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  neurosis
Emotional estimation of short fragments of classical music was analyzed in healthy subjects and patients with depressive neurosis and retarded depression (the depressive phase of maniac-depressive psychosis).
      
The administration of large doses (50-80 μg/kg) aggravates neurosis.
      
In this study, parameters of oxidative stress and apoptosis were investigated in different areas of rat brains subjected to chronic stress (on the model of experimental neurosis).
      
There were no indications of a constitutional potentiality towards neurosis or psychosis in these five patients.
      
According to the clinical picture, the following syndromes were classified as neurosis-like schizophrenia: asthenic, obsessive, hysterical and psychasthenic.
      
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  neuroses
Sociogenic neuroses and psychoses are not uncommonly described in the literature.
      
Cultural and social factors in neuroses and psychosomatic illnesses
      
Social and cultural factors pertaining to neuroses and psychosomatic illnesses were reviewed.
      
In this context it may be significant that neuroses and mental insufficiences are much commoner among women.
      
Anxiety neuroses were found in six women, and two had animal phobias.
      
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3- Year follow- up investigation

本文对981名战士精神卫生状况及其影响因素的退踪观察表明:(1)入伍第6个月是精神卫生问题发生的高峰期,且面广;入伍第2年精神卫生问题虽有发生,但其量少,面狭;入伍第3年精神疾病总患病率为42.1‰,其中精神病患病率7.3‰,神经症患病率为34.8‰。(2)影响精神卫生的因素:与生物-心理-社会综合因素有关。这为战士精神疾患的防治提供了参考资料。

Objective To study the assessment criteria of mental disorder after head trauma. Methods 204 cases of forensic opinion on mental disorder after head trauma, which entrusted by judiciaries, were retrospectively investigated. Results There were no significant sex differences in 204 cases. The predominance age group was found in the groups of 21-30 years (63 cases) and 31-40 years (53 cases).Most of patients were workers and farmers with lower level of education. The cause of trauma were mainly body injuries (107...

Objective To study the assessment criteria of mental disorder after head trauma. Methods 204 cases of forensic opinion on mental disorder after head trauma, which entrusted by judiciaries, were retrospectively investigated. Results There were no significant sex differences in 204 cases. The predominance age group was found in the groups of 21-30 years (63 cases) and 31-40 years (53 cases).Most of patients were workers and farmers with lower level of education. The cause of trauma were mainly body injuries (107 cases) and traffic accident (49 cases). The emergence of mental disorder was observed in post trauma 6 months (152 cases) and 6-12 months (23 cases). Classification of mental disorder indicated 108 cases with organic mental disorder (52.8%), 84 cases with functional mental disorder (41.4%), in which post trauma neurosis 66 cases (32.3%) (including 35 cases with hysteria). Assessment of social function found that there was no social function loss in 77 cases, 41 cases with slight disorder and 86 cases with obvious disorder. Neurological examination found 204 cases with transient neurologic signs and 62 cases with obvious positive signs. Determining the relationship between head trauma and mental disorder found 104 cases with direct causality; 61 cases with indirect causality, 34 cases with conditional correlation and 5 cases with no correlation. Assessing degree of injury found 85 cases with serious injury and 67 cases with minor injury. 47 cases were assessed about the relationship between injury and disease.Conclusion The results suggest that there are significance correlation between head trauma and mental disorder, the best time of forensic assessment is considered within one year after head trauma.

