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科学     
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  scientific
    Research on Hempel's Theory of Scientific Explanation
    亨普尔科学解释理论研究
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    Reality and the Truth of Scientific Theory
    实在与科学理论的真理性
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    ON THE EXPLORATION OF BUILDING SCIENTIFIC VIEWPOINT OF CHEMICAL HISTORY
    关于建立科学的化学史观的探索
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    SCIENCE, CULTURE, HISTORY OF SCIENCE, HUMANISM——Review C. P. Snow's "The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution" and G. Sarton's "The History of Science and the New Humanism"
    科学、文化,科学史、人道主义——C.P.斯诺及其《两种文化与科学革命》和G.萨顿及其《科学史和新人道主义》述评
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    WHAT IS A SCIENTIFIC THEORY?
    什么是科学理论——关于理论结构问题的三种观点
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  science
    The Philosophy Research of Science Innovation
    科学创新的哲学研究
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    The Study on Modern Science's Localization Practice in China
    近代科学在中国的本土化实践研究
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    Science:Criticism and Liberty
    科学、批判与自由
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    About the Third National Symposium on the Philosophy of Science
    科学哲学笔谈——第三次全国科学哲学讨论会部分发言和论文摘要
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    Historical Changes in the Structure of Science and Technology——Second commentary on the causes for the backwardness of China's science and technology since the 17th century
    科学技术结构的历史变迁——二论十七世纪之后中国科学技术落后于西方的原因
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  sciences
    The Theory of Knowledge of the Sciences of Complexity
    复杂性科学知识论
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    Studies on the Methodology of Complexity Sciences
    复杂性科学的方法论研究
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    The MAIN SOCIAL CONDITIONS NEEDED FOR DEVELOPMENT OF CHINESE SCIENCES
    发展中国科学事业所需的一些主要社会条件
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    A new analysis of the methodology of deductive sciences
    演绎科学方法论新探
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    The Context Analysis to the Arising of Complexity Sciences
    复杂性科学兴起的语境分析
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  science and
    Historical Changes in the Structure of Science and Technology——Second commentary on the causes for the backwardness of China's science and technology since the 17th century
    科学技术结构的历史变迁——二论十七世纪之后中国科学技术落后于西方的原因
短句来源
    SCIENCE, CULTURE, HISTORY OF SCIENCE, HUMANISM——Review C. P. Snow's "The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution" and G. Sarton's "The History of Science and the New Humanism"
    科学、文化,科学史、人道主义——C.P.斯诺及其《两种文化与科学革命》和G.萨顿及其《科学史和新人道主义》述评
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    Dialectical Unity of Science and Technology
    科学与技术的辩证统一
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    Two Ideological System Dealing with the Relationship between Science and Philosophy ever since the Nineteenth Century
    十九世纪以来科学与哲学关系的两大思想传统
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    Yin and Yang Mode of Thinking and Ancient Chinese Science and Technology
    阴阳思维模式与中国古代科学
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      scientific
    aureus provides scientific evidence for use in skin diseases and toothaches.
          
    A quantity of scientific publications steadily grows from year to year, this implyies that the QSRR enormous advantage and potential in chemistry, biology, and pharmacology.
          
    The generation of good pseudo-random numbers is the base of many important fields in scientific computing, such as randomized algorithms and numerical solution, of stochastic differential equations.
          
    We concluded that the conversion project from croplands to forests and grasslands based on scientific principles is very important in the formation of carbon sinks for reducing greenhouse effects.
          
    In order to provide a scientific foundation for the protection of the Metasequoia resource, it has become necessary to analyze the changes in the original, natural Metasequoia mother trees (ONMMT) and their environment from 1948 to 2003.
          
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      science
    An operational calculus for the euclidean motion group with applications in robotics and polymer science
          
    We demonstrate these tools in the context of applications in robotics and polymer science.
          
    A partial differential equation from polymer science is shown to be solvable using the operational properties of the Euclidean-group Fourier transform.
          
    Nanotechnology is thus expected to thoroughly affect the way science addresses medicine, food, electronics and the environment.
          
    A quantitative structure-retention relationships (QSRR) approach, as one of the all-important areas in modern chemical science, gives knowledge that is practical and necessary for drug design, combinatorial, and medicinal chemistries.
          
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      sciences
    The pharmaceutical sciences are advancing rapidly in the post-genomic era of the 21st century with the completion of the human genome, as well as those of many other organisms including bacteria and parasites, and the rapid advances in proteomics.
          
    The spatial variability of total soil nematodes and trophic groups in bare and fallow plots in Shenyang Experimental Station of Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences was examined using geostatistics combined with classic statistics.
          
    The 90th Anniversary of Sergei Vasil'evich Durmishidze, Member of the Georgian Academy of Sciences (1910-1989)
          
    The lytic activities of 310 cultures from the Collection of Actinomycetes of the Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, National Academy of Sciences of Georgia, were studied; 18% of these strains appeared capable of lysing yeast cell wall.
          
    The 75th Birthday of Martin Ekabovich Beker, Academician of the Latvian Academy of Sciences
          
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      science and
    It is recognized throughout history that understanding the properties of resources and transforming these resources into products are regarded as the nucleus of science and technology.
          
    Understanding the properties of information and transforming the information into products will then play a crucial role in the development of science and technology in the information age.
          
    At the end of this paper, the development directions of mechanical manufacturing science and technology are mentioned.
          
    Unsorted database search is a very important problem in science and technology.
          
    Basic research in computer science and software engineering at SKLCS
          
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    Eecently, some western bourgeois scholars advanced the thesis of the "Nine planets line-up" catastrophe, asserting that when all the nine planets of the solar system are aligned on the one side of the sun, the earth will suddenly be brought to a "stand-still", giving rise to a catastrophic earthquake. This article criticizes this thesis as a fallacy.The numerous seismological entries in Chinese history books over a period of 2,700 old years recorded more than 120 cases of earthquakes above magnitude seven. In...

