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   神经症 在 军事医学与卫生 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.034秒
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神经症
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  neurosis
Emotional estimation of short fragments of classical music was analyzed in healthy subjects and patients with depressive neurosis and retarded depression (the depressive phase of maniac-depressive psychosis).
      
The administration of large doses (50-80 μg/kg) aggravates neurosis.
      
In this study, parameters of oxidative stress and apoptosis were investigated in different areas of rat brains subjected to chronic stress (on the model of experimental neurosis).
      
There were no indications of a constitutional potentiality towards neurosis or psychosis in these five patients.
      
According to the clinical picture, the following syndromes were classified as neurosis-like schizophrenia: asthenic, obsessive, hysterical and psychasthenic.
      
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  neuroses
Sociogenic neuroses and psychoses are not uncommonly described in the literature.
      
Cultural and social factors in neuroses and psychosomatic illnesses
      
Social and cultural factors pertaining to neuroses and psychosomatic illnesses were reviewed.
      
In this context it may be significant that neuroses and mental insufficiences are much commoner among women.
      
Anxiety neuroses were found in six women, and two had animal phobias.
      
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  neurotic
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of psychological relaxation on the heart rate variability (HRV) in subjects with a number of negative functional states: asthenia, depression, and neurotic symptoms.
      
A positive effect of the drug on the emotional state of prisoners, namely, decreases in the levels of reactive and personal anxiety and depression, as well as in the probability of the development of neurotic disorders, was shown.
      
Emotional evaluation of short musical fragments was compared for healthy people, patients with endogenous or neurotic depression, and opium addicts with affective disorders.
      
The analysis of psychological features in pilots with a history of attempted suicide showed a neurotic type of maladaptation formed on the basis of the domination of hyposthenic traits in the personality structure.
      
Neurotic behavior, pessimism, increased anxiety, and introversion that had become acute under the specific social and occupational conditions transformed into depressive signs and avoidance of social problems.
      
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3- Year follow- up investigation

本文对981名战士精神卫生状况及其影响因素的退踪观察表明:(1)入伍第6个月是精神卫生问题发生的高峰期,且面广;入伍第2年精神卫生问题虽有发生,但其量少,面狭;入伍第3年精神疾病总患病率为42.1‰,其中精神病患病率7.3‰,神经症患病率为34.8‰。(2)影响精神卫生的因素:与生物-心理-社会综合因素有关。这为战士精神疾患的防治提供了参考资料。

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of neuroses in military force.Method: 4639 military staffs were investigated. Those diagnosed as neurosis by CCMD-2 were tested by SCL-90 and EPQ. Other 236 healthy soldiers were selected as normal control. Result: The prevalence of neuroses was 12.07‰(56/4639).The average total score of SCL-90 in neurotic group was 209.5±69.6,number of positive items was 50.0±18.2.average score of positive item was 3.1±0.8. All of these were higher than those of normal control significantly....

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of neuroses in military force.Method: 4639 military staffs were investigated. Those diagnosed as neurosis by CCMD-2 were tested by SCL-90 and EPQ. Other 236 healthy soldiers were selected as normal control. Result: The prevalence of neuroses was 12.07‰(56/4639).The average total score of SCL-90 in neurotic group was 209.5±69.6,number of positive items was 50.0±18.2.average score of positive item was 3.1±0.8. All of these were higher than those of normal control significantly. Most of neurotics had unstable emotion and inversion trend in EPQ test. Conclusion: Our result of prevalence of neuroses is lower than national level. The neurotics have some personality characteristics.

目的 :了解某部队神经症的患病率、心理状况、症状表现、个性特征与发病的关系及对策。方法 :应用CCMD -2诊断标准 ,调查 46 39人 ,诊断明确者做SCL -90及EPQ量表测查 ,与健康和常模组对照比较。结果 :诊断神经症 5 6人 ,神经症的患病率为 12 .0 7‰ ;SCL -90总分 2 0 9.46± 6 9.6 4;阳性项目数 49.98±18.2 4;阳性项目均分 3 .14± 0 .84;EPQ显示情绪不稳定、个性倾向内向或内向者与健康组有极显著的统计学差异。结论 :某部队神经症患病率低于全国流调水平 ,病情及症状表现已达中等程度居多 ;个性特征与患病有关 ;治疗时应注意躯体化、强迫症状、人际关系、忧郁、偏执几方面心理障碍的改善

Objective To explore the relationship between emotional states and cognitive task performances in pilots with neuroses. Methods A 1∶1 case control study was used. The emotional states including anxiety, somatization, obsessive compulsive and depression of 62 pilots with neuroses and 62 matched healthy pilot controls were evaluated with ′Symptom checklist′ 90(SCL 90), and their cognitive task performances, including complex choice reactiontime, shorttime memory, attention distribution, vision attention,...

Objective To explore the relationship between emotional states and cognitive task performances in pilots with neuroses. Methods A 1∶1 case control study was used. The emotional states including anxiety, somatization, obsessive compulsive and depression of 62 pilots with neuroses and 62 matched healthy pilot controls were evaluated with ′Symptom checklist′ 90(SCL 90), and their cognitive task performances, including complex choice reactiontime, shorttime memory, attention distribution, vision attention, auditory attention, coordination of hands and feet were measured. Results There were significant differences in emotional states and cognitive task performances between pilots with neuroses and controls. High negative emotion scores were negatively related with complex cognitive task performances. Conclusion ①The higher negative emotion scores were important negative factors influencing complex cognitive task performances.②The complex choice reaction time was a stable and sensitive index reflecting cognitive processing ability.

目的 探讨飞行人员神经症患者的情绪状态与完成认知任务之间的关系。 方法 采用 1∶ 1病例对照法 ,对 12 4名飞行员的情绪状态进行评定 ,并对记忆、注意、复杂鉴别反应时和手脚协调等认知任务进行试验操作。 结果 病例组与对照组在情绪状态和四项复杂认知作业成绩上存在显著性差异。焦虑、抑郁、强迫和躯体化与注意分配和复杂鉴别反应时成绩呈显著性负相关 ;情绪紊乱程度对完成复杂的和综合的认知任务有显著影响。 结论  1飞行人员神经症患者存在明显的情绪紊乱 ,并对飞行员完成认知作业有明显的影响。 2复杂鉴别反应时是一个更为敏感的、稳定的预测认知加工能力的指标

 
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