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  prefecture
     Growth of 35 yak calves with 1/2 wild blood, and 48 yak calves with 1/4 wild blood were observed during 1994~1996 in Hainan prefecture.
     1994~1996年在海南赛什塘牧场对采用野牦牛冻精人工授精和1/2野血公牛本交两种方法配家牦母牛产生的1/2野血牦犊牛35头和1/4野血牦犊牛48头,跟踪定时观测。
短句来源
     Bayangol Prefecture 46. 26%.
     巴占46.26%。
短句来源
     The average densities of Gazella subgutturosa in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Junggar Basin, and Karamairi Mountain Nature Reserve in Xinjiang, are 0.8±0.24, 0.71±0.17 and 0.83±0.36/km 2 respectively.
     新疆昌吉平均密度为0 .8± 0 .2 4只 /km2 ,准噶尔盆地为 0 .71± 0 .17只 /km2 ,卡拉麦里山保护区为 0 .83± 0 .36只 /km2 。
短句来源
     The result shows that the ecological footprint is 465 405. 112 hm2,and the ecological capacity in only 545 353. 338 hm2,with a ecological surplus of 0. 591 hm2 per capita,but only two of six counties is ecological deficit,so it shows that Guoluo prefecture is weak in sustainable development.
     结果表明,果洛2002年的生态足迹为465 405.112 hm2,实际可供的生态承载力为545 353.338 hm2,人均生 态足迹盈余为0.591 hm2,其中果洛的甘德县和玛多县为生态足迹赤字,班玛县、久治县、玛沁县和达日县为生态 足迹盈余,说明在当前生产技术水平下,果洛处于较弱的可持续发展状态。
短句来源
     Economic and Environmental Coordination Planning of HongHe prefecture
     红河经济与环境协调发展规划研究
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  state
     the content of H2S in the serum of healthy children in the area of Beijing was 65.55±9.07 μmol/L,which was much higher than that of Haibei state in Qinghai province (46.92±6.46 μmol/L).
     北京地区健康儿童血清中H2S浓度(65.55±9.07)μmol/L,高于青海省海北地区健康儿童血清中H2S浓度(46.92±6.46)μmol/L。
短句来源
     Results The content of NO in the serum of healthy children in the area of Beijing was 60.58±16.85 μmol/L,which was much lower then that of Haibei state in Qinghai province (73.88±18.97 μmol/L);
     结果北京地区健康儿童血清中NO浓度(60.58±16.85)μmol/L,低于青海省海北地区健康儿童血清中NO浓度(73.88±18.97)μmol/L;
短句来源
     The results measured both at Albany in New York State and in the suburbs of Nanjing showy that E_l is 10~(-6)—10~(-5) M~(-1) and 10~(-5) M~(-1) respactively.
     在纽约奥尔巴尼和南京近郊外场观测表明,E_l 值分别是10~(-6)-10~(-5)M~(-1)和10~(-5)M~(-1)。
短句来源
     The results measured both at Albany in New York State and in the suburbs of Nanjing show that E_l is 10~(-6)-10~(-5) M~(-1) and 10~(-5) M~(-1) respactively.
     在纽约奥尔巴尼和南京近郊外场观测表明,E_l值分别是10~(-6)-10~(-5)M~(-1)和10~(-5)M~(-1)。
短句来源
     The flexibility coefficients of other region were respectively Kunming City 5 88%,Zhaotong region 2 31%,Chuxiong state 2 30%,Honghe state 7 03%,Wenshan state 5 53%,Simao region 7 43%,Dali state 4 94%,Dehong state 6 78%,Lijiang region 4 35%,Lincang region 6 13%.
     其它地区的弹性系数分别为昆明市 5 88% ,昭通地区 2 3 1% ,楚雄 2 3 0 % ,红河 7 0 3 % ,文山 5 5 3 % ,思茅地区 7 4 3 % ,大理4 94 % ,德宏 6 78% ,丽江地区 4 3 5 % ,临沧地区 6 13 %。
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  autonomous prefecture
     The average densities of Gazella subgutturosa in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Junggar Basin, and Karamairi Mountain Nature Reserve in Xinjiang, are 0.8±0.24, 0.71±0.17 and 0.83±0.36/km 2 respectively.
     新疆昌吉平均密度为0 .8± 0 .2 4只 /km2 ,准噶尔盆地为 0 .71± 0 .17只 /km2 ,卡拉麦里山保护区为 0 .83± 0 .36只 /km2 。
短句来源
     Information Guide by WTO to the Agricultural in Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture
     WTO对湘西农业的信息引导
短句来源
     Studies on Agricultural Soil Quality Evaluation of Enshi Autonomous Prefecture
     恩施农业土壤质量评价研究
短句来源
     On the Situation, Problems and Countermeasures of National Legislation in Enshi Autonomous Prefecture
     恩施民族立法的现状、问题及对策
短句来源
     Analysis on 442 Cases of Perinatal Death in Chuxiong Autonomous Prefecture
     楚雄442例围产儿死亡分析
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  interstate
     On Several Problems of Interregional Conflict of Laws in China——Contrasting with Interstate Conflict of Laws in the U.S.A
     论中国区际法律冲突的几个问题——与美国际法律冲突之比较
短句来源
     The interstate conflict of laws is a kind of inter-regional conflict of laws existing in the context of Australian Commonwealth.
     澳大利亚的际法律冲突,是存在于澳大利亚联邦境内的一种区际法律冲突,是存在于澳大利亚联邦境内不同法域之间(主要是指各各领地之间)的法律冲突。
短句来源
     Equal Protection Clause and Americans' Right to Interstate Migration
     “平等保护条款”与美国公民的“际迁徙权”
短句来源
     In 1987 Congress allowed the states to raise speed limits from 89 to 105km/h on qualifying sections of rural interstate highways. On November 28, 1995, the National Highway System (NHS) Designation Act abolished the federal mandate for the National Maximum Speed Limit (NMSL) and returned the authority of establishing speed limits to the states. By the end of 1996, 32 states had passed laws to raise speed limits on various highways.
     1987年美国国会准许各把乡村际公路某些路段的限速从89km/h提高到105km/h,1995年国家公路系统取消了最大限速89km/h的规定,并把制定限速的权力下放给各个,1996年32个对不同的公路都提高了限速标准。
短句来源
     Vicissitudes of the Legal Background of the U.S.Interstate Compacts
     美国际协定法律背景的变迁
短句来源
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  prefecture
132, Kamareza, Lavrion District, Attiki Prefecture (Attika), Greece.
      
