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口苦
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  bitter taste in the mouth
     4. In improving the patients’ symptoms such as hot flashes, excessive sweats, dizziness, headache, palpitation, flushed face, insomnia, menstrual changes, restlessness, lassitude in the loins and knees, irritability, distending pain in the hypochondrium and bitter taste in the mouth, the experimental group was better than the control group.
     4. 症状改善情况:治疗组在改善患者潮热汗出、头晕头痛、心悸怔忡、面色红赤、失眠多梦、月经紊乱、心烦不宁、腰膝酸软、烦躁易怒、胁痛口苦等症状方面优于对照组,两者比较,差异显著,P< 0.05;
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     to add to liver- gall if with bitter taste in the mouth and sighing usually.
     纳差痰多加脾,口苦、善叹息加肝胆穴等。
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     Result Some symptoms of Chinese medicine were correlated significantly to GAD, such as impetuosity and susceptibility to rage, preference for sighing, obstructive sensation in the throat, bitter taste in the mouth, dizziness and palpitation (P<0.05).
     结果与广泛性焦虑症有显著性正相关的中医症状有性情急躁易怒、喜太息、咽中如有物阻、口苦、头昏、心悸(P<0.05);
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  bitter taste
     The incidence of bitter taste and dry nose in Azelastine group were 8 8% and 8 8% respectively, and in Levocabastine group the incidence of dry nose and dry mouth were 16 4% and 9 6%.
     氮卓斯丁组主要副作用为鼻干 8 8%、口苦 8 8% ,左卡巴斯丁组主要副作用为鼻干 16 4 %、口干 9 6 %。
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     Improvement of abdominal distention,bitter taste, fatigue and anorexia in treatment group was superior to those in control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01).
     治疗组腹胀、口苦、乏力、纳呆症状的改善明显优于对照组 (P <0 .0 5或P <0 .0 1)。
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     Symptoms such as dry throat with bitter taste and irritability were more markedly relieved in Group ll as compared with Group I (P< 0.05 ).
     治疗组在改善咽干口苦、心烦易怒等伴随症状方面优于对照组( P<0 .05) ;
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     in nine patients with xerostomia or bitter taste, no one was cured, five improved,and the effective rate was 5/9;
     口干或口苦 9例中治愈 0例 ,好转 5例 ,有效率为 5 /9;
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     Result Some symptoms of Chinese medicine were correlated significantly to GAD, such as impetuosity and susceptibility to rage, preference for sighing, obstructive sensation in the throat, bitter taste in the mouth, dizziness and palpitation (P<0.05).
     结果与广泛性焦虑症有显著性正相关的中医症状有性情急躁易怒、喜太息、咽中如有物阻、口苦、头昏、心悸(P<0.05);
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  “口苦”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The clinical manifestations were stomach duck pain (86 patients),fulless of abdonen (72),anorexia (90) ,eructation (34),bitterness of the mouth (20) .
     临床表现胃脘痛者86例,胃脘胀满72例,纳呆90例,嗳气34例,口苦20例。
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     Results There was significant difference in xerostomia, bitterness, nausea, vomit, anorexia and astriction, especially in astriction, between the two groups (all P <0 01).
     结果两组病人口干、口苦、恶心呕吐、食欲差、便秘等项阶段评分比较 ,差异有显著性意义 (P<0 .0 5 ) ,便秘的各阶段及总分与对照组比较 ,均 P<0 .0 5。
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     Least adverse reaction was tired and thirsty (5%) in group D.
     口服缓释片 0 .5 g·d- 1,不良反应最小 ,5 %有乏力和口干口苦
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     The main etiology of Chaihujialugumulitang decoction syndrome is psychiatric stimulation, and the main diseases are psychiatric diseases, with the main symptoms like chest coerce bitter, fidgety, insomnia, constipation, stony expression, frightening, depression, etc. The main mechanisms is the stagnation of liver-Qi.
     柴胡加龙骨牡蛎汤证以精神刺激为主要病因,神志疾病为主要病种,胸满、烦躁、口苦、神情呆滞、惊恐、精神抑郁、失眠、便秘等为主要症状,肝气郁滞或兼痰热内扰心神为基本病机,与原文相比应用范围扩大,由原书的误治变证,转以神志疾病为主。
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     1 The observed of treatment effectiveness: (1) Accumulated score of symptom;
     4.1.1中医辨证要求的症状、体征:院胁胀满、胃肮疼痛、神疲乏力、胃纳减少、暖气、反酸、口干、口苦、大便塘、大便不爽。
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  bitter taste in the mouth
If bitter taste in the mouth is a major problem for patients, punctal occlusion may be considered, although this is not always helpful.
      
  bitter taste
Overall, nausea/vomiting and "bitter taste" were the most common complaints.
      
