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肝变
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  “肝变”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The lesions consisted of cutaneous congestion and hemarrhages,subcutaneouse edema and greenish-yellow mottling appearance of necrotic areas in the liver. .
     胚体出现充血、出血、皮下水肿、肝变黄绿色、且呈斑驳状坏死等病变。
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     Results Among them,lobar pneumonia (LP) was in 22 cases and pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor (PIP) in 1.All of the 22 patients with LP were made final diagnosing clinically and PIP was confirmed by pathology.
     结果大叶性肺炎22例,肝变期均呈均匀低回声,内可见含液支气管壁形成的“双轨征”。
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  相似匹配句对
     the toxic action of PZA on liver is greater than that of other antitubercular drugs.
     ?
短句来源
     hepatic artery 8 cases;
     动脉病8例;
短句来源
     PATHOLOGIC CHARACTERISTICS OF ALCOHOLIC LIVER FATTY DEGENERATION
     酒精性的病理特点
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     Lebertransplantation
     移植
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     All Changed
     全
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  hepatization
The major post-mortem lesions were hydrothorax, adhesion of the lung to the thorax, red and grey hepatization, emphysema, hydropericardium and fibrinous pericarditis.
      
Here the gross lesion may involve a single lobe or an entire lung and may simulate lobar pneumonia in the stage of gray hepatization.
      
It consisted of a firm fibrous pleural adhesion surrounded by a zone of grey hepatization, interpreted as a chronic active inflammation.
      
Lung lobes showed various degrees and stages of hepatization, with dilated interlobular septa.
      
The cut surface was edematous or congested and areas of hepatization were present.
      


1. The different methods of transmission of caprine pleutopneumonia have been investigated with the seed materials derived from the sporadic cases from Sinkiang, Shansi and Shantung Provinces. The results were briefly summaried as follows: (1) By subcutaneous inoculation, only local swelling and elevation of body temperature were found in a small number of goats, no pneumonic changes were seen from autopsy. (2) By intramuscular inoculation, the tested goats showed massive edema and necrosis at the site of inoculation...

1. The different methods of transmission of caprine pleutopneumonia have been investigated with the seed materials derived from the sporadic cases from Sinkiang, Shansi and Shantung Provinces. The results were briefly summaried as follows: (1) By subcutaneous inoculation, only local swelling and elevation of body temperature were found in a small number of goats, no pneumonic changes were seen from autopsy. (2) By intramuscular inoculation, the tested goats showed massive edema and necrosis at the site of inoculation and the surrounding area of the muscles, and nopulmonary lessions have been seen from autopsy. (3) By intravenous injection, one of the two goats was infected and hepatizafion of the lungs was observed. (4) By direct contact, the latent period is usually over 20 days. Both adult and kids might be infected. (5) By intrathoracic inoculation, the morbidity is approximately 72%. The latent period is uncertain. (6) By inhalation of atomized material through nostrils, the goat usually showed symptom 5—18 days later. (7) By intratracheal injection, the morbidity is about 95%, and the incubation period is 3—7 days. When the goats were injected in a standing position, the hepatized areas were usually seen on the right lung; when injected first in a recumbent position and then in standing position, the hepatized areas were usually seen on both sides of the lungs. 2. The virulent lung tissue of goat infected with caprine pleuropneumonia is non-patho-genic to sheep, rabbit and guinea pigs. 3. The infected lung tissue retained its virulence for 20 days in room temperature (16℃) and for 24 days in cold stroage (2℃) in 50% glycerin saline. 4. The frozen-dried lung tissue kept at 2—8℃ retained its virulence for 49 months. 5. The M. I. D. of fresh lung tissue for goat through intratracheal injection is about 0.000004 gin., while the frozen-dried lung tissue is about 0.004 gm. in equivalent for fresh lung tissue.

1.曾以山傳肺組織乳劑液或胸水,作對山羊之各種途徑感染試驗,其結果如下: (1)皮下注射法:僅使少數羊呈現體温及局部腫脹反應,但不引起山傳特具的肺臟病理變化。 (2)肌肉注射法:可引起局部及隣近的筋肉腫脹發炎,呈濕性壞死,重者陷於死亡,但肺臟無變化。 (3)靜脈注射法:可發生疾病並引起肺臟肝變。 (4)人工接觸法:在接觸20多天後,大多數羊均可發病,雖小羔亦難倖免。 (5)胸內注射法:發病率為了27%,潛伏期長短很不一致,肺的病變多限於局部。 (6)噴霧戚染法:有一部分羊經過噴霧感染後5—18天發病,並引起肺臟肝變。 (7)氣管注射法:發病率高達95%以上,潛伏期大多數為3—7天,用站立姿勢注射法,病變多在右肺葉,如採用站立仰臥姿勢兼用注射法,則病變遍於左右兩葉。 2.山傅的強毒肺組織液,不能使緬羊、家免及海猪等試驗動物致病。 3.新鮮肺組織在50%甘油鹽水中,置室温(16℃)20天,冰箱(2℃)124天,仍有致病力,如再延長時間,則失去致病力。但病原組織凍乾後,置普通冰箱保存49個月又13天,仍有致病力;2年以後,其發病毒價約減低10倍。新鮮病原組織小至0.000004克仍可致病。凍乾後毒力約減低1000倍...

