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语言普遍现象
相关语句
  universals in language
     WT5,5”BZ]: Linguistic relativity and universals in language are the two essential issues in cross cultural psychology. The former emphasizes the uniqueness and differences of various Languages and cultures, but the later focuses on the similarities of human cognition.
     语言相关性与语言普遍现象是跨文化心理学所关注的两个基本问题 ,前者强调人类各种语言文化的独特性 ,后者则强调人类认知的共性。
短句来源
  “语言普遍现象”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Traditional semantic theories fail to account for this pervasive linguistic phenomenon clearly.
     传统的语义学理论未能对一词多义这一语言普遍现象的本质作出充分的解释。
短句来源
     As a universal linguistic phenomenon, the creation and application of euphemisms have been studied rather thoroughly.
     委婉语的创造和使用是一种语言普遍现象
短句来源
     Briefly discussed in the final section of the article are some current issues internal to OT such as the properties of Gen and the configuration of underlying representation, and issues related to language acquisition, language universals / (un ) markedness and diachronic phonology as well.
     从这个意义上讲,优选论是一种值得研究的语言学理论。 本文的最后部分简要讨论了优选论理论框架内关于生成装置特性和如何构建底层表达两个热点问题以及某些相关问题,如语言习得语言普遍现象/(无)标记性和语言历时变化。
短句来源
     With the description of the nature and the phenomena of language,this paper is intended to go further into the theoretical basis of iconicity and to discuss the universality of its existence.
     本文拟通过对语言普遍现象 ,语言本质的描述 ,探讨语言象似性的理论基础及语言象似性的客观存在。
短句来源
     General linguistics is a branch of linguistics which studies the nature and general phenomena of language.
     普通语言学是研究语言本质以及语言普遍现象的语言学分支。
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  相似匹配句对
     Borrowing is a universal linguistic phenomenon.
     借词是一个普遍语言现象
短句来源
     Presupposition is a common phenomenon in language.
     预设是语言中的普遍现象
短句来源
     Deixis is a universal phenomenon in human languages.
     指示是人类语言普遍现象
短句来源
     Polysemy is prevalent in language.
     多义词是语言中的普遍现象
短句来源
     Ambiguity is a popular phenomenton of human languages.
     歧义是人类语言普遍现象
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This article presents a survey of Optimality Theory (OT hereafter), a constraint based phonological theory , in terms of the historical background against which it emerged, its theoretical framework and mechanisms and its extended applications to various complex phonological processes such as vowel harmony and tone phenomena. The survey shows that the emergence of OT is the inevitable development of generative phonology where the focus of interest has shifted from phonological rules and underlying representation...

This article presents a survey of Optimality Theory (OT hereafter), a constraint based phonological theory , in terms of the historical background against which it emerged, its theoretical framework and mechanisms and its extended applications to various complex phonological processes such as vowel harmony and tone phenomena. The survey shows that the emergence of OT is the inevitable development of generative phonology where the focus of interest has shifted from phonological rules and underlying representation onto constraints imposed on surface representation. It also shows that OT is an advantageous and promising linguistic theory in that it enjoys a full substitution of universal constraints for language specific rules and is able to make unified generalizations of seemingly unrelated phenomena and to offer a better solution to some long standing unsatisfactorily solved problems in particular by reconsidering them in a novel perspective, and in that, more significantly, it provides an unprecedented approach to human language in general. Briefly discussed in the final section of the article are some current issues internal to OT such as the properties of Gen and the configuration of underlying representation, and issues related to language acquisition, language universals / (un ) markedness and diachronic phonology as well.

本文主要从其产生的历史背景/基本原理和在音系分析中的具体应用方面对以制约条件为基础的优选论作一概要性的介绍。优选论的产生是在生成音系学发展过程中研究的重点从音系规则和底层表达转移到对作用于表层表达的制约条件的必然结果。优选论为认识音系现象提供了一个新的视角,能够发现一些表面上看起来似乎没有关系的现象之间的内在联系并给予最大限度的概括,对音系学中一些长期没有得到解决的具体问题提出了新的分析方法。更重要的是,优选论为人类语言的研究开辟了一个新的途径。从这个意义上讲,优选论是一种值得研究的语言学理论。本文的最后部分简要讨论了优选论理论框架内关于生成装置特性和如何构建底层表达两个热点问题以及某些相关问题,如语言习得语言普遍现象/(无)标记性和语言历时变化。

Sound symbolism, which is a language universal, can be divided into direct sound symbolism andsynaesthetic sound symbolism.This pader argues that words based on sound symbolism, whether direct orsynaesthetic, are arbitrary and conventional as most English words, though they are onomatopeicaily motivated toa certain extept. It also deals with the wide application of sound symbolism in poetry and children's books, andexplores the role sound symbolism plays in English word-formation.Keywoeds: sound symbolism, phonaestheme,...

Sound symbolism, which is a language universal, can be divided into direct sound symbolism andsynaesthetic sound symbolism.This pader argues that words based on sound symbolism, whether direct orsynaesthetic, are arbitrary and conventional as most English words, though they are onomatopeicaily motivated toa certain extept. It also deals with the wide application of sound symbolism in poetry and children's books, andexplores the role sound symbolism plays in English word-formation.Keywoeds: sound symbolism, phonaestheme, symbolic value

本文从英语角度对语音象征这一语言普遍现象作了论析和探讨.语音象征,不论是直接的还是联觉的,虽然从拟声构词的角度为词提供了一定的理据,但仍然具有词作为任意符号这一约定俗成的特性。在文学语言中语音象征常被用作一种富于表现力的形象手段,在诗歌和儿童文学中使用尤为普遍。语音象征的作用还表现在英语构词即新词的创造上。

WT5,5”BZ]: Linguistic relativity and universals in language are the two essential issues in cross cultural psychology. The former emphasizes the uniqueness and differences of various Languages and cultures, but the later focuses on the similarities of human cognition. This paper, from perspective view of cross cultural psychology, is designed to study their historical legacy, analyze their current research works, and present their contemporary challenges. [WT5HZ]

语言相关性与语言普遍现象是跨文化心理学所关注的两个基本问题 ,前者强调人类各种语言文化的独特性 ,后者则强调人类认知的共性。本文从跨文化心理学研究的角度 ,就这两个问题的历史成因、研究现状及所面临的挑战等进行了探讨。

 
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