ex Steud.) Baill., 12 enzyme systems encoded by 17 loci were electrophoretically analyzed in 164 individuals of seven populations from Simao Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China.
      
Between 1984 and 1996 we histopathologically examined 26 autopsy cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) from the Mie Prefecture in eastern and southern Kii Peninsula, which includes the Hohara ALS focus.
      
The dynamics of plant community and above- and belowground biomass of the different degenerative stages was researched ofKobresia humlis meadows of Nakchu prefecture in Tibet Autonomous Region.
      
Assessing danger degree of soil erosion in Rikaze prefecture, Tibet
      
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  state
To prove this, we first state and prove a general result which gives a criterion for checking whether a variety of dimensionN≥3 is a (compactification of a) ball quotient.
      
We state a localization principle for expansions in eigenfunctions of a self-adjoint second order elliptic operator and we prove an equiconvergence result between eigenfunction expansions and trigonometric expansions.
      
The current state nanotechnology is comparable with the level of technological development in polymers and plastics in the 1930s.
      
Results showed that over the concentration range of 6-16 mM, Me2SnCl2 is a chemical denaturant and denatures the double-strand DNA in a three-state manner.
      
A condition of the existence of stable positive steady-state solutions for a one predator two prey system
      
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  autonomous prefecture
A total of 2,402 cases of arsenic-related skin lesions (as of 2002) in a few villages of China's Southwest Guizhou Autonomous Prefecture represent a unique case of endemic arseniasis related with indoor combustion of high arsenic coal.
      
This paper offers a brief discussion of China's White Paper on Agenda 21 and examines, as a case study, the problem of sustaining biological diversity in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan.
      
Chengduo is one of the six counties of the Tibetan autonomous prefecture of Yushu, Qinghai province.
      
If it drops below 30 per cent, Yanbian can lose its status as an autonomous prefecture.
      
This article presents findings of a research project into entrepreneurs of Yi nationality in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan province.
      
  interstate
This set of rules was implemented by a specific federal organisation, the "Interstate Commerce Organisation", as well as by a special law, the "Railway Labor Act", building a tight frame when industrial disputes break out in that branch.
      
