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颅高压
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  intracranial hypertension
     Conclusion We suggest that tonicity of fluid(≥1/2) be given to critically neurologic children,to prevent hyponatremia,intracranial hypertension and worsened neurological symptom.
     结论神经危重症患儿急性期应用≥1/2张液体,以防止出现低钠血症,加剧颅高压而恶化神经症状。
短句来源
     Experimental Study in Establishment of Acute Intracranial Hypertension Model and the Effect of Intracranial Hypertension Upon Pattern and Parameter of TCD
     急性颅内高压动物模型的建立及颅高压对TCD影响的实验研究
短句来源
     Objective To observe the spectra and parameter changes of transcranial Doppler (TCD) in early stage of intracranial hypertension of intracranial infection and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) to predict the intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral perfusion pressure (CCP).
     目的观察经颅多普勒(TCD)频谱参数在颅内感染和脑出血患者初期颅高压的相关变化,进而预测颅内压(ICP)和脑灌注压(CPP)并比较TCD预测的准确性。
短句来源
     Clinical analsis of the types of heart arrest in patients acute intracranial hypertension
     急性颅高压心脏停搏类型的临床分析
短句来源
     (2)Hyperventilation could make TAM and ICP decreased in rabbits with intracranial hypertension and the extent of lowering ICP depends on cerebral vasoreactivity to CO 2 Hyperventilation can do nothing to reduce ICP when ICP goes up remarkably,blood flow signal in diastolic end disappears and CO 2 vasoreactivity is nearly lost.
     (2)过度换气致颅高压组家兔脑血流速度下降的同时ICP也降低,ICP降低的程度取决于脑血管的CO2反应性,当ICP显著增高至舒张期末血流信号丧失时,脑血管的CO2反应性近于丧失,过度换气无降颅压作用。
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  high cranial pressure
     high cranial pressure has not been completely reduced after operation in the third case with relapsing craniopharyngioma a companied with obstructive hydrocephalus.
     1例复发性颅咽管瘤并发梗阻性脑积水 ,术后颅高压未完全改善 ;
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  “颅高压”译为未确定词的双语例句
     IL-6 in plasma and CSF in cranial high pressure group were higher than the group of normal cranial pressure(P<0.05,P<0.01),especially in CSF.
     颅高压组其IL-6含量较正常颅压组均显著升高(P<0.05,P<0.01),以脑脊液升高明显。
短句来源
     Results The main clinical presentation of the 13 cases included headache (11/13), seizure (4/13), and sign of evaluated intracranial pressure later.
     结果 GC临床表现以头痛 (11/ 13)和癫痫 (4 / 13)为常见 ,后期多出现严重颅高压征象。
短句来源
     Methods: ICP and TCD parameters (Vd,Vm,Vs,PI,RI)were examined in Thirty high ICP patients controls by the detection of TCD ,lumbar paracentesis and ICP detector.
     方法应用TCD、腰椎穿刺术、颅内压监测仪检测颅高压组和正常对照组 ,测得ICP和TCD参数 (Vd、Vm、Vs、PI、RI)。
短句来源
     Using the method of frequency spectrum analysis to investigate the frequency, occurring condition, changing regulation, influencing factors, and the relationships with heart rate and respiration of M wave.
     采用频谱分析方法分析颅高压状态下颅压波动段中M波的频率和产生条件,并对其变化规律、影响因素及与心率和呼吸的关系做了初步探讨。
短句来源
     Occurrence of these four eyesigns was 79.3% in the hypertensive group and 185% in the normotensives. The results revealed a positive corelation between exophthalamus and intracranial pressure (r=054, t=752, P<001). χ2test strengthens the statistical significance of the results.
     结果发现,眼球突出与颅内压呈正相关(r=0.54,t=7.52,P<0.01),4项定性指标在颅高压组发生率为79.3%和正常颅内压组为18.5%,各项定性指标进行χ2检验,均有显著性意义。
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  intracranial hypertension
Simultaneous recording of these parameters and their spectral analysis were carried out in healthy subjects and patients with intracranial hypertension syndrome and disturbed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow.
      
Clinical signs of intracranial hypertension were present after a few days of mechanical ventilation.
      
Doppler flow velocity measurements in patients with intracranial hypertension
      
In contrast, patients with "benign" intracranial hypertension or PTC (6 cases) had normal unenhanced scans (4 cases) or showed slight diffuse brain oedema (2 cases).
      