1.曾以山傳肺組織乳劑液或胸水,作對山羊之各種途徑感染試驗,其結果如下: (1)皮下注射法:僅使少數羊呈現體温及局部腫脹反應,但不引起山傳特具的肺臟病理變化。 (2)肌肉注射法:可引起局部及隣近的筋肉腫脹發炎,呈濕性壞死,重者陷於死亡,但肺臟無變化。 (3)靜脈注射法:可發生疾病並引起肺臟肝變。 (4)人工接觸法:在接觸20多天後,大多數羊均可發病,雖小羔亦難倖免。 (5)胸內注射法:發病率為了27%,潛伏期長短很不一致,肺的病變多限於局部。 (6)噴霧戚染法:有一部分羊經過噴霧感染後5—18天發病,並引起肺臟肝變。 (7)氣管注射法:發病率高達95%以上,潛伏期大多數為3—7天,用站立姿勢注射法,病變多在右肺葉,如採用站立仰臥姿勢兼用注射法,則病變遍於左右兩葉。 2.山傅的強毒肺組織液,不能使緬羊、家免及海猪等試驗動物致病。 3.新鮮肺組織在50%甘油鹽水中,置室温(16℃)20天,冰箱(2℃)124天,仍有致病力,如再延長時間,則失去致病力。但病原組織凍乾後,置普通冰箱保存49個月又13天,仍有致病力;2年以後,其發病毒價約減低10倍。新鮮病原組織小至0.000004克仍可致病。凍乾後毒力約減低1000倍,其最小發病量一般為0.004克。

This article is a report on the study of the serological survey of infectious bur sal disease (IBD) of the chicken and the isolation procedure of two isolants of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) . The identification of the two isolants was made possible by serological and pathological methods, by determination of their physicochemical properties and by electron microscopic observation.Through serological survey of 17 chicken farms in 5 prefectures in Guangdong , precipitating antibodies against IBDV were...

This article is a report on the study of the serological survey of infectious bur sal disease (IBD) of the chicken and the isolation procedure of two isolants of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) . The identification of the two isolants was made possible by serological and pathological methods, by determination of their physicochemical properties and by electron microscopic observation.Through serological survey of 17 chicken farms in 5 prefectures in Guangdong , precipitating antibodies against IBDV were found on 13 of them. Hence,a conclusion can be drawn that IBD may be highly prevalent in this area. The author also analyzes the possibility that immuno-suppressive effect of IBD might have constituted the cause of quite a number of outbreaks of Newcastle disease that occurred recently.Two isolants were successfully obtained on the basis of serological survey. In the course of virus identification, when susceptible chickens were inoculated with the two isolants, typical pathological changes took place in the bursa,such as edema, longitudinal striations of the wall clearly seen through the outer surface,or yellow gelatious covering. Atrophy was seen on the third post-inoculation day. Histopathological study showed necrosis and inflammation, such as depletion of lymphocytes, proliferation of reticular cells, etc. In a month after inoculation, the bursa was found to ha\e obvious regeneration. Both isolants failed to produce distinct clinical signs and no gross lesions could be seen in other organs and tissues of experimental chickens.When chicken embryos were inoculated with the isolants, the embryos died in 3-7 days .The lesions consisted of cutaneous congestion and hemarrhages,subcutaneouse edema and greenish-yellow mottling appearance of necrotic areas in the liver. .Agar-gel precipitating test revealed clear precipitation Ijnes formed by reaction between the virus(isolants)and the positive IBD serum obtained from U. S. A.Convalescent serum could neutralize the American IBD-Lukert strain.Their neutralizing indices-were larger than 4.2.One isolant was titrated and its physico-chemical properties were identified.Electron microscopic observation was also made. The liters for 7-day-old and one-month-old chickens were 10-3.2 and 10-7.2 BL50 respectively.Crystalline-arranged particles were found in the cytoplasm of lymphocytes in the bursa. The diameter of such particles was 45-53 nm.Smaller electro-dense virus particles were also found with diameter of 22- 26 nm. The determinations of its physicochemical properties demonstrated that the virus isolant was pH stable, thermostable and absolute resistance to lipid solvents.In accordance with the experimental results, the author can claim the two isolants to be strains of IBD virus and hence they are designated as IBDV- CG821 and IBDV-CG822.

