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主要病因     
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  main causes
     11β-hydroxylase deficiency is one of the main causes of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH),which is caused by the mutation of CYP11B1 gene that encodes the enzyme.
     11β-羟化酶缺乏症是引起先天性肾上腺增生症的主要病因之一,由编码该酶的CYP11B1基因突变引起。
短句来源
     Results Among 96 cases, the main causes were trauma (22 9%), inflammation (14 6%), intracranial vascular diseases (10 4%), diabetes (10 4%) and orbital tumor (10 4%) respectively.
     结果  96例中主要病因依次为外伤 ( 2 2 9% )、炎症 ( 1 4 6 % )、颅内血管性疾病 ( 1 0 4 % )、糖尿病( 1 0 4 % )和眼眶肿瘤 ( 1 0 4 % )。
短句来源
     The main causes of epilepsy included the following: encephalitis or meningitis (37.0%), brain trauma (18.5%), the mental disorders (14. 8%) ,the cerebrovascular disease (11. 1%), the intracranial tumor (11. 1%), and hypertension encephalopathy (7. 4%) .
     主要病因为:脑膜炎或脑炎37.0%,颅脑外伤18.5%,精神疾病14.8%,脑血管疾病11.1%,颅内肿瘤11.1%,高血压脑病7.4%。
短句来源
     Analysis of Main Causes and Outcomes of 220 Premature Infants
     220例早产主要病因及早产儿结局分析
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     Etiology was complexed and infection and endotoxin were the main causes.
     其主要病因是各种感染及内毒素。
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  main cause
     (2) simple HBV infection is main cause of severe hepatitis(about 70. 5% ) , it' s mortality reached 49. 65% , but superinfection (HBV + HCV and/or HBV + HEV) can make disease markedly heavier, their mortalities are 55. 56% and 53. 65% respectively;
     (2)单纯HBV感染是重肝的主要病因,占70.5%,其病死率49.65%,而重叠病毒感染(HBV+HCV和/或HBV+HEV)均明显加重病情,病死率达55.56%和53.65%;
短句来源
     Conclusion HBV infection remain the main cause of SH in Guangdong area.
     结论 HBV感染仍是广东地区重型肝炎的主要病因
短句来源
     Myocardial infarction (MI) is the main cause of heart failure, but the relationship between the extent of MI and cardiac function has not been clearly determined.
     目的 心肌梗死(MI)是心力衰竭(CHF)的主要病因,但MI范围与心功能变化的关系仍然不是十分清楚。
短句来源
     Acute Pharyngo-conjunctival Fever (APCF)is an acute infectious disease ofconjunctivitis and pharyngitis caused by virus. Studies at home and abroad haveshown that type 3,7,8 and 14 adenoviruses are the main cause of this disease.
     急性咽结合膜热(Acute Pharyngo Conjunctival Fever)是病毒引起的眼结合膜和咽炎的急性传染病,国内外的研究表明腺病毒3、7、8和14型为该病的主要病因
短句来源
     Conclusions: Vertebral basilar artery thrombosis caused by atherosclerosis is the main cause of Wallenberg syndrome but not the sole reason.
     结论:动脉粥样硬化致椎基底动脉血栓形成是Wallenberg综合征的主要病因但不是唯一原因。
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  major cause
     Background: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a major cause of peptic ulcer.
     背景:幽门螺杆菌(H.pylori)感染是消化性溃疡的主要病因
短句来源
     (3)HGV was not a important pathogenically factor for human being and the infection by HGV was not the major cause of the unknown nonA- E viral hepatitis.
     ③HGV感染对人类没有重要的致病性,HGV感染不是原因不明的非甲-戊型肝炎的主要病因
短句来源
     IntroductionIschemic heart disease, including myocardial infarction, is the major cause of congestive heart failure, accounting for 1/2 cause of death in cardiovascular diseases.
     心肌梗死等缺血性心脏病占心血管病死因的1/2,也是充血性心衰的主要病因
短句来源
     Conclusion: CMV infection is a major cause of interstitial pneumonitis after allo PBSCT,which is associated strongly with the severity of GVHD and female donor. Gancyclovir may be effective in both prevention and treatment of CMV IP.
     结论 :Allo-PBSCT后 CMV感染是 IP的主要病因 ,IP的发生与 GVHD严重程度及女性供者密切相关 ,GCV能有效预防和治疗 CMV-IP
短句来源
     Background and Objection: Nowadays the close relationship between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer was incontestable fact. Human papillomavirus infection, especially high-risk human papillomavirus infection was the major cause of cervical cancer and its precancerous diseases.
     背景和目的:人乳头瘤病毒(human papillomavirus HPV)感染和宫颈癌的密切关系已是现今不争的事实,即HPV感染,特别是高危型HPV感染,是引起宫颈癌及其癌前病变的主要病因
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  main etiology
     The cholelithiasis was the main etiology of SAP(45.1%),and then hyperlipidemia and alcohol abuse(16.2% and 15%,respectively).
     胆石症为主要病因(45.1%),其次是高脂血症和酗酒(分别为16.2%、15.0%);
短句来源
     Conclusion The incidence of AP has been increasing continuously in the past 20 years, the biliary tract disease was still a main etiology, hyperlipidemia rose to second, then was alcohol abuse.
     结论近20年来AP发病持续增加,胆道疾病仍为主要病因,高脂血症升为第二位原因,其次为酗酒。
短句来源
     [Conclusion] Alcoholism has been main etiology of acute pancreatitis in recent years in Nanhai region of Guangdong province.
     [结论] 酒精中毒已经成为近年来广东南海地区AP的主要病因
短句来源
     Objective:To investigate the proportionate rate of the epidemiologic measures on the main etiology and target organ damage of essential hypertension (EH) and related diseases among the patients.
     目的 :研究 1999年 9月~ 2 0 0 2年 9月伏牛山东南麓地区门诊原发性高血压 (EH)及相关疾病患者的主要病因及靶器官损害程度等多项流行病学指标构成情况。
短句来源
     Mechanical Pressure is the Main Etiology of Late Occurred Paralysis Ⅱ
     机械性压迫是晚发瘫乙型的主要病因
短句来源
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  main causes
The ARVC, usually presenting with different clinical manifestations and pathological changes, were mainly seen in young men and is one of the main causes of sudden death in the young.
      