Nitazoxanide appears in limited studies to be as effective as tinidazole or metronidazole, and it does not have the bitter taste of nitroimidazoles.
      
Recent advances in the identification and cloning of the complete repertoire of genes of this family in humans and rodents provide an opportunity to address unresolved questions in bitter taste.
      
The consumption of solutions of quinine which were initially equally aversive did not increase, suggesting that the repeated pairing of a bitter taste with relief of thirst did not account for the preferences for the morphine solutions.
      
There was also evidence that the bitter taste of morphine had become a secondary reinforcer for rats with established preferences.
      
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Xiao Xianxiong Tang, one of the prescriptions in Treatise on Febrile Diseases Caused by Cold, is composed of three drugs, i. e. Rhizoma Coptidis, Rhizoma Pinelliae and Fructus Trichosanthis. This paper has counted and analysed the 367 cases, comparatively well recorded, treated with Xiao Xianxiong Tang by ancient and modern physicians. The results are. that the main pathological position is in the stomach, next in the liver and the Iung; that the basic pathogenesis is the congelation of heat with phlegm which...

Xiao Xianxiong Tang, one of the prescriptions in Treatise on Febrile Diseases Caused by Cold, is composed of three drugs, i. e. Rhizoma Coptidis, Rhizoma Pinelliae and Fructus Trichosanthis. This paper has counted and analysed the 367 cases, comparatively well recorded, treated with Xiao Xianxiong Tang by ancient and modern physicians. The results are. that the main pathological position is in the stomach, next in the liver and the Iung; that the basic pathogenesis is the congelation of heat with phlegm which leads to disturbance in ascending and descending of the functional activities of qi; that the main symptoms are stomach and abdominal pain, fever, constipation, inappetence and feeling of fullness in stomach and abdomen; that the reference syndromes are distension and pain in the chest and hypochondrium, nausea, vomiting, cough, shorthess of breath, yellow and ropy sputum, bitter taste, thirsty, headache, insomnia, dysphoric, yellow urine, loose stool, red tongue with yellow and greasy fur, slippery or taut, rapid, floating pulse. It makes efforts for the standardization of the differentiation of syndromes of Xiao Xianxiong Tang.

《伤寒论》小陷胸汤由黄连、瓜蒌、半夏3味药物组成。文章对古今记录较完整的应用小陷胸汤的医案367例进行统计分析,认为本方证的病位主要在胃,其次为肝、肺;基本病机为痰热互结,气机升降失调;主要症状有脘腹痛、发热、便秘、食欲不振、脘腹痞满,参考症状有胸胁胀满疼痛、恶心呕吐、咳嗽短气、痰黄粘稠、口苦、口渴、头痛、失眠、烦躁、尿黄、便溏等;舌质红、苔黄腻,脉滑、弦、数、浮。为小陷胸汤证的规范化做了努力。

AIM To study the therapeutic effect of Chinese herus wuji capsule on chronic atrophic gastritis.METHODS One-hundred petients with chronic atrophic gastritis were treated with wuji capsule. Of them, 42(42% ) were mild, 38(38% ) mtherate and 20(20% ) sever atrophic gastritis and 41 (41% ) and 13(13% ) accompanied with intestinal metaplasia (IM) and Ⅰ degree dysplasia (Dys), respectively. Of the 100 patients, 63 were men and 37 were women, aged 30 - 65 years, and the mean age was 51 ±8 years. The clinicaI manifestations...

AIM To study the therapeutic effect of Chinese herus wuji capsule on chronic atrophic gastritis.METHODS One-hundred petients with chronic atrophic gastritis were treated with wuji capsule. Of them, 42(42% ) were mild, 38(38% ) mtherate and 20(20% ) sever atrophic gastritis and 41 (41% ) and 13(13% ) accompanied with intestinal metaplasia (IM) and Ⅰ degree dysplasia (Dys), respectively. Of the 100 patients, 63 were men and 37 were women, aged 30 - 65 years, and the mean age was 51 ±8 years. The clinicaI manifestations were stomach duck pein (86 patients ), fulless of abdomen (72 ),anorexia (90), eructation (34 ), bitterness of the mouth (20). After treatpent for three months the improvement of patients' symptoms, atrophy of gastric mucosa, IM and Dys were analysed.RESULTS After 3 months with Wu ji capsule, 7 Pstients were recovered, 48 very effective, 34 improved, and 11inflecive. The total efficacy was 89% with 4 normality,and 5 no change. Of the 38 patients with moderate atrophic gastritis, 17 became mild atrophic gastritis, 14 superficial gastritis, 3 normality and 4 no changes. Of the 20 severe atrophic gastritis, 10 turned into moderate atrophic gastritis, 8 superficial gastritis and 2 had no changes. of the 26 patients with mild IM, IM disappered in 20, and 6 had no changes. Of the 8 patients with moderate IM, IM disappeared in 1,4 changed into mild IM,and 3 had no changes. Of the 7 patients with sever IM, 2changed into moderate IM, 2 mild IM, and 3 had no changes. Of the 13 Patients with Ⅰdegree Dys, Dys disappeared in 7 and 6 had no chanpes.CONCLUSION Wu ji capsule has better therapeutic efferts on choric atrophic gastritis.