本文报道传染性囊病(IBD)血清学调查情况及两株传染性囊病病毒(IBDV)的分离和鉴定过程。这两毒株的鉴定是通过血清学、病理学、理化性质测定和电镜观察等方法而确定下来的。 通过对广东省五个地区17个鸡场的血清学调查,发现其中13个鸡场存在IBD沉淀抗体。由此推论,可能我省已有不少鸡场存在着IBD。本文并分析了一些鸡场爆发鸡新城疫的可能原因是IBD的免疫抑制作用。 在血清学调查的基础上,成功地分离到两个IBDV株。 在病毒的鉴定过程中,将分离株接种到易感小鸡后,引起法氏囊产生典型的病理学变化,包括水肿、表面见条纹或黄色冻胶样物等。接种病毒3天后,便见囊萎缩。组织学观察发现淋巴细胞坏死,网状细胞增生等炎症反应。接种病毒1月后,囊有明显的再生作用。两分离株均不能使小鸡产生明显的临诊症状,其它器官组织一般无肉眼病变可见。 将分离株接种鸡胚后,鸡胚于3~7天死亡。胚体出现充血、出血、皮下水肿、肝变黄绿色、且呈斑驳状坏死等病变。 琼脂凝胶沉淀试验表明,两个分离株均能与美国IBD阳性血清产生明显的沉淀线。在病毒中和试验中,用两个分离株感染鸡后,其康复血清能中和美国IBD—Lukert病毒株,其中和指数均大于4....

本文报道传染性囊病(IBD)血清学调查情况及两株传染性囊病病毒(IBDV)的分离和鉴定过程。这两毒株的鉴定是通过血清学、病理学、理化性质测定和电镜观察等方法而确定下来的。 通过对广东省五个地区17个鸡场的血清学调查,发现其中13个鸡场存在IBD沉淀抗体。由此推论,可能我省已有不少鸡场存在着IBD。本文并分析了一些鸡场爆发鸡新城疫的可能原因是IBD的免疫抑制作用。 在血清学调查的基础上,成功地分离到两个IBDV株。 在病毒的鉴定过程中,将分离株接种到易感小鸡后,引起法氏囊产生典型的病理学变化,包括水肿、表面见条纹或黄色冻胶样物等。接种病毒3天后,便见囊萎缩。组织学观察发现淋巴细胞坏死,网状细胞增生等炎症反应。接种病毒1月后,囊有明显的再生作用。两分离株均不能使小鸡产生明显的临诊症状,其它器官组织一般无肉眼病变可见。 将分离株接种鸡胚后,鸡胚于3~7天死亡。胚体出现充血、出血、皮下水肿、肝变黄绿色、且呈斑驳状坏死等病变。 琼脂凝胶沉淀试验表明,两个分离株均能与美国IBD阳性血清产生明显的沉淀线。在病毒中和试验中,用两个分离株感染鸡后,其康复血清能中和美国IBD—Lukert病毒株,其中和指数均大于4.2. 本试验对其中一分离株进行了毒价测定、电镜观察和理化性质鉴定。对7天龄和1月龄

It plays an important role in the onset and treatment of diseases that the liver is in charge of smoothing and discharging and smoothes Qi flow.In the article,the pathomechanism of "the liver being an evil of the five Zang-viscera" is analysed from two respects:One is that disturbance of the liver-Qi is apt to cause diseases much more in the five Zang-viscera.Another is that the other viscera are affected as soon as the function of the liver is abnormal.Keeping an ease mood can prevent from diseases.And smoothing...

It plays an important role in the onset and treatment of diseases that the liver is in charge of smoothing and discharging and smoothes Qi flow.In the article,the pathomechanism of "the liver being an evil of the five Zang-viscera" is analysed from two respects:One is that disturbance of the liver-Qi is apt to cause diseases much more in the five Zang-viscera.Another is that the other viscera are affected as soon as the function of the liver is abnormal.Keeping an ease mood can prevent from diseases.And smoothing and regulating liver-Qi medicine and prescription has a general significance in treatment.The point above,are supported by the author.

肝主疏泄,调畅人体的气机,在疾病的发生和治疗上具有重要的作用。本文从“五脏之病,肝气居多”和“惟肝一病即延及他脏”两方面,分析了肝为五脏之贼的病理机制,提出了调摄精神情志,可使肝变“贼”为“养”,预防疾病的发生,疏肝理气方药在疾病治疗上具有普遍意义的观点。

 
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