Kaj Hobér, Extinctive Prescription and Applicable Law in Interstate Arbitration
      
The exploration and development of oil and gas deposits can be realized in a variety of ways, some of which promote security and sustainability, while others open the gates for potential intrastate and interstate conflicts.
      
The Central Asian nations established contacts with foreign states and international organizations and started to form a system of interstate relations between the countries of the region.
      
More specifically, these results support the 1994 Riegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act, which removed legislative barriers to interstate branching.
      
更多          
  其他


The natural vegetation of Shantung Province, in the north temperate zone, is of the aestisilvae type. As the natural conditions vary in different parts of this province, the vegetation may be divided into the following four regions: 1. Alluvial plain of the Yellow River: This region is located at the northern part of this province. The saline soil is unfavorable for the growth of most plants. The following plants are characteristic: Tamarax chinensis, Apocynum venetum, Suaeda salsa, S. glauca, Artemisin capillaris,...

The natural vegetation of Shantung Province, in the north temperate zone, is of the aestisilvae type. As the natural conditions vary in different parts of this province, the vegetation may be divided into the following four regions: 1. Alluvial plain of the Yellow River: This region is located at the northern part of this province. The saline soil is unfavorable for the growth of most plants. The following plants are characteristic: Tamarax chinensis, Apocynum venetum, Suaeda salsa, S. glauca, Artemisin capillaris, Aeluropus littoralis, Miscanthus sinensis, Phragmites karka, Carex sp. etc.. 2.Western Shantung plain: This region is located at the western part of the province. Most of the land is under cultivation and the soil is rich in calcium. There is no forest. The common trees are Populus tomentosa, P. alba P. davidiana, Ulmus spp. etc., and the herbaceous plants are Cynodon dactilon, Digitaria sanguinalis, Echinochloa colonum, Imperata cylindrica, Chenopodium album, Convolvulus chinensis,Xanthium japonicum, Crypi saculeata, Scirpus maritimus etc.. Plants which grow in the lake district largely belong to Phragmites communis, Scirpus maritimus, Zizania latifolia, Euryale ferox, Trapa bispinosa etc.. 3.Central South hilly region: This region has mostly been transformed into farms for a long time. On the hilly region there are still some remnant forests. The important trees are Pinus tabulaeformis, Biota orientalis. Quercus acutissima, Q. variabilis, Betula chinensis, Tilia mongolica etc.. On account of calcareous soil in this region, Biota orientalis is found most extensively. Gramineae leads all other herbaceous plants in abundance. The following species such as Arundinella amomala, Bothriochloa ischaemum, Setaria viridis, Pennisitum flaccidum etc. have a wide distribution. 4. Shantung Peninsula: The common native plants in this region are Pinus densiflora, Quercus dentata, Q. acutissima, Robinia pseudoacacia, Acer mono etc.. Pious densiflora is a native plant which grows all over the hilly region. Herbaceous plants are mostly Thymus serpyllum, Setaria viridis, S. lutescens etc.. Due to the oceanic climate with higher precipitation and humidity, plants enjoy a more vigorous growth than those in other regions. There develops a richer flora, some even with warm temperate elements.

山东省之位置属于温带,植物分布为落葉闊葉林區,但在鲁中南及膠東區爲丘陵地带,落葉闊葉樹乃與針葉樹成混交林澑鶕∧谥匀粭l件,可将植物分布情况列為四區: 1.黃河冲積平原區:位於北部,為黄河三角地帶,土壤含鹽分甚重,不宜於植物之生長。樹木只有檉柳、茶棵子等;草本以黄鬚菜、鹼蓬、茵陳蒿,獐毛、芒、蘆葦、黑三稜草等最為砇姟?2.魯西平原區:為西部之黄河冲積平原,多為農田,土壤含鈣甚多。區內無森林,常見之樹木有毛白楊、白楊、山楊、榆等?荼居泄费栏ⅠR唐、芒稷、白茅、藜、旋花、蒼耳、隱花草、荆三稜等。湖泊區域多蘆葦、荆三稜、蒲姜草、芡、菱等。3.魯中南區:為丘陵地區,平緩部分已闢為農田。山區有殘留森林,主要樹種為油松、侧柏、麻櫟、栓皮櫟、堅樺、椴等;土壤石灰質,側柏之繁盛為共特點。草本以禾本科為最多,常見的如野古草、白羊草、狗尾草、白草等,此外如細葉莎草、雞眼草、蚊子草等亦為砇姟?4.膠東區:在山東半島部份,主要樹種為赤松、洋槐、麻櫟、五角楓等,赤松自山麓至山上均有分佈,且為其鄉土,此乃本區之特徵;草本以蚊子草、狗尾草、金狗尾草為最多。在海灘地上少有高大樹木,常見樹種如洋槐、旱柳等均為栽培者,野生木...

