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虚字说
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  function words
     Yuan Ren-lin's "Study of Function Words" and the Study of Grammaticalization
     袁仁林《虚字说》与语法化研究
短句来源
     On the Rhetoric in On Function Words
     《虚字说》的修辞论说
短句来源
  “虚字说”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The Research of XuZiShuo
     《虚字说》研究
短句来源
     Part three, to explore the problem of grammar involved in the book, including word type, grammar structure & function and mood, and also the influence of the book to grammar books afterwards.
     第三部分探讨《虚字说》所涉及的主要语法问题,包括词类问题、语法结构及功能问题、语气问题及其对后世语法学著作的影响。
短句来源
     Carrying on the comparative study on the basis of investigating their research results and their theory and methods of research, we can probe into whether XuZiShuo says the continuation and development in ZhuYuCi, and provide the more exhaustive material for the history of empty word research in this period.
     在考察两书的研究成果及其研究的理论与方法基础上进行比较研究,我们可以探究《虚字说》对《助语辞》的继承和发展,为该时期的虚词研究史工作提供较为详尽的资料支持。
短句来源
     This text includes five parts. The first part is an introduction, which introduces the importance of ZhuYuCi and XuZiShuo, the present research situation, the writing intention and the paper frame.
     本文包括五部分,第一部分是引言,主要介绍《助语辞》与《虚字说》的重要性、研究现状、写作意图和论文框架。
短句来源
     Fanghui discusses words of Sonorant,functional words,and puts forward basic demands about rhetoric of words in poetry.
     关于诗歌评点,方氏提出了词语修辞的基本要求,论述了响字说、虚字说
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     The Research of XuZiShuo
     《虚字》研究
短句来源
     On the Rhetoric in On Function Words
     《虚字》的修辞论
短句来源
     Say Something about Metronome
     “节”
短句来源
     Say "Preface"
     “序”
短句来源
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  function words
In the second experiment (left-hemisphere task), subjects memorized a list of sequentially presented function words while being stimulated in the same manner as the subjects in the first experiment.
      
Also, the type of word in which the letters are to be predicted affects the prediction, function words showing more constraint on letters than content words.
      
Three experiments are reported demonstrating a different kind of facilitation due to the grammatical relation between function words and content words in Serbo-Croatian.
      
In studies of author attribution, measurement of differential use of function words is the most common procedure, though lexical statistics are often used.
      
We compare the success of lexical statistics, content analysis, and function words in classifying the 12 disputedFederalist papers.
      
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Cognitive linguistics will claim more attention and is sure to make greater progress in the coming 21th century. As an important part of the theory of cognitive linguistics, the study of grammaticalization had a long history in China. It is valuable to sort out the achievements of the early studies for the development of the present theoretical study. This paper is aimed to give a introduction to the study of grammaticalization in " Study of Function Words" by Yuan Ren-lin of Qing Dynasty. Meanwhile the paper...

Cognitive linguistics will claim more attention and is sure to make greater progress in the coming 21th century. As an important part of the theory of cognitive linguistics, the study of grammaticalization had a long history in China. It is valuable to sort out the achievements of the early studies for the development of the present theoretical study. This paper is aimed to give a introduction to the study of grammaticalization in " Study of Function Words" by Yuan Ren-lin of Qing Dynasty. Meanwhile the paper also makes commentary introduction to its contribution to the study of grammaticilization.

21世纪认知语言学将受到重视并得到更大的发展。作为认知语言学理论的一个重要组成部分,语法化研究在中国有着很长的历史。本文对清代袁仁林《虚字说》对语法的研究成果作了扼要的介绍,并评述了它在语法化理论上所作出的贡献。

XU Kai’s grammatical thinking came down in the linguistics’s continuous line of the Han and Tang Dynastics, but his view about function words did not copy the ancients. When he explained, he paid an attention to the grammar, such as the word order and the structure of phrase.

徐锴对虚词的研究在汉语传统语法学史上具有承上启下之功。承上,徐锴在许慎《说文》基础之上,吸收了汉唐训诂学家对虚词的研究成果;启下,对后来论述文言虚词的专著,尤其是清代袁仁林的《虚字说》有很大的影响。徐锴对词性的认识、对词语的结构分析和变换分析,增加了释义的明晰度。

Fanghui discusses words of Sonorant,functional words,and puts forward basic demands about rhetoric of words in poetry.Its prominent characteristic is that he analyses function of rhetoric according to the meaning,sections,chapters,subject and situation of poetry.

关于诗歌评点,方氏提出了词语修辞的基本要求,论述了响字说、虚字说。方氏词语修辞观的突出特点,是把对词语的修辞功能的分析和诗歌的命意、谋篇结合起来,与作品的题旨、情境结合起来。

 
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