This is one of the main causes of deviation of the modification rate versus temperature from the Arrhenius curves.
      
The causes of freshwater deficiency are considered, the main causes being poor environmental conditions and excessive water consumption.
      
It is shown that the main causes of a decrease in the critical field with increasing gas temperature are the change in the electron energy distribution due to gas dissociation and the reduction in the rate of electron attachment to neutral particles.
      
The main causes of the soil cover transformation within a small ravine catchment area over 300 years of agricultural development were considered.
      
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  main cause
Homocysteine (Hcy), an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis, undergoes auto-oxidation and generates reactive oxygen species, which are thought to be main cause of Hcy neurotoxicity.
      
In p53-/- mice, SkQ1 decreases the ROS level in the spleen cells and inhibits appearance of lymphomas which are the main cause of death of such animals.
      
The main cause of osteopenia is mechanical unloading.
      
Insufficient venous return to the chambers of the heart is the main cause of the decreased response of SV to exercises during spaceflight.
      
The 1069Gln mutation is the main cause of Wilson disease (WD) in Russia and accounts for approximately 40% of all mutant alleles of gene ATP7B.
      
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  major cause
Oncogenic human papillomaviruses (mostly HPV types 16 and 18) are the major cause of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), which progresses into cervical cancer (CC).
      
It follows that the major cause of oxidative stress in cells is that active antioxidant defenses are located in the cytoplasm, whereas H2O2 accumulates in the periplasm due to the lack of cytochrome-c-peroxidase.
      
It is shown that low pH, monomeric aluminum, and other metal ions have an adverse effect on physiological processes in fish and are a major cause of their death in acidified lakes and rivers.
      
An analysis of experimental data showed that the major cause of the electrical transport anisotropy is the anisotropy of silicon nanocrystals forming the samples of porous silicon under study.
      
Neisseria meningitidis is a major cause of bacterial meningitis and septicemia worldwide.
      
更多          
  main etiology
There were four main etiology groups: post-traumatic brachial plexopathies; primary tumors (benign and malignant); secondary tumors; and post irradiation injuries.
      
The main etiology was metastatic lesions (24 cases - 40.68%), those due to cyanotic congenital heart disease being the most frequent.
      
Although Candida albicans represents the main etiology of FE, C.
      
On the continent of Europe, the main etiology of the disease is alcoholism; thus, alcohol withdrawal is mandatory before surgical treatment.
      
The main etiology was a radial head fracture with elbow instability.
      
  其他


An aetiological survey of the paddy-field dermatitis occurring in the Ji'an' Xian,Jilin Province was carried out in 1974-1976.Cattle and domestic ducks were examined for schistosoine infections.69.6 % of domestic ducks were determined to harbour Trichotilharzia jianensis sp.nov.,while the cattle were negative.Cercariae of T.jianensis sp,nov.were found in the snail Galba,pervia (Marens).They were capable of producing typical dermatitis,when the skin of four of the authors was exposed to them.,It was concluded...

