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  neurosis
Emotional estimation of short fragments of classical music was analyzed in healthy subjects and patients with depressive neurosis and retarded depression (the depressive phase of maniac-depressive psychosis).
      
The administration of large doses (50-80 μg/kg) aggravates neurosis.
      
In this study, parameters of oxidative stress and apoptosis were investigated in different areas of rat brains subjected to chronic stress (on the model of experimental neurosis).
      
There were no indications of a constitutional potentiality towards neurosis or psychosis in these five patients.
      
According to the clinical picture, the following syndromes were classified as neurosis-like schizophrenia: asthenic, obsessive, hysterical and psychasthenic.
      
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  neuroses
Sociogenic neuroses and psychoses are not uncommonly described in the literature.
      
Cultural and social factors in neuroses and psychosomatic illnesses
      
Social and cultural factors pertaining to neuroses and psychosomatic illnesses were reviewed.
      
In this context it may be significant that neuroses and mental insufficiences are much commoner among women.
      
Anxiety neuroses were found in six women, and two had animal phobias.
      
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  neurotic
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of psychological relaxation on the heart rate variability (HRV) in subjects with a number of negative functional states: asthenia, depression, and neurotic symptoms.
      
A positive effect of the drug on the emotional state of prisoners, namely, decreases in the levels of reactive and personal anxiety and depression, as well as in the probability of the development of neurotic disorders, was shown.
      
Emotional evaluation of short musical fragments was compared for healthy people, patients with endogenous or neurotic depression, and opium addicts with affective disorders.
      
The analysis of psychological features in pilots with a history of attempted suicide showed a neurotic type of maladaptation formed on the basis of the domination of hyposthenic traits in the personality structure.
      
Neurotic behavior, pessimism, increased anxiety, and introversion that had become acute under the specific social and occupational conditions transformed into depressive signs and avoidance of social problems.
      
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  neurotics
The patients were divided into five diagnostic groups: depressives, neurotics other than depressive, psychotics other than depressive, alcoholics and personality disorders.
      
The patient sample was divided into five diagnostic groups: depressives, neurotics other than depressive, psychotics other than depressive, alcoholics and personality disorders.
      
When this was done it became evident that early bereavement was not a significant factor in either the neurotics or the psychotics.
      
Sixty female patients exhibiting the quadrad of neurotic symptoms: giddiness, palpitation, nausea and general fatigue were compared to a control group of forty female neurotics whose symptoms did not show this constellation.
      
When compared to controls, culture bound neurotics were found to have significantly higher proportions of the husbandless, the childless and those experiencing threats of husband loss.
      
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  其他


This paper summarizes briefly the development of medical psychology in the past 30 years. The work in the fields of psychotherapy, thepsychological causes and traits in neurosis, the psychopathological traits inpsychosis, the psychological problems in acupuncture anaesthesia and thepsychological diagnosis in children with mental deficiency are reviewed.

本文概略地叙述了医学心理学三十年来的历程,并就心理治疗、神经症的心理病因和心理特点、精神病的病理心理特点、针刺麻醉中的心理学问题、智力落后儿童的心理诊断等几个方面的研究工作作了回顾。

2432 primary school children,agedfrom 7 to 14 years,in an urban area ofBeijing,were evaluated with ChildrenBehaviour Questionnaire developed anddirected by Rutter.The total frequencyof behaviour problems was found of 8.3%,in which 7.4% was antisocial behaviourand 0.62% was neurotic behaviour.Thebehaviour problems were observed morefrequently in boys than girls.But Anti-social behaviour was dominant in boys,while neurotic behaviour was commonin girls.Lower frequency was foundin the families of scientific and...

2432 primary school children,agedfrom 7 to 14 years,in an urban area ofBeijing,were evaluated with ChildrenBehaviour Questionnaire developed anddirected by Rutter.The total frequencyof behaviour problems was found of 8.3%,in which 7.4% was antisocial behaviourand 0.62% was neurotic behaviour.Thebehaviour problems were observed morefrequently in boys than girls.But Anti-social behaviour was dominant in boys,while neurotic behaviour was commonin girls.Lower frequency was foundin the families of scientific and technicalprofessioaals or in those with highereducation than that with less educationOur data indicated that the frequencyof behaviour problems varied significant-ly with the different social environmentsin which the children were brought up,such as family atmosphere,family struc-ture,parents,involvement in education,expeetation and peer's relationship.Nodifference was found between the freq-uencies of bahaviour problem of childrenfrom one child family and that from morechildren,family.

本研究用 Rutter 行为问卷,对北京城区2432名7—14岁在校儿童进行了调查。儿童行为问题检出率8.3%。男女比为4.9∶1。男孩违纪型常见。女孩神经症型为主。资料提示:儿童行为问题与父母受教育情况,与家庭和睦程度均有关系。常口角的家庭,破裂家庭儿童行为问题多,三代同堂的家庭较核心型家庭和单亲家庭儿童行为问题少,独生子女家庭和多子女家庭行为问题差异并不显著。提示改善家庭环境,重视儿童教育是涉及儿童心理健康发育的重大问题。

Rutter's schedule for behaviour issues for completion by teacher and parents was adminis-tered to 2432 children from six representative primary schools in Beijing.8.34% was found as the prevalenceof behaviout problems by teachers in school,6.95% by parents in home,and 2.14% by teacher and parentsin both conditions.The total prevalence of behaviour problems was 13.16% by teachers and/or parents inschool and/or in home.In the symptom factors analysis the first factor was found to include mainly thoserelated to...

Rutter's schedule for behaviour issues for completion by teacher and parents was adminis-tered to 2432 children from six representative primary schools in Beijing.8.34% was found as the prevalenceof behaviout problems by teachers in school,6.95% by parents in home,and 2.14% by teacher and parentsin both conditions.The total prevalence of behaviour problems was 13.16% by teachers and/or parents inschool and/or in home.In the symptom factors analysis the first factor was found to include mainly thoserelated to antisocial behaviour while the second factor was found to include those related to neuroticbehaviour,suggesting the classification of antisocial and neurotic behaviour probleme in children by Rutterbeing of a well feasibility in China.Multiple regression analysis showed and canonical correlation analysisalso recomfirmed that school achievement,sex,peer′s relationship,parent′s expectation on child achieve-ment and the season of birth were the significant risk factors to children behaviour problems.This implicatesclearly various biopsychosocial factors may contribute to the development of behaviour problem in children.

以英国 Rutter 儿童行为问题问卷,经试测满意后,在北京对2432名小学生分别由教师和家长评分,由教师问卷获得学校行为问题检出率8.34%,父母问卷获得家庭行为问题检出率6.95%,两种问卷所得广泛性行为问题检出率2.14%,教师和/或父母问卷共得儿童行为问题总检出率13.16%。在行为症状因子分析中,第一因子主要代表违纪行为,第二因子主要代表神经症性行为,表明 Rutter 问卷可适用于中国环境。多因素回归分析揭示,学习成绩差,男性,伙伴关系差,父母期望低及出生季节为冬、春季是儿童行为问题危险人群特点。典型相关分析,亦支持这一结果。

 
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