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n the 1990s, China′s news media have shown significant changes associated with the introduction of the market mechanisms. The author argues that these changes represent a unique mode of institutional change, called "institutional reconfiguration". This particular mode of institutional change originates from the unique macro environment of China′s journalism reforms. That is, the basic principles of the Party journalism remain untouched and there is no blueprint of the institution to change into, as a result,...

n the 1990s, China′s news media have shown significant changes associated with the introduction of the market mechanisms. The author argues that these changes represent a unique mode of institutional change, called "institutional reconfiguration". This particular mode of institutional change originates from the unique macro environment of China′s journalism reforms. That is, the basic principles of the Party journalism remain untouched and there is no blueprint of the institution to change into, as a result, journalism reforms are a series of exploration and the environment is filled with uncertainties. To manage the uncertainties, the actors in the journalism reforms collaborate with the authority, take the changes in the mode of media management as the lead for change, and improvise reform practices. By doing so, they change the social relationships in news production and reconfigure the internal space of the existing journalism institution. In addition, they also creatively manage their reform discourse to legitimize their reform practices in the official framework of the "Party journalism under the condition of the market economy". In this paper, the author elaborates this model with field observations and in~depth interviews. Some theoretical and policy implications from this mode of institutional change are discussed.

本文的起点是九十年代以来,我国新闻媒介通过引入市场机制而出现了一系列变化。运用传播社会学的分析,作者认为,这些变化代表了一种理论上独特的体制变化模式,并称之为“体制改造”。“体制改造”式的变化源自新闻改革大环境的不确定性,其原因是在新闻改革过程中,现行“党的新闻事业”的基本原则不变,而改革缺乏目标体制的完整设计,哪些需要改、应该怎么改等需要实践中的摸索。在这样的环境条件下,新闻改革的主体必须提高其改革行为的可预测性及正当性,为此,他们采取上、下合作的途径,以经营方式为驱动,以“临场发挥”为基本行为特征,改造新闻生产中的社会关系,重构现存体制的内在活动空间,并创造性地运用改革话语中市场经济和党的新闻事业的语汇,将其改革行为溶汇于“市场经济条件下的党的新闻事业”这一正当化的理论框架内。作者运用实地调查的观察及访问资料阐述这一模式展开的形态,并讨论了这一形态的体制变化的普遍性以及政策制订方面的意义。

Abstract By taking all the thirty journalistic theoretical works and textbooks published since 1979 as objects of studies, the thesis have tried to make a thorough observation and study on the eighteen years (from 1979-1997 ) of the construction process in the journalistic theoretical system in China. It is found that study of it has undergone three stages in succession, namely the standard of "party press", "journalism" and "news". Some obvious progress in researches on journalistic activities and principles...

Abstract By taking all the thirty journalistic theoretical works and textbooks published since 1979 as objects of studies, the thesis have tried to make a thorough observation and study on the eighteen years (from 1979-1997 ) of the construction process in the journalistic theoretical system in China. It is found that study of it has undergone three stages in succession, namely the standard of "party press", "journalism" and "news". Some obvious progress in researches on journalistic activities and principles have been made during the period. However, restricted by hidden contradictions in the academic tradition, researchers have not been able to define a complete goal in constructing this theoretical system.

改革开放以来,在中国新闻学研究中,出现了建构理论体系的尝试。研究者们试图通过理论体系建构,来明确新闻学科的内涵,巩固新闻学科的学术地位。本文以新时期全部三十部新闻理论专著与教材为研究对象,对十八年来(1979-1997年)中国新闻学原理建构的历程进行了全面考察。作者认为,新时期中国新闻学科的理论体系建构经历了“党报”本位、“新闻事业”本位、“新闻”本位三个研究阶段。在不断返回学科本位的过程中,这些建构已取得了明显进展,其中有关新闻活动和新闻规律的探讨正在展开

Abstract The thesis indicates the peculiarities of Liu Shaoqi's thought about the journalism and shows the difference between Liu's viewpoint and Mao Zedong's. What Liu stressed was how the Party's journalism to support the Party's new duty to manage a state economy. It is proven by history that the Liu's thoughts about journalism is creative.

文重点探讨了刘少奇新闻思想中具有他个性特点的一些观点,这些观点与毛泽东的思路不尽相同,又各有侧重更多地考虑到党的新闻事业如何适应经济建设的新环境。作者认为,刘少奇的论述是对毛泽东新闻思想的发挥、完善、补充和发展。历史已经证明,刘少奇几十年前关于新闻工作的论述是正确和富有创见的

 
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