Chronic intracranial hypertension secondary to neurobrucellosis
      
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sixty patients with intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring following craniocerebral operation were compared with 60 patients without ICP monitoring after surgery. They were identical with respect to hospitalization period, disease condition, and mode of operation or anesthesia etc.The immediate postoperative pressure was lower than normal in most of the monitored patients and high pressures suggested postoperative hematoma or pneumocephalus. In cases with postoperative cerebral edema, the ICP usually rose at...

sixty patients with intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring following craniocerebral operation were compared with 60 patients without ICP monitoring after surgery. They were identical with respect to hospitalization period, disease condition, and mode of operation or anesthesia etc.The immediate postoperative pressure was lower than normal in most of the monitored patients and high pressures suggested postoperative hematoma or pneumocephalus. In cases with postoperative cerebral edema, the ICP usually rose at about 12 hours and ell within 48-72 hours after operation. If ICP exceeded 40 mmHg and remained above 20 mmHg despite treatment, the outcome was poor. The amount of dehydrants used in the non-monitored series were 6.1-7 times that of the monitored series, and the rate of postoperative complications, mortality and disability in the nonmonitored series were higher than in the monitored series (p<0.05).ICP monitoring can accurately detect changes in ICP, discover thereby facilitating the timely treatment of postoperative complications and improving operative result, so it has practical clinical value. If used properly, intracranial infection can be avoided or reduced to the minimum.

颅内压监护用于60例脑手术后重症患者,并与60例时间病情相似、未行监护的术后重症患者比较。 术后初压多低于正常,如初压增高多为颅内血肿或张力性气颅。腑水肿的颅高压多在术后12小时左右出现,48~72小时下降。如颅内压>40mmHg或经治疗不能降至20mmHg以下,多示预后不佳。监护组术后脱水剂用量为菲监护组的1/7~1/6,术后并发症和死亡率均低于非监护组(P<0.05)。 颅内压监护能够准确了解术后颅内压改变,早期发现和及时处理术后并发症,提高手术疗效,具有临床实用价值,只要运用得当,颅内感染可以避免或减少到最低限度。

The previous experiments on intracranial hypertention showed that thevolume-pressure relationship seemed to be a S-shaped curve prima ily.Through mathematic integration a formula of volume-pressure relatonship asP=b/(1+Ce~(-Mv))(C and M are contants,b is the maximal value of ICP after thevolume increases continuously)was derived.8 rabbits were treated bycontinuous infusion of normal saline to the lateral ventricle to induceintracranial hypertension,the intracranial pressure increment was monitoredto testify...

The previous experiments on intracranial hypertention showed that thevolume-pressure relationship seemed to be a S-shaped curve prima ily.Through mathematic integration a formula of volume-pressure relatonship asP=b/(1+Ce~(-Mv))(C and M are contants,b is the maximal value of ICP after thevolume increases continuously)was derived.8 rabbits were treated bycontinuous infusion of normal saline to the lateral ventricle to induceintracranial hypertension,the intracranial pressure increment was monitoredto testify the proposed formula.The results showed that the formula iscompatible.

作者在以往的颅高压动物实验中,观察到容积-压力的关系为-S 形曲线。通过数学推导,提出颅内容积-压力关系的方程式:p=b/(1+Ce~(-Mv))(其中 C 和 M 为常数,b 为颅内压的峰值)。然后通过对8只免采用侧脑室持续灌注生理盐水的方法,引起急性颅高压,考察其容积-压力变化,结果符合上述方程式表达的关系。

The hormone concentrations of pituitary,thyroid and gonad glands were measured by RIAin 43 patients with increased intracranial pressure(ICP).It was found that 29 patients with chronicincreased ICP had significantly lower levels ofTSH aud T,and 14 patients with acute-subacuteincreased ICP had significantly lower levels ofTSH,TT3,LH,FSH and T,and significantlyhigher level of rT3 as compared with the controlgroup.The results of TSH response to TRH stim-ulating test performed in 15 chronic increasedICP patients...

The hormone concentrations of pituitary,thyroid and gonad glands were measured by RIAin 43 patients with increased intracranial pressure(ICP).It was found that 29 patients with chronicincreased ICP had significantly lower levels ofTSH aud T,and 14 patients with acute-subacuteincreased ICP had significantly lower levels ofTSH,TT3,LH,FSH and T,and significantlyhigher level of rT3 as compared with the controlgroup.The results of TSH response to TRH stim-ulating test performed in 15 chronic increasedICP patients suggested that hypothalamus orpituitary may be affected.After the ICP becamenormal postoperatively(12th day),the concen-trations of TT3,rT3 and T improved in a certaindegree.The results demonstrated that the incre-ased ICP could change the hormones through itseffects on hypothalamus-pituitary function.

用放射免疫法测定了43例颅内压增高病人的垂体、甲状腺、性腺激素浓度,发现29例慢性颅高压病人的 TSH,T 浓度明显低于对照组,14例急性亚 急性颅高压病人的 TSH、TT_3、LH、FSH、T 浓度和rT_3浓度分别显著低于和高于对照组。15例慢性颅高压病人的 TSH 对 TRH 兴奋试验的反应结果提示有下丘脑或垂体的受损.经手术降低颅内压力后TT_3、rT_3和 T 浓度有不同程度的好转。本文结果表明,颅高压可通过影响下丘脑-垂体功能引起激素的变化。

 
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