目的观察中药戊己胶囊对慢性萎缩性胃炎的治疗效果方法慢性萎缩性胃炎患者100例,应用戊己胶囊(柴胡、白术、佛手、蒲公英等9味药组成)进行治疗.其中轻度萎缩性胃炎42例,中度38例,重度20例,伴肠腺化生41例.Ⅰ°不典型增生13例、男63例,女37例.年龄30岁~65岁,平均51岁±8岁,病程6mo~100mo,平均60.0mo±18.5mo.临床表现胃脘病者86例,胃脘胀满72例,纳呆90例,嗳气34例,口苦20例.连用3mo后,对患者的临床症状、胃粘膜的改善情况进行比较分析.结果经戊已胶囊治疗3mo,临床治愈7例,显效48例,有效34例,无效11例,愈显率55.0%,总有效率为89.0%.轻度萎缩性胃炎42例中有33例转为浅表性胃炎,4例恢复正常,5例无变化;中度萎缩性胃炎38例中间例转为轻度萎缩性胃炎,14例转为浅表性胃炎,3例恢复正常,4例无变化;重度萎缩性胃炎20例中10例转为中度萎缩性胃炎,8例转为浅表性胃炎,2例无变化.肠腺化生轻度26例中消失20例,无变化6例;中度8例,转为轻度化生4例,消失1例,3例无变化;重度7例中有2例转为中度,2例转为轻度化生,3例无变化Ⅰ°不典型增生13例...

目的观察中药戊己胶囊对慢性萎缩性胃炎的治疗效果方法慢性萎缩性胃炎患者100例,应用戊己胶囊(柴胡、白术、佛手、蒲公英等9味药组成)进行治疗.其中轻度萎缩性胃炎42例,中度38例,重度20例,伴肠腺化生41例.Ⅰ°不典型增生13例、男63例,女37例.年龄30岁~65岁,平均51岁±8岁,病程6mo~100mo,平均60.0mo±18.5mo.临床表现胃脘病者86例,胃脘胀满72例,纳呆90例,嗳气34例,口苦20例.连用3mo后,对患者的临床症状、胃粘膜的改善情况进行比较分析.结果经戊已胶囊治疗3mo,临床治愈7例,显效48例,有效34例,无效11例,愈显率55.0%,总有效率为89.0%.轻度萎缩性胃炎42例中有33例转为浅表性胃炎,4例恢复正常,5例无变化;中度萎缩性胃炎38例中间例转为轻度萎缩性胃炎,14例转为浅表性胃炎,3例恢复正常,4例无变化;重度萎缩性胃炎20例中10例转为中度萎缩性胃炎,8例转为浅表性胃炎,2例无变化.肠腺化生轻度26例中消失20例,无变化6例;中度8例,转为轻度化生4例,消失1例,3例无变化;重度7例中有2例转为中度,2例转为轻度化生,3例无变化Ⅰ°不典型增生13例中有7例恢复正常,6例无变化结论戊己胶囊对慢性萎缩性胃炎有良好的治疗作用,对气滞型和虚寒型疗效相同.

Treatment of Oo-phoritic Cyst based on Qi ,Blood, Phlegm and fluid was discussed acording to pathogenic basis, clinical feature,principle of treatment and prescription. The pathogenic core was the metabolic disorder of Qi, blood, phiegm and fluid . The principle of treatment is treating the qi, blood, phlegm and fluid simultaneously.

中医辨证治疗输卵管结扎术后综合症44例云南省曲靖地区二医院(655000)朱竹焕输卵管结扎术是计划生育中的一个较大的手术,也是农村计划生育的常见手术。由于受术者的精神因素及手术的感染等原因,致临床上出现少腹疼痛,发热、口苦、食少,甚则少腹牵引腰背疼痛...

 
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