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冷习服     
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  cold acclimatization
     EVALUATION OF COLD ACCLIMATIZATION FOR MILITARY PERSONNEL
     部队人员冷习服程度的评价
短句来源
     Methods: Cold vaso-reaction index (VRCI) was examined to evaluate the cold acclimatization ability.
     方法 :检测寒冷血管反应指数 (VRCI) ,评价冷习服能力 ;
短句来源
     INFLUENCE OF COLD ACCLIMATIZATION ON HEMORHEOLOGICAL BEHAVIOR IN RATS WITH FROSTBITE
     冷习服对冻伤大鼠血液流变性质的影响
短句来源
     A STUDY ON THE IMPROVEMENT IN THE ABILITY OF COLD ACCLIMATIZATION BY ACANTHOPANAX SENTICOSUS
     刺五加复方口服液提高冷习服能力的研究
短句来源
     DISTRIBUTION CHARACTERISTICS OF WIND CHILL INDEX IN NORTHEAST CHINA AND ITS APPLICATION ON PROGRAMMING COLD ACCLIMATIZATION TRAINING
     东北地区风寒指数气候特征与冷习服锻炼日期的确定
短句来源
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  cold acclimation
     Conclusion: High fat diet could accelerate the cold acclimation in rat. VC,VE and zinc had synergistic effects in cold tolerance improvement.
     结论 :高脂饲料可提高大鼠耐寒力 ,加速冷习服 ,VC、VE、Zn可协同脂肪提高耐寒力 ;
短句来源
     Some of the rats in group②③④ were killed to determine the biochemical indexes. The rest were kept in room temperature for 1 week, then exposed to 0±1 ℃ for 3 weeks to Abstract the formation time of cold acclimation.
     ②③④组部分处死测生化指标 ,其余复温后室温饲养 1周 ,再于 0± 1℃冷暴露 3周观察冷习服状况 ,检测脂代谢和酶学指标。
短句来源
     Results:(1) Changes of serum amino acids and minerals in mice during cold acclimation: Most of the amino acid and mineral levels showed declining tendency after 10 d- cold exposure and obviously rose after 20 d (P<0.05,P<0.01) ,and restored to normal after 30 d.
     结果 :(1)冷习服过程中小鼠血清氨基酸和矿物质含量的变化 :冷暴露 10d ,多数呈下降趋势 ; 冷暴露 2 0d ,则明显升高(P <0 .0 5 ,P <0 .0 1) ;
短句来源
     These results suggested that the metabolism and ability to resist cold injury of vascular endothelial cells were enhanced by cold acclimation.
     冻后4h冷习服冻伤组CEC数明显低于未冷习服冻伤组。 结果提示,冷习服后大鼠血管内皮细胞代谢旺盛、更新加速,且其抗冷损伤的能力增加。
短句来源
     Effects of Cold Acclimation on Microcirculation of Hamster Cheek Pouch with Severe Frostbite
     冷习服对重度冻伤地鼠颊囊微循环的影响
短句来源
更多       
  acclimatization
     EVALUATION OF COLD ACCLIMATIZATION FOR MILITARY PERSONNEL
     部队人员冷习服程度的评价
短句来源
     Methods: Cold vaso-reaction index (VRCI) was examined to evaluate the cold acclimatization ability.
     方法 :检测寒冷血管反应指数 (VRCI) ,评价冷习服能力 ;
短句来源
     INFLUENCE OF COLD ACCLIMATIZATION ON HEMORHEOLOGICAL BEHAVIOR IN RATS WITH FROSTBITE
     冷习服对冻伤大鼠血液流变性质的影响
短句来源
     These results could be for reference to evaluate cold acclimatization.
     这一结果可为评价冷习服程度提供参考
短句来源
     Objective:To study the changes of essential amino acids and 14 minerals in serum during cold acclimatization so as to provide reliable basis for guiding the dietary pattern, meal planning of the army in cold area and ensuring service hygiene.
     目的 :研究冷习服机体血清必需氨基酸、14种矿物质含量的变化 ,为指导寒区部队的膳食结构 ,营养配餐 ,做好卫勤保障工作提供的依据。
短句来源
更多       
  cold-acclimation
     EFFECT OF COLD-ACCLIMATION ON SEVERE FROSTBITE IN RATS
     冷习服对大鼠抗冻能力的影响
短句来源
     ffects of cold-acclimation and severe frostbite in Wistar rats were investigated.
     实验观察了冷习服及性别对大鼠重度冻伤的影响。
短句来源
     The experi-mental result shows that the tissue survival area(TSA)of frostbitten feet of cold-acclimated (CA) rats is higher than that of non cold-acclimated(NCA)rats obviously. Such a situation is in both sexes,whichsuggests that cold-acclimation training lower the extent of tissue after severe frostbite.
     重度冻伤后,冷习服(CA)大鼠冻足组织存活面积(TSA)较未冷习服(NCA)大鼠冻足TSA明显增高(P<0.01),雄、雌大鼠皆如此。
短句来源

