From the free surface to the face touched with the wheel, the intensity of the crystal textures is gradually weaken, the grain sizes of the Nd2Fe14 B phase along the normal direction of the (001) face and that of the α-Fe phase along the normal direction of the (220) face decrease.
The results show that different microstructures are observed through the thickness section of RS ribbons of Mg_(94.6)Zn_(4.8)Y_(0.6) alloy,which are coarse equiaxed grain region closed to the copper roll side and fine equiaxed grain region in the free surface layer.
Free-surface velocity of 20 μm thick iron got 3.86 km/s with laser intensity of 6.24×10~(11) W·cm~(2),and free-surface velocity of 100 μm thick aluminum with 100 μm CH foil at the front got 2.87 km/s with laser intersity 7.28 ×10~(11) W·cm~(-2).
but in loose ground area (low veloci-ty layer where vs/vp is low, vs and vp are low), the influence of free-surface effectand the refraction due to low velocity layer make P-wave and SV-wave occur sepa-rately in vertical component and horizontal component.
Based on Baba's assumption, the linearized free-surface boundary conditions at low speed are discussed in order to demonstrate the differences between Baba's and Dawson's free surface boundary conditions.
It is found that there is an apparent structural difference between the sticking roller face area(SRFA) and the free face area(FFA) of the ribbon annealed at 310℃,and a structural conformity of the ribbon annealed at 540℃.
Numerical simulation of basting process of extended charge in single free face relys to mighty counting function of Ls-dyna program, and analyzes engendering and spreading of blasting stress wave and crashing process of rock in different radius of blast hole and different charge length.
In order to explore the influence of air flow on the water entry caviy and to find out the pressure distribution on the unsteady cavity surface, a method of simultaneously calculating the boundary values of the air field and the water field on the entry body and free surfaces is presented.
Adsorption Inversion on the Free Surface of the Melt of Binary Intermetallic Compound
The adsorption of components on the free surface of the melt of intermetallic compound was studied using the density functional theory.
The heat of reaction of water molecules with a free surface OH groups of modified sorbents was determined (≈60 kJ/mol).
The deformation develops owing to a concentration-induced surface tension gradient that appears as a result of the deposition of a droplet of a soluble surface-active liquid onto the free surface of the layer.
The probability of nucleus formation in microcracks by the fluctuation mechanism is incomparably higher than the probability of their formation on the defect-free surface.
It is shown that natural and thermocapillary convection contribute to the increase in the mean free-surface temperature, which determines the increase in pressure in the closed vessel for a prescribed heat flux.
Effect of thermocapillary forces on free-surface fluid motion
At the apex of the bubble the derivative of the free-surface curvature has a discontinuity when Fr≠0.23, which makes it possible to attribute the choice of solution obtained in a number of studies to the presence of an artificial surface tension.
Steady free-surface flows over an elongated obstacle located on the channel bottom are studied theoretically and experimentally.
For determining the free-surface shape and the main flow parameters, the first and second shallow-water approximations are used.
The molecular-dynamics method is used to study the emergence of interstitial atoms at a free face of a 2D nanocrystal.
It is shown that, in the case of linear coordination, a dislocation dipole is formed in the 2D crystal lattice; the dipole is characterized by a high mobility facilitating the arrival of an interstitial atom at a free face of the crystal.
Each free face exposed to the solvent of the remaining set of boxes is triangulated after the surface defined by the free faces has been smoothed to follow the shape of the macromolecule more accurately.
Action of a strip-shaped stamp on a three-dimensional elastic wedge with one stress-free face
To the free face of the layer, a normal point force changing harmonically with time is applied.
Numerical method for solving unsteady axisymmetric problems of the hydrodynamics of an ideal liquid with free surfaces
Collision of two jets issuing from channels with parallel walls for different velocities at the free surfaces
It gives concrete series of varying free surfaces, equalizing-out elevations and depressions, and surfaces of a rise or fall of the ground waters as a result of the work of drainage or injection boreholes.
An analogous problem for the case when both boundaries of the layer are free surfaces and without allowance for the influence of the atmosphere has been solved by Vozovoi and Nepomnyashchii .
Natural convection in a vertical cylindrical vessel with heat supplied to its side and free surfaces