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   神经症 在 精神病学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:1.849秒
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神经症     
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  neurosis
Emotional estimation of short fragments of classical music was analyzed in healthy subjects and patients with depressive neurosis and retarded depression (the depressive phase of maniac-depressive psychosis).
      
The administration of large doses (50-80 μg/kg) aggravates neurosis.
      
In this study, parameters of oxidative stress and apoptosis were investigated in different areas of rat brains subjected to chronic stress (on the model of experimental neurosis).
      
There were no indications of a constitutional potentiality towards neurosis or psychosis in these five patients.
      
According to the clinical picture, the following syndromes were classified as neurosis-like schizophrenia: asthenic, obsessive, hysterical and psychasthenic.
      
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  neuroses
Sociogenic neuroses and psychoses are not uncommonly described in the literature.
      
Cultural and social factors in neuroses and psychosomatic illnesses
      
Social and cultural factors pertaining to neuroses and psychosomatic illnesses were reviewed.
      
In this context it may be significant that neuroses and mental insufficiences are much commoner among women.
      
Anxiety neuroses were found in six women, and two had animal phobias.
      
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  neurotic
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of psychological relaxation on the heart rate variability (HRV) in subjects with a number of negative functional states: asthenia, depression, and neurotic symptoms.
      
A positive effect of the drug on the emotional state of prisoners, namely, decreases in the levels of reactive and personal anxiety and depression, as well as in the probability of the development of neurotic disorders, was shown.
      
Emotional evaluation of short musical fragments was compared for healthy people, patients with endogenous or neurotic depression, and opium addicts with affective disorders.
      
The analysis of psychological features in pilots with a history of attempted suicide showed a neurotic type of maladaptation formed on the basis of the domination of hyposthenic traits in the personality structure.
      
Neurotic behavior, pessimism, increased anxiety, and introversion that had become acute under the specific social and occupational conditions transformed into depressive signs and avoidance of social problems.
      
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  neurotic disorder
The social correlates of chronic neurotic disorder
      
The measure delineates a parental style of 'affectionless control' (involving insufficient care and overprotection), which appears to be a risk factor to neurotic disorder in particular, and the possible nature of the risk factor is discussed.
      
Whilst overall high rates of admissions in Northern Ireland are most likely attributable to provision and use of beds, these factors may not entirely account for high rates of admissions for neurotic disorder, particularly among males.
      
These results are interpreted as suggesting that deficiencies in social support may be more important in neurotic disorder, in particular depressive disorders, than in psychoses.
      
Kappas of .30 or higher were found for the diagnosis of antisocial personality, conduct disorder, enuresis, mixed behavior-neurotic disorder, and possible depression.
      
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  其他


Therapeutic values of chlo-rimipramine (Swiss made) in obsessive neurosis welcompared with doxepin. 21 crses of lorimsipramine and 16 cases of doxepin were studied by double blind tests. To control the various obsessive symptoms clinically, chlorimi-pramine is more superior than doxepin. optimal effects were as a rule obser-

我所于1984年6月至1985年1月。试用瑞士产氯丙咪嗪治疗强迫性神经症21例,并设多塞平(多虑平)治疗16例为对照组,作双盲对照观察。结果表明;氯丙咪嗪治疗强迫性神经症的疗效高于对照组。本药起效快、副作用小、口服方便。

The Mental stimuli and perso- nality Characters of 68 Cases with Neurosis before they fell ill are a- nalysed,65 Cases with Neurosi- shad had Mental stimuli.The type of intoversion--irritabillity and e- xtraversion--irritabillity character Is 56 cascs.This article describes that Mental stimulus and character are close related with Neurosis.A body May fall ill when one Can not bear Mental stimulus.

本文对68例神经症患者病前精神刺激及个性特征做一分析。发现患者病前有精神刺激的为65例(95.58%)、而内倾不稳定和外倾不稳定性格者为56例(85.29%)。指出精神刺激、个性特征与神经症密切相关。当精神刺激超出了个体对它的耐受时,才有患神经症的可能。

The therapeutic effect for some neurotic disorders treated with EMG biofeedback is studied.In 60 patients, there are neurasthenia 14, tonic headache 19,anxiety disorders 14, obsessive compulsive disorders 6, hysteria 4, phobia 2 andhypochon.driasis 1. The result showed a certain therapeutic effect was achieved in 52 cases.Among them 10 patients with tonic headache and anxiety associated with psychotherapy and speech suggestion have been improved obviously.

本文报告肌电生物反馈治疗60例不同类型神经症的疗效;其中神经衰弱14例,紧张性头痛19例、焦虑症14例、强迫症6例、癔症4例、恐怖症2例、疑病症1例。总有效率为86.7%。其中10例紧张性头痛和焦虑症患者配合心理治疗和语言暗示,其效果显著。

 
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