山东省之位置属于温带,植物分布为落葉闊葉林區,但在鲁中南及膠東區爲丘陵地带,落葉闊葉樹乃與針葉樹成混交林澑鶕∧谥匀粭l件,可将植物分布情况列為四區: 1.黃河冲積平原區:位於北部,為黄河三角地帶,土壤含鹽分甚重,不宜於植物之生長。樹木只有檉柳、茶棵子等;草本以黄鬚菜、鹼蓬、茵陳蒿,獐毛、芒、蘆葦、黑三稜草等最為砇姟?2.魯西平原區:為西部之黄河冲積平原,多為農田,土壤含鈣甚多。區內無森林,常見之樹木有毛白楊、白楊、山楊、榆等?荼居泄费栏ⅠR唐、芒稷、白茅、藜、旋花、蒼耳、隱花草、荆三稜等。湖泊區域多蘆葦、荆三稜、蒲姜草、芡、菱等。3.魯中南區:為丘陵地區,平緩部分已闢為農田。山區有殘留森林,主要樹種為油松、侧柏、麻櫟、栓皮櫟、堅樺、椴等;土壤石灰質,側柏之繁盛為共特點。草本以禾本科為最多,常見的如野古草、白羊草、狗尾草、白草等,此外如細葉莎草、雞眼草、蚊子草等亦為砇姟?4.膠東區:在山東半島部份,主要樹種為赤松、洋槐、麻櫟、五角楓等,赤松自山麓至山上均有分佈,且為其鄉土,此乃本區之特徵;草本以蚊子草、狗尾草、金狗尾草為最多。在海灘地上少有高大樹木,常見樹種如洋槐、旱柳等均為栽培者,野生木本植物有酸棗、舖地胡枝子等;草本植物多蘆葦、狗尾草等。此區氣候由於受篞笳{節,雨量與溼度亦較高,故植物生長較其他三區繁盛,種類亦較多,亞熱带植物之分布亦多於他處,尤以海邊低地為甚。在自然地理上,秦嶺、淮河一線是中國南北氣候和土壤的重要分界線,也是植物的重要分界線。但是從山東的植物分布上,可以知道這條線並不能絕然的将植物分為南北二部分,因為山東仍是一个過渡的地帶,許多南方植物在魯南及膠東沿海都有分佈,如黄檀、山胡椒、烏桖、厚朴、王蘭、木犀、黄楊、谜葉樹等多种。在另一方面,北方植物分佈至山東為其最南界限者如糠椴、遼珍珠梅、遼磯松、榛等;而赤松、蒙古機、蒙椴等則南达苏北之雲台山。由此可加,山東之植物分佈上,仍在秦嶺、淮河一線之範圍内,如以淮河來作為植物之南北分界線,则并不能完全符合實際情况,尤以膠東沿海低地,南方植物種類繁多,可與淮河流域相此。因此,此一分界线之東端似有北移之必要。山東植物之分佈乃由環境条件综合影響之結果,但在不同地区,各種因素之作用並不一致,由於地形、土壤、温度和水分等之区别而使植物分布不同。本文所举植物種类和分布地點都是從各項资料所得到,作者将其分為四區,並初步提出了這種分区的理由和形成不同分布的原因。但限於材料的不够完全和水平的淺薄,因此本文的內容很不充實, 只能作为令後进一步研究山东植物地理的基础,希望大家提出补充和指出不正确的地方,而使这一项工作能够顺利的完成。

Citrus in South China is affected with a highly destructive disease known as"Yellow shoot".The disease is most serious in the Chaoshan and the Yuehchungdistricts of Kwangtung Province and in the Changchow district of Fukien Province.It has been known in the Chaoshan district for over 70 years but has becomeepiphytotic only since about 30 years ago.During this period,millions of Citrustrees have been killed. Citrus trees may be affected in any age.The characteristic symptoms of thedisease are general yellowing...

