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帆船时代
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    The nautical techniques of Zheng He's fleet and Columbus' fleet, including their taking a ship's bearings, celestial navigation, meteorology and knowing wind, manipulating sail and using wind, compass and it's rose, nautical chart and map, log and measuring speed, sounding channel and so on, had reached the highest level in the sail time.
    郑和船队和哥伦布船队的航海术,包括测定船位术、天体导航术、气象识风术、操帆驶风术、罗盘罗经术、海图地图术、计程测速术、航道探察术等等,都达到了帆船时代迄当时为止最高的水平。
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China Merchants, the oldest shipping enterprise in China, is now reaching her 125 birthday. As the first Chinese-owned shipping enterprise, the establishment of China Merchants broke the monopoly of the western capitalism on the Chinese shipping industry in the Qing Dynasty. The establishment of China Merchants also declared that the Chinese shipping industry had developed from wooden junk are into the machine-driven ship are, which indicates a great change in he china navigation history. China Merchants paved...

China Merchants, the oldest shipping enterprise in China, is now reaching her 125 birthday. As the first Chinese-owned shipping enterprise, the establishment of China Merchants broke the monopoly of the western capitalism on the Chinese shipping industry in the Qing Dynasty. The establishment of China Merchants also declared that the Chinese shipping industry had developed from wooden junk are into the machine-driven ship are, which indicates a great change in he china navigation history. China Merchants paved the way for the large-scale transportation enterprise with the method of share capital. Besides, China Merchants laid stress on introducing the advanced western management and training the Chinese shipping managing personnel. This also plays an important role in raising the technical and managerial level of the Chinese shipping industry.

招商局是中国创办最早、历史悠久的航运企业,至今已经渡过了125个春秋。招商局的成立使中国的水上运输业从木帆船时代走向机器船时代,实现了中国航海史上的一次重大变革。招商局的成立还打破了帝国主义对中国航运业的垄断,带头在中国走出了一条以招商集股方式,创办大型交通企业的路子。另外,招商局在创办的过程中积极吸收和引进西方先进的管理技术,注重培养中国自己的航运经营管理人才,为提高中国航运事业的技术和管理水平起到了一定的积极作用。

The nautical techniques of Zheng He's fleet and Columbus' fleet, including their taking a ship's bearings, celestial navigation, meteorology and knowing wind, manipulating sail and using wind, compass and it's rose, nautical chart and map, log and measuring speed, sounding channel and so on, had reached the highest level in the sail time. Owing to Columbus' voyage later than Zheng He's for more than eighty years, hence Columbus' nautical techniques had made a little progress over Zheng He's. But due to both...

The nautical techniques of Zheng He's fleet and Columbus' fleet, including their taking a ship's bearings, celestial navigation, meteorology and knowing wind, manipulating sail and using wind, compass and it's rose, nautical chart and map, log and measuring speed, sounding channel and so on, had reached the highest level in the sail time. Owing to Columbus' voyage later than Zheng He's for more than eighty years, hence Columbus' nautical techniques had made a little progress over Zheng He's. But due to both of the fleet and the capital ships of Zheng He's were bigger than Columbus' very much and much, for this reason the nautical techniques embodied in Zheng He's voyage were more complex and difficult than those in Columbus'. Therefore, their nautical techniques had both strong points and weak points.

郑和船队和哥伦布船队的航海术,包括测定船位术、天体导航术、气象识风术、操帆驶风术、罗盘罗经术、海图地图术、计程测速术、航道探察术等等,都达到了帆船时代迄当时为止最高的水平。由于哥伦布的远航比郑和远航晚了八十多年,故哥伦布的航海术较之郑和又前进了一步。但因郑和船队的规模大得很多很多,郑和宝船也比哥伦布航船大得很多很多,故郑和远航体现的航海术亦比哥伦布的复杂困难一些。所以,他们的航海术各有千秋,难分轩轾。

 
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