    Eecently, some western bourgeois scholars advanced the thesis of the "Nine planets line-up" catastrophe, asserting that when all the nine planets of the solar system are aligned on the one side of the sun, the earth will suddenly be brought to a "stand-still", giving rise to a catastrophic earthquake. This article criticizes this thesis as a fallacy.The numerous seismological entries in Chinese history books over a period of 2,700 old years recorded more than 120 cases of earthquakes above magnitude seven. In the same period, there were 15 occurrences of the "Nine planets line-up". How-ever, none of those major earthquakes happened in a year of the "Nine planets line-up". The biggest known earthquake in history neither has anything to do with the "Nine planets line-up", nor "devastated the earth". The main influence on the earth's gravitation comes from the sun and the moon, while the aggregate influence of the other planets amounts at most to one ten thousandth of that of the moon. Earth-quakes are results of motions of contradictions inside the earth. The influence of interplanetary attraction on earthquakes must not be exaggerated or described as a decisive factor. The thesis of the "Nine planets line-up" catastrophe lacks factual basis and is scientifically untenable.The appearance of this fallacy is not accidental. Scientific and technological advances always serve particular political lines. In late western Han dynasty of our country (early 1st Century A.D.), some Confucians and Mencians, basing themselves on a similar natural phenomenon, preached that the "five planets string-up" Avas a propitious sign, in a vain attempt to save the reactionary slave system from bank-ruptcy. In advocating the catastrophe fallacy, the western bourgeoisie attempts to fool the people and cover up the political and economic crisis of the capitalist world. Their effort to misinterpret natural phenomenon will prove as futile as that of the Confucians.

    最近,一些西方资产阶级学者提出“九星成线”灾难说:当太阳系九颗行星在太阳同侧排成一线时,将会骤然“刹住”地球自转,引起灾难性的大地震。本文对这种错误观点进行了批判。 根据中国二千七百多年历史地震的丰富记载,七级以上的大地震共发生过一百二十多次,同期“九星成线”有十五次,可这百余次大震没有一次发生在“九星成线”的年份上。迄今为止,世界上最大的一次地震,既与“九星成线”无关,也并未“摧毁地球”。对地球引力的主要影响来自太阳和月球,其他行星影响总和的最大值,不过是月球的万分之一而已。地震是地球内部的一种矛盾运动,不能把行星间引力对某些地震的影响片面夸大加以绝对化。“九星成线”灾难说,缺乏事实根据,在科学上是说不通的。 这种错误观点的提出并非偶然,科学技术的发展总是为一定的政治路线服务的。早在我国西汉末年(公元一世纪初年),孔孟之徒曾对这同一种自然现象宣扬过“五星联珠”吉祥说,妄图挽救反动奴隶制的崩溃。同儒家曲解自然现象的下场一样,西方资产阶级宣扬灾难说,欺骗人民,以掩盖资本主义世界的政治经济危机,也必然是完全徒劳的。

    This article deals with the problems at issue concerning the obiect and contents of the study of natural dialectics sponsored by the present academic circles and its pasition in the ramifications of sciences.Itanali- zes several blssnt views in the light of theory and practicl,puts for- ward and praves the charateristics of duality of the “hybrid” of philosophy andphysical sciences possessed by natural dialectics,and advanoo his own opinion about the concrete issnes in the study of natural dialec- tics inorder...

    This article deals with the problems at issue concerning the obiect and contents of the study of natural dialectics sponsored by the present academic circles and its pasition in the ramifications of sciences.Itanali- zes several blssnt views in the light of theory and practicl,puts for- ward and praves the charateristics of duality of the “hybrid” of philosophy andphysical sciences possessed by natural dialectics,and advanoo his own opinion about the concrete issnes in the study of natural dialec- tics inorder to further the present sesearch and teaching work.

    本文针对当前学术界关子自然辩证法研究的对象、内容及其在科学分类中的地位等问题的争论,从理论和实践上对几种不同看法进行了分析,并提出和论证了自然辩证法这门学科具有哲学和自然科学“混血”的两重性的特征;还对自然辩证法研究中的一些现实问题提出了自己的见解,以促进其研究和教学工作的深入开展。

    As a dominant form of natural science in ancient China,emperically-based science has developed uninterruptedly for a long historical period.It is a main feature of the historical development of science and technology in ancient China,The heritage of such eroperically-based science is undoubtedly precious,but several branches among this treasury have never been explored enough by means of theoretical science up to now As a form of science,emperically-based science developed mainly by ancient craftsmen is,after...

    As a dominant form of natural science in ancient China,emperically-based science has developed uninterruptedly for a long historical period.It is a main feature of the historical development of science and technology in ancient China,The heritage of such eroperically-based science is undoubtedly precious,but several branches among this treasury have never been explored enough by means of theoretical science up to now As a form of science,emperically-based science developed mainly by ancient craftsmen is,after all,not advanced.For the modernization of science and technology in our country,we ought to critically inherit the tradition of ancient emperically-based science and,more importantly,to combine both the age-old tradition of craftsmen of ancient China and the mag-nificient scholar's tradition of great Chinese culture.

    实用科学作为我国古代自然科学的主要形态,曾经长期持久而稳步地发展,这是我国古代科学技术发展的重要特点。实用科学的成果无疑是十分珍贵的科学遗产,其中有一些至今仍未被理论充分地开发。而作为科学形态来说,实用科学则是落后的。为了实现科学技术的现代化,必须批判地继承实用科学的历史传统,提倡悠久的工匠传统和对中国古代文化发展做出贡献的学者传统的结合。

     
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