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普通菜豆
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  common bean
     ORIGIN,EVOLUTION AND GENETIC RESOURCES OF THE COMMON BEAN
     普通菜豆的起源、进化和遗传资源
短句来源
     Identification and Molecular Marker for the Resistance Genes to Anthracnose in Common Bean
     普通菜豆抗炭疽病基因鉴定与分子标记
短句来源
     36 paris of SSR informative primer combinations were employed to assess the genetic variation of 377 common bean accessions (332 Chinese common bean accessions, 16 alien common bean accessions and 29 wild bean accessions).
     利用36对SSR引物对377份菜豆种质资源(我国普通菜豆332份,国外普通菜豆16份,野生菜豆29份)的基因组DNA进行扩增,结果如下:
短句来源
     The average diversity index of Chinese common bean was 1.632 while alien common's was 1.227. The first and second principal components totally represented 46% of morphological diversity.
     我国普通菜豆种质资源平均多样性指数为1.632,国外材料为1.227; 通过多变量的主成分分析,第一主成分和第二主成分一共代表了普通菜豆形态多样性的46%;
短句来源
     The results showed that the morphological diversity was high among the accessions assessed. The average diversity index (1.632) was 40.5% higher than that of alien common bean germplasm.
     结果表明,我国普通菜豆种质资源具有丰富的形态多样性,平均多样性指数为1.632,高于国外材料(1.227)40.5%。
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  common bea n
     ORIGIN,EVOLUTION AND GENETIC RESOURCES OF THE COMMON BEAN
     普通菜豆的起源、进化和遗传资源
短句来源
     Identification and Molecular Marker for the Resistance Genes to Anthracnose in Common Bean
     普通菜豆抗炭疽病基因鉴定与分子标记
短句来源
     36 paris of SSR informative primer combinations were employed to assess the genetic variation of 377 common bean accessions (332 Chinese common bean accessions, 16 alien common bean accessions and 29 wild bean accessions).
     利用36对SSR引物对377份菜豆种质资源(我国普通菜豆332份,国外普通菜豆16份,野生菜豆29份)的基因组DNA进行扩增,结果如下:
短句来源
     The average diversity index of Chinese common bean was 1.632 while alien common's was 1.227. The first and second principal components totally represented 46% of morphological diversity.
     我国普通菜豆种质资源平均多样性指数为1.632,国外材料为1.227; 通过多变量的主成分分析,第一主成分和第二主成分一共代表了普通菜豆形态多样性的46%;
短句来源
     The results showed that the morphological diversity was high among the accessions assessed. The average diversity index (1.632) was 40.5% higher than that of alien common bean germplasm.
     结果表明,我国普通菜豆种质资源具有丰富的形态多样性,平均多样性指数为1.632,高于国外材料(1.227)40.5%。
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  “普通菜豆”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Six cultivars of Zihua, Bayuelu, Jiangjun, 73-8, 96-9, and 9z622 were used to extract high-quality genomic DNA by using the improved SDS method.
     以紫花、八月绿、将军、73-8、96-9、9z622等6个普通菜豆品种为试材,采用改良的SDS法提取了高质量的基因组DNA。
短句来源
     The first and second principal components totally represented 44% of morphological diversity.
     通过多变量的主成分分析,第一主成分和第二主成分代表了普通菜豆形态多样性的44%。
短句来源
     The genetic similar degree is 6.90 as threshold. Cluster (UPGMA) and principal coordinate analyses identified beans of Heilongjiang province as a distinct group with the rest.
     以遗传相似度0.690为阈值,经UPGMA聚类分析,可以将油豆角和普通菜豆分为两大类。
短句来源
     Based on morphological data, 324 accessions were clustered into 3 groups .
     基于形态性状,把324份普通菜豆种质聚类并划分为三大组群。
短句来源
     All the results obtained in the present study confirmed that Yunnan and Guizhou province were secondary origin center of common bean-China center.
     综合分析本研究结果,初步推断云南和贵州等省为普通菜豆次级起源中心—“中国中心”。
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  common bean
Temporal changes in genetic diversity of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) accessions cultivated between 1800 and 2000
      
Fourteen microsatellite markers were used to describe genetic diversity in a sample of 128 common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) accessions cultivated within the territory of Slovenia and its nearby regions between 1800 and 2000.
      
The calculation of number of alleles per locus revealed no significant quantitative change in genetic diversity over the last 200 years of common bean cultivation.
      
Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, the causal agent of anthracnose in the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), presents a wide genetic and pathogenic variability that gives rise to complications in the development of resistant bean cultivars.
      
Virulence in Meloidogyne hapla differentiated by resistance in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)
      
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The content and nutritional value of five major nutritive factors in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) grain were expounded. Some major eating methods and new processing techniques for common bean grain and green pod were also discussed with the purpose to give reference for common bean exploitation and utilization.

本文系统阐述了普通菜豆籽粒中五大主要营养物质的含量及营养特点,提出了国内外菜豆的主要食用方法和加工技术,旨在为更加深入地开发和利用菜豆提供参考依据。

Common bean is one of the most important leguminous crops in the world. Studies indicated that common bean originated from two indepentent centers of diversit,and had respectively been domesticated and cultivated in the two centers before they were introduced to the rest of the world.During the long process of domestication and cultivation, evolutionary forces have brought about morphological, physiological and genctic changes in the common bean hence forming abundant genetic resources for this species. This...

Common bean is one of the most important leguminous crops in the world. Studies indicated that common bean originated from two indepentent centers of diversit,and had respectively been domesticated and cultivated in the two centers before they were introduced to the rest of the world.During the long process of domestication and cultivation, evolutionary forces have brought about morphological, physiological and genctic changes in the common bean hence forming abundant genetic resources for this species. This article gives a brief review of the research progress on the above subjects and proposes future perspectives for the evaluation and utilization of the common bean genetic resources.

普通菜豆(PhaseolusvulgarisL.)是世界上重要的豆科作物之一,据研究,普通菜豆起源于两个独立的多样性中心,并分别在这两个中心被驯化成栽培植物,然后才逐渐被引人世界各地。在长期的驯化和栽培过程中,进化力促使普通菜豆在形态、生理和遗传特性等方面发生了较大的演变,从而形成了丰富的遗传资源。本文就上述的研究进展作一简要综述,并就今后普通菜豆遗传资源的评价和利用工作提出一些见解。

Nearly 100 000 accessions of germplasm resources of 15 different food crops were evaulated for quality characteristics during the period of the 7th, 8th, and 9th Five year plan in China. These crops include rice, wheat, barley, oats, buckwheat, corn, foxtail millet, broom millet, sorghum, faba bean, pea, mung bean, red bean, cowpea and common bean. Analysis on the verification data indicated that the quality trait indexes of all evaluated crops showed high variation. The variation range of crude protein,...

Nearly 100 000 accessions of germplasm resources of 15 different food crops were evaulated for quality characteristics during the period of the 7th, 8th, and 9th Five year plan in China. These crops include rice, wheat, barley, oats, buckwheat, corn, foxtail millet, broom millet, sorghum, faba bean, pea, mung bean, red bean, cowpea and common bean. Analysis on the verification data indicated that the quality trait indexes of all evaluated crops showed high variation. The variation range of crude protein, crude fat, lysine, total starch, amylose and amylopectin of most crops was described in this paper. So was the variation range of protein free extraction and saccharogenic power of some barley varieties, oleic aid and linoleic acid of oats, Vitamin E and niacin of buckwheat, oleic aid, linoleic acid and palmitic acid of maize, Vitamin B 1, Vitamin B 2 and Vitamin E of millet and tannin content of sorghum. Therefore, there are great potentialities for selection in the germplasm resources available for good varieties and development of famous precious special foods. The good varieties with different uses are listed.

报道了我国“七五”、“八五”、“九五”期间 ,对水稻、小麦、大麦、燕麦、荞麦、玉米、谷子、黍稷、高粱、蚕豆、豌豆、绿豆、小豆、豇豆和普通菜豆等 15种粮食作物近 10万份种质资源品质性状的鉴定结果 ;总结了各种作物粗蛋白、粗脂肪、赖氨酸、总淀粉、直链淀粉和支链淀粉的变异范围 ;分析了一些水稻材料的糊化温度和胶稠度 ,一些小麦材料的沉淀值、硬度和容重 ,一些大麦材料的无蛋白提取物和糖化力 ,燕麦的油酸和亚油酸 ,荞麦的维生素E和PP ,玉米的油酸、亚油酸和棕榈酸 ,谷子的维生素B1、B2 和E ,高粱的鞣酸等的变异范围。结果表明 ,各种作物各个品质性状指标的变异范围都很大。利用现有种质资源选育优质品种 ,对发展名特优食品潜力很大。还列举了不同用途的优质品种

 
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