 

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      cold acclimatization
    It is concluded that disparities between the effects of cold acclimatization and cold acclimation could result from the influence of additional environmental cues, such as photoperiod, in cold acclimatized mice.
          
    It appears that local cold acclimatization is inhibited or prolonged at altitude and therefore heat output from the hand cannot be used as an indicator to judge the process of cold acclimatization at altitude.
          
    Changing cold acclimatization patterns of men living in Antarctica
          
    An early form of cold acclimatization developed within a month of arriving in Antarctica in which the cold stress response was characterised by cooler peripheral temperatures than in the pre-Antarctic series.
          
    The reduction in plasma cortisol concentration at the end of the cold stresses in Antarctica compared with those in Melbourne was a further indication of the establishment of cold acclimatization.
          
    更多          
      cold acclimation
    We suggest that the ABA-induced decrease in the levels of proteins and MTs occurs at the initial stages of plant cold acclimation (3°C, 2-3 days).
          
    As the duration of cold acclimation increased (3°C, 7 days), the role of ABA in the formation of plant tolerance decreased.
          
    Transcription of Cbice53 gene was induced transiently during salt and cold treatments, suggesting that it was somehow involved in cold acclimation.
          
    Cold acclimation enhanced, and ABA treatment reduced, the concentration of calreticulins in root cells.
          
    Oryzalin-Induced Changes in Water Status and Cytoskeleton Proteins of Winter Wheat Seedlings upon Cold Acclimation and ABA Treat
          
    更多          
      acclimatization
    Genetic Changes in Pink Salmon Oncorhynchus gorbuscha Walbaum during Acclimatization in the White Sea Basin
          
    Acclimatization of Pink Salmon Oncorhynchus gorbuscha Walbaum in the European North: mtDNA Restriction Data
          
    As a result of the successful acclimatization in the Azov basin, haarder Liza haematocheila has become a commercial species and is currently among the main commercial items.
          
    All plantlets that survived acclimatization grew well in the pots.
          
    The goal of acclimatization to high altitude is not to avoid AMS but to prevent HAPE and/or HACE.
          
    更多          
      cold-acclimation
    In the present work, the cold-acclimation properties of an ABA-deficient mutant (aba) of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh.
          
    As a beginning we have mapped three loci detected by a cold-acclimation-responsive cDNA.
          
    Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis was performed at different time points during cold-acclimation of a tetraploid F2 Salix pedigree.
          
    Using a genetic map of the F2 composed of 432 single-dose AFLP markers, a total of 19 genomic regions controlling freezing resistance (10) and phenological traits (9) before and during cold-acclimation (SD-LT) were identified.
          
    The single QTL detected for non-acclimated freezing resistance did not reach significance at any time point during cold-acclimation, suggesting an independent genetic relationship between non-acclimated and acclimated resistance to freezing in Salix.
          
    更多          


    Sixty-nine young males were divided into four groups. Cold and heat training groups,and the corresponding control groups.After 5-wk and 2-wk of training period respectively,the cold and heat training groups were both acclimated.After cold acclimation, the metabolic rate was reduced under normal temperature; the increasing scope reduced by 50% under Td -5.5℃ for 40 min.It rose by 14.3-15.4% for 80min as compared with for 40min,and the increasing scope changed from negative to positive value.It rose by 21.4-23.6%again...