目的 研究颅脑外伤所致精神障碍的损伤程度评定标准。方法 通过对204 例由司法部门委托进行法医学精神损伤程度鉴定实践,重点对颅脑外伤所致神经症的损伤程度评定标准及其他相关问题进行了讨论。结果 204 例中,男、女比例无差异。年龄组以21 ~30 岁(63 例) 、31~40 岁(53 例) 居多。表明上述年龄组的社会活动多,受到伤害的可能性大;职业以工人、农民为多,文化程度相对较低。损伤原因以伤害(107 例) 、交通事故(49 例) 为多。损伤与精神障碍间隔时间,半年以内152 例,半年至1 年为23 例,表明鉴定时间选择在1 年内为佳。精神障碍的种类与性质:器质性精神障碍108 例,占52-8% ;功能性精神障碍84 例,占41-4% ,其中外伤后神经症( 含癔症35 例)66 例,占32-3 % 。社会功能评定:无社会功能受损77 例,轻度受损41 例,明显受损86 例。神经系统检查:204 例中有一过性神经体征38 例,有明显阳性体征62 例。损伤与精神障碍的关系:直接因果关系104 例、间接因果关系61 例;条件相关34 例、无相关5 例。损伤程度评定结果:重伤85 例,轻伤...

目的 研究颅脑外伤所致精神障碍的损伤程度评定标准。方法 通过对204 例由司法部门委托进行法医学精神损伤程度鉴定实践,重点对颅脑外伤所致神经症的损伤程度评定标准及其他相关问题进行了讨论。结果 204 例中,男、女比例无差异。年龄组以21 ~30 岁(63 例) 、31~40 岁(53 例) 居多。表明上述年龄组的社会活动多,受到伤害的可能性大;职业以工人、农民为多,文化程度相对较低。损伤原因以伤害(107 例) 、交通事故(49 例) 为多。损伤与精神障碍间隔时间,半年以内152 例,半年至1 年为23 例,表明鉴定时间选择在1 年内为佳。精神障碍的种类与性质:器质性精神障碍108 例,占52-8% ;功能性精神障碍84 例,占41-4% ,其中外伤后神经症( 含癔症35 例)66 例,占32-3 % 。社会功能评定:无社会功能受损77 例,轻度受损41 例,明显受损86 例。神经系统检查:204 例中有一过性神经体征38 例,有明显阳性体征62 例。损伤与精神障碍的关系:直接因果关系104 例、间接因果关系61 例;条件相关34 例、无相关5 例。损伤程度评定结果:重伤85 例,轻伤67 例,伤病关系评定47 例。结论 通过对204 例头部外伤?

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of neuroses in military force.Method: 4639 military staffs were investigated. Those diagnosed as neurosis by CCMD-2 were tested by SCL-90 and EPQ. Other 236 healthy soldiers were selected as normal control. Result: The prevalence of neuroses was 12.07‰(56/4639).The average total score of SCL-90 in neurotic group was 209.5±69.6,number of positive items was 50.0±18.2.average score of positive item was 3.1±0.8. All of these were higher than those of normal control significantly....

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of neuroses in military force.Method: 4639 military staffs were investigated. Those diagnosed as neurosis by CCMD-2 were tested by SCL-90 and EPQ. Other 236 healthy soldiers were selected as normal control. Result: The prevalence of neuroses was 12.07‰(56/4639).The average total score of SCL-90 in neurotic group was 209.5±69.6,number of positive items was 50.0±18.2.average score of positive item was 3.1±0.8. All of these were higher than those of normal control significantly. Most of neurotics had unstable emotion and inversion trend in EPQ test. Conclusion: Our result of prevalence of neuroses is lower than national level. The neurotics have some personality characteristics.

目的 :了解某部队神经症的患病率、心理状况、症状表现、个性特征与发病的关系及对策。方法 :应用CCMD -2诊断标准 ,调查 46 39人 ,诊断明确者做SCL -90及EPQ量表测查 ,与健康和常模组对照比较。结果 :诊断神经症 5 6人 ,神经症的患病率为 12 .0 7‰ ;SCL -90总分 2 0 9.46± 6 9.6 4;阳性项目数 49.98±18.2 4;阳性项目均分 3 .14± 0 .84;EPQ显示情绪不稳定、个性倾向内向或内向者与健康组有极显著的统计学差异。结论 :某部队神经症患病率低于全国流调水平 ,病情及症状表现已达中等程度居多 ;个性特征与患病有关 ;治疗时应注意躯体化、强迫症状、人际关系、忧郁、偏执几方面心理障碍的改善

 
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