Citrus in South China is affected with a highly destructive disease known as"Yellow shoot".The disease is most serious in the Chaoshan and the Yuehchungdistricts of Kwangtung Province and in the Changchow district of Fukien Province.It has been known in the Chaoshan district for over 70 years but has becomeepiphytotic only since about 30 years ago.During this period,millions of Citrustrees have been killed. Citrus trees may be affected in any age.The characteristic symptoms of thedisease are general yellowing of some of the nearly mature new shoots put out insummer,autumn,or early winter,dropping of the yellow leaves,and rotting ofrootlets.In addition to these general symptoms in the early stage,fasciculationof branches and malformation of leaves (abnormally large or deformed in variousways) often occur on Ponkan and Chiaokan (C.reticulata) and are particularlycommon on sweet orange.On affected sweet orange trees may also be seenshortening of internodes,resulting in bunchy growth of branches,and downwardas well as upright growth of shoots.In a later stage,the affected tree puts outnew shoots as usual but such shoots generally become chlorotic showing zinc ormanganese deficiency symptoms.The midrib and lateral veins as well as theadjoining tissues of part of the older leaves turn yellow.The midrib and largerveins may also become enlarged and corky and often split on dorsal side,showingnitrogen and boron deficiency symptoms.Affected trees blossom earlier and moreheavily than usual but bear few fruits.On badly affected trees fruits matureearlier but do not color well and are often deformed.Defoliation and root rottingbecome progressively serious as the disease advances.Young trees below 7 yearsof age generally are killed in 1 to 2 years or sooner.Nursery trees are killedeven more quickly.Older trees decline less rapidly but generally become unpro-ductive in about 2 years after the first symptoms appear. Nearly all the species and varieties of Citrus grown in the affected area aresusceptible.The order of degree of susceptibility is as follows: Ponkan,Chiaokan,Chachihkan,Lukan,Tungkan (all (C.reticulata),various varieties of sweet orange(C.sinensis),Hungninmeng (hybrid of C.lemon and C.rcticulata) Nienchu (C.rcticulata),Shangmayu (C.graudis) and Shihchichu (C.mitis). Studies of the cause of the disease will be reported in a later paper.

广东的潮汕区、新会县、番禺縣、广市郊,福建的龍溪縣、福市郊,和广西的柳城、融縣、兴業縣、郁林縣的柑桔类,都發生一种毁滅性的病害称为黄梢,或黄龍病。病区各种柑桔类的各品种一般都很易感染。其感病程度的次序大約如下:栟柑、蕉柑、茶枝柑、蘆柑、桶柑、各种甜橙、紅檸檬、年桔、桑麻柚及四季桔。用实生苗繁殖的福紅桔及廣柑(橙),和福建龍溪的坪山柚及文旦柚,則未見發病。各齡的柑桔樹——自苗木至20齡以上的老樹——都能感染,一般以3—8齡的幼樹受害最烈?静〉闹饕钗跗诓糠中律业囊度烤然苹T谔鸪取薷毯徒陡躺嫌幸徊糠只苹蛘>G色的叶特别肥大或呈各种畸形狀态,有許多新梢簇生或束化。發病的枝条很快落叶。老枝上的叶有一部分亦黄化脫落。根系腐烂。至發病中期,新梢的叶多呈缺鋅或缺锰病狀,老叶呈缺氮及缺硼病狀,落叶及根腐更嚴重,开花早而多,結果少,部分枝条枯死。到后期,全株嚴重雕殘,終而枯死。本病在70—80年前在廣东潮汕区已有發现,但在近30年來始在各地蔓延成灾壳氨静≡诠愣鄙乔V市郊及新会縣和福建龍溪縣已成为柑枯業發展的限制因素。

Commercial samples of the drug Yuan Hua obtained from 39 Chinese cities and towns have been examined and found that all these samples are the flowers of either Daphne genkwa Sieb.et Zucc.or Wikstroemia chamaedaphne Meisn.,both belong to the family Thymelaeacese. After careful examination and comparison of the descriptions and illustrations of Yuan Hua in ancient Chinese herbals,the author ascertained that the flower of Daphne genka is the Yuan Hun described in Wus Pen Tsao,Ming Yi Bie Lu and Shu Pen Tsdo,it...

