sive symptoms were very common and theprevalence of definite depressive symptomswas 85.8%. The mean of the total scorebased 20 items of CES-D was 2.7 timesthe mean of tte total score in the Chinesenormal population. The most common de-pressive symptoms were unhappy,lowmood, sad and hollow feeling.In addition, themean of the total score and certain...

A survey of 141 (male 84, female 57)neurotics was carried out by using the centerof epidemiological survey-depression scale,CES-D.The results showed that the depres-sive symptoms were very common and theprevalence of definite depressive symptomswas 85.8%. The mean of the total scorebased 20 items of CES-D was 2.7 timesthe mean of tte total score in the Chinesenormal population. The most common de-pressive symptoms were unhappy,lowmood, sad and hollow feeling.In addition, themean of the total score and certain indivi-dual item scores in depressive neurotics werehigher than those in neurasthenics. It issuggested that CES-D may be useful to dif-ferentiate some subtypes of neurosis.

作者采用CES-D对141例神经症患者(男84,女57)进行调查,结果发现神经症患者中肯定的抑郁症状发生率高达85.8%。全组总分均值是全国正常人口总分均值的2.7倍。最常见的抑郁症状是无愉快感,情绪低沉,忧愁和空虚感。此外,抑郁性神经症组的CES-D总分均值和某些单项分均值显著高于神经衰弱患者。以上结果提示CES-D可能有助于鉴别某些神经症的亚型。

CT, EEG and AEEG (ambulatory EEG) were carried out together with clinical observations in 15 pilots with seizures recently. The diagnostic values of them were evaulated The final diagnoses of these 15 patients were epilepsy 13, syncope 1, and neurosis 1.

对15例发作性疾病的飞行人员进行了CT、EEG和AEEG检查和临床观察,对诊断价值进行了评价。15例病人最后诊断为癫痫13例、晕厥1例、神经症1例。在13例癫痫病人中,有8例不能单凭临床症状确诊,CT扫描只发现一例左额叶有低密度区,表明CT对诊断原发性癫痫意义不大;EEG因检查时间短,只查出一例阳性,而AEEG可监测24小时,对7例做出正确诊断。作者认为在诊断癫病发作上,AEEG比常用EEG优越性大的多。

A comparative study on six hundred cases of various brain diseases with BEAM and EEG showed significant difference between the two methods,with BEAM having higher abnormal rates than EEG (P<0.001 ).Among the 600 cases,comparative studies of neurosis,migraine,cerebral arteriosclerosis and undefined cases showed very significant difference(P<0.001),post—traumatic brain syndrome showed significant difference (P<0.01)epilepsy,cerebral infarction and sporadic encephalitis showed no significant difference(P>0.05).The...

A comparative study on six hundred cases of various brain diseases with BEAM and EEG showed significant difference between the two methods,with BEAM having higher abnormal rates than EEG (P<0.001 ).Among the 600 cases,comparative studies of neurosis,migraine,cerebral arteriosclerosis and undefined cases showed very significant difference(P<0.001),post—traumatic brain syndrome showed significant difference (P<0.01)epilepsy,cerebral infarction and sporadic encephalitis showed no significant difference(P>0.05).The BEAM of 6 cases of cerebroma were found abnormal with orientations same as those shown by CT,while abnormalities shown by EEG were found in 5 cases BEAM provides a new way to improve the diagnostic accordance rate and to study the etiology of brain diseases.

报告600例各种脑疾病的脑电地形图(BEAM)与脑电图(EEG)的对比分析,结果表明二者间差异有非常显著意义(P<0.001)。其中神经症、偏头痛、脑动脉硬化症和待查病例差异有非常显著性意义(P<0.001)。脑外伤综合征差异有显著性意义(P<0.01)。癫痫、脑硬塞和散发性脑炎差异无显著意义(P>0.05)。6例脑肿瘤 BEAM 均异常,与 CT 定位一致,EEG5例异常。BEAM 为提高脑疾病诊断率及病因研究提供了新的途径。

 
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