An aetiological survey of the paddy-field dermatitis occurring in the Ji'an' Xian,Jilin Province was carried out in 1974-1976.Cattle and domestic ducks were examined for schistosoine infections.69.6 % of domestic ducks were determined to harbour Trichotilharzia jianensis sp.nov.,while the cattle were negative.Cercariae of T.jianensis sp,nov.were found in the snail Galba,pervia (Marens).They were capable of producing typical dermatitis,when the skin of four of the authors was exposed to them.,It was concluded that the paddy-field dermatitis in the Ji'an Xian was caused by the cercariae of T.jianensis sp.nov.A preliminary observation of the life history is reportedThe adult worms,eggs,miracidia and cercariae are described.The new species may be distinguished from the 7 closely related species of the genus by the morphological characteristics of the adults,eggs;miracidia and cercariae given in detail in Tables 9-12 in the Chinese text.Types:Hololype allotype,paratypes 9,9Host:Anas platyrhynchos domesticus.Location:Portal vein.Locality:Ji'an Xian,Jilin Province,China.Intermediate host:Galba pervia (Martens).Type specimen's:Deposited in the Department of Parasitology,Jilin Medical College.Changchum,China.

本文报道了吉林省集安县稻田皮炎病因的调查。集安毛毕吸虫Trichobilhatzta lianensis sP. nov.的尾蚴为该县部分地区的主要病因。其成虫寄生于家鸭的门静脉,中间寄主为小土蜗螺Galba pervia(Martens),对其生活史作了初步观察,并描述了各期形态;文中并讨论了毛毕吸虫的分类依据。

465 patients with temporomandibular joint dysfunction were treatedat our Dental Clinic in 1974 and 1975. An analysis of these materialshas been worked out and the recent literature reviewed with compari-son. The relations of the patients' sex, age, profession and durationof symptoms with this disease have been discussed. The patients' subjec-tive symptoms have been analysed. The authors suggested that variousfactors of abnormal occlusion are most likely the essential etiology ofthis disease. The abnormalities...

465 patients with temporomandibular joint dysfunction were treatedat our Dental Clinic in 1974 and 1975. An analysis of these materialshas been worked out and the recent literature reviewed with compari-son. The relations of the patients' sex, age, profession and durationof symptoms with this disease have been discussed. The patients' subjec-tive symptoms have been analysed. The authors suggested that variousfactors of abnormal occlusion are most likely the essential etiology ofthis disease. The abnormalities of the occlusion are grouped into 9 typeswhich may be helpful for diagnosis and therapy. The most important signs and symptoms have been discussed.

作者对1974年和1975年口腔门诊收治的465例颞颌关节功能紊乱症的患者进行了治疗,并与晚近文献作了对比分析。 按照治疗的结果作者认为各种不正常(牙合)的因素很可能是此病的主要病因。由此划分各种异常(牙合)为九种类型,它将有助于诊断和治疗。对本病的重要体征和症状进行了讨论。

Satisfactory clinical results have been reported in treating acne with tablets of Tanshinone, an ether extract of the root of a Chinese medicinal herb Dan-Shen ( Radix sylviae multiorrhizae ) . Tanshinone showed no toxic side effect. Acne is a common disease and yet not easy to treat. It is known that the proliferation of sebaceous follicles with increased secretion is the main cause of acne and that it is androgen dependent. Estrogen can emeli-orate the symptoms of acne, so we studied the pharmacological activity...

Satisfactory clinical results have been reported in treating acne with tablets of Tanshinone, an ether extract of the root of a Chinese medicinal herb Dan-Shen ( Radix sylviae multiorrhizae ) . Tanshinone showed no toxic side effect. Acne is a common disease and yet not easy to treat. It is known that the proliferation of sebaceous follicles with increased secretion is the main cause of acne and that it is androgen dependent. Estrogen can emeli-orate the symptoms of acne, so we studied the pharmacological activity of Tanshinone to see whether it has any sex hormone like activity. Uterus weight ( mice ) and vagina smears were used and Tanshinone was shown to have a mild estrogen-like activity. When seminal vesicles (rats) and prostate gland weight were used, a counteracting effect against androgen was also demonstrated.

用从中药丹参提取的丹参酮治疗痤疮取得了疗效快、无明显毒副作用等较满意的效果.痤疮的主要病因是受雄性激素影响的皮脂腺增生和分泌过盛.雌激素可减轻痤疮症状.据此,作者研究了丹参酮治疗痤疮的药理作用。用子宫重量法和阴道涂片法均证明丹参酮有较温和的雌激素活性;用精囊和前列腺重量法证明丹参酮有抗雄性激素的作用。

 
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