Commercial samples of the drug Yuan Hua obtained from 39 Chinese cities and towns have been examined and found that all these samples are the flowers of either Daphne genkwa Sieb.et Zucc.or Wikstroemia chamaedaphne Meisn.,both belong to the family Thymelaeacese. After careful examination and comparison of the descriptions and illustrations of Yuan Hua in ancient Chinese herbals,the author ascertained that the flower of Daphne genka is the Yuan Hun described in Wus Pen Tsao,Ming Yi Bie Lu and Shu Pen Tsdo,it is also the Tsuchow Yuang Hua recorded in Tzeng Lei Pen Tsao;while the flower of Wikstroemia chamaedaphne is the Huang Yuan Hua of Tu Jing Pen Tsao and the Jiangchow Yuan Hua of Tzeng Lei Pen Tsao.This latter species was mistakenly iden- tified as Wikstroemia trichotoma Mak.by Nakao. The morphology,histology as well as the plant habit of the drug Yuan Hua and Huang Yuan Hun are examined and described in detail with twelve illustrations.

“芫花”自古用为逐水药,近年来常被选用作为治疗晚期血吸虫病消除腹水症的药物之一.作者首先就目前国内14省39市(县)52处药材供销部门直接、间接所获得以“芫花”为名的商品材料,参照原植物进行鉴定,计得二种不同的植物来源,即 Daphne genkwaSieb.et Zucc.与 Wikstroemia chamaedaphne Meisn.二种(均同为瑞香科植物),认为商品芫花确有异物同名的问题存在.针对以上情况,作者进行了本草学的考证.结论如下:(1)古本草中对芫花形态较早有完整描述而可借以推定品种的,当为韩保昇(蜀本草)的记载,先前吴普(吴氏本草)、陶氏(名医别录)之所言,虽较简略,但亦十分重要.反复考证,认为自吴普以来的本草正品芫花应为 Daphne genkwa Sieb.et Zucc.亦即‘证类本草’之“滁芫花”.(2)‘证类本草’之“绵芫花”其图外表与“滁芫花”虽有出入,但多方面证明,实际上与“滁芫花”为同种.(3)‘证类本草’之“绛芫花”即‘图经’之“黄芫花”,其原植物应为 Wikstroemia cha-maedaphne...

“芫花”自古用为逐水药,近年来常被选用作为治疗晚期血吸虫病消除腹水症的药物之一.作者首先就目前国内14省39市(县)52处药材供销部门直接、间接所获得以“芫花”为名的商品材料,参照原植物进行鉴定,计得二种不同的植物来源,即 Daphne genkwaSieb.et Zucc.与 Wikstroemia chamaedaphne Meisn.二种(均同为瑞香科植物),认为商品芫花确有异物同名的问题存在.针对以上情况,作者进行了本草学的考证.结论如下:(1)古本草中对芫花形态较早有完整描述而可借以推定品种的,当为韩保昇(蜀本草)的记载,先前吴普(吴氏本草)、陶氏(名医别录)之所言,虽较简略,但亦十分重要.反复考证,认为自吴普以来的本草正品芫花应为 Daphne genkwa Sieb.et Zucc.亦即‘证类本草’之“滁芫花”.(2)‘证类本草’之“绵芫花”其图外表与“滁芫花”虽有出入,但多方面证明,实际上与“滁芫花”为同种.(3)‘证类本草’之“绛芫花”即‘图经’之“黄芫花”,其原植物应为 Wikstroemia cha-maedaphne Meisn.日本学者中尾万三误以为是 Wikstroemia trichotoma Mak.应予改正。(4)通过古本草的考证,认为 Dephne genkwa Sieb.et Zucc.与 Wikstroemia chamae-daphne Meisn.二者在“逐水”功用上相似,可以互相代用,但其它疗效未尽相同.为了保证临床用药的质量,弄清芫花品种,建议将后者按宋代苏颂‘图经’“黄芫花”之名而予以复名,俾与正品芫花相区别.(5)黄芫花商品夹杂物(叶、花轴、果实等)太多,通常为30—50%,与古人药用花蕾之旨不合,对预期的疗效可能有一定的影响,夹杂物许可存在的量,在商品标准规格制订以前似可按正品芫花现行情况作参考(一般应在10%以下).

 
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