    Sixty-nine young males were divided into four groups. Cold and heat training groups,and the corresponding control groups.After 5-wk and 2-wk of training period respectively,the cold and heat training groups were both acclimated.After cold acclimation, the metabolic rate was reduced under normal temperature; the increasing scope reduced by 50% under Td -5.5℃ for 40 min.It rose by 14.3-15.4% for 80min as compared with for 40min,and the increasing scope changed from negative to positive value.It rose by 21.4-23.6%again for 120min as compared with for 80min.However,in the cold control group,the increasing scope was quite wide in the initial period but rose only by 0.4% and 16.3% in the middle and late periods respectively.Shivering was delayed and to a smaller extent in the training group.After heat acclimation,the metabolic rate was elevated under normal temperature, the increasing scope rose by 6.9-10.6%and 4.4-16.6% as compared with that in the pre-training period in bicycle ergometer(100w) under Td 37℃ and Td 24℃ for 30min and to exhaustion respectively, and the power of exhaustion was also elevated significantly.However,it reduced by 9% and 15.3% under Td 37℃, and it rose by 4.1% and 18.1% under Td 24℃ under the same condition in heat control groups respectively,while the power of exhaustion did ont change obviously. The metabolic rate during the training course on the 2nd and 3nd day of the initial period was reduced to 80% and 74% on the 7th and 8th day of the late period in cross-country race and long running respectively,while the metabolic rate of heat marching was reduced by 3% in training group and only 1% in heat control group.

    69名男性青年,分成冷,热锻炼和相关的对照4大组。冷,热锻炼分别为5和2周,获得了习服。冷习服后常温下代谢率降低,在Td—5.5℃ 40min增幅降低50%,80min较40min增高14.3~15.4%,并由负值变为正值,120min较80min又增高21.4~23.6%。冷对照组初期增幅较大,中期和后期仅分别增高0.4%和16.3%。锻炼组寒颤迟。程度轻.热习服后常温下代谢率较高,在Td37℃和Td24℃分别踏车(100W)30min和力竭功量时,代谢率较锻练前增高6.9~10.6%和4.4~16.6%,力竭功量显著增加。热对照组在Td37℃时减少9%和15.3%,Td24℃时则增高4.1%和18.1%,力竭功量变化不显著。在越野或长跑锻炼过程中,后7.8天代谢率仅为头2.3天的80%和74%,锻炼组热行军代谢率降低3%,对照组仅降低1%。

    n this study

    本文选择入伍二年北方籍战士60人,分成1Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ组,分别服用人参多糖、刺五加和安慰剂口服液。观察服用上述药物是否有提高和加速冷适应能力的作用。其结果(1)Ⅰ、Ⅱ组尿VMA排出量第10、20k与实验前比有明显增加(P<0.05和P<0.01),Ⅲ组尿vMA排出量低于Ⅰ、Ⅱ组(P<0.05)。(2)血液流变学指标(全血粘度,总周阻力,微循环半更新时间,心肌氧耗指数)Ⅰ、Ⅱ组比实验前有明显差异(P<0.05)。(3)手指在0℃冰水中,实验前三组均有疼痛感,服药期间第5、10天,Ⅰ、Ⅱ组与实验前比较,疼痛者明显减少(p<0.05和p<0.01),第20天Ⅰ、Ⅱ组已无疼痛者,而Ⅲ组仍有20%人有疼痛。通过本次实验观察说明,此二药可能有提高或促进冷习服作用。

    Cold adaptation of new soldiers in cold area after training in the open air and washing face 11ands and feet using cold water was studied. he results showed that this training would quickening the soldiers'cold adaptation and stronghen the soldiers acclinatization ability to cold. It demonstrated that greater physical load and cold stimulation could shorten the time of cold adaptation

    对新入寒区的新兵采取加强户外锻练.用冷水洗脸、手及脚的方法加速冷习服。结果表明上述锻练方法可使战士的冷习服速度加快.对寒冷的适应性增强,说明较大体力负荷的锻练和较强的冷刺激强度能缩短冷适应的时间。

     
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