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   个人消费品 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.587秒
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个人消费品     
相关语句
  personal consumption
     To Each According to His Work" is not Merely a Principle of Distribution to Personal Consumption
     按劳分配不只是对个人消费品进行分配
短句来源
     With the development of computer technology and science,the embedded ARM plays an im- portant role in many areas,such as industrial control and personal consumption. It has been the hot project of many companies and research institutes.
     随着计算机技术的发展和科学的进步,嵌入式ARM在工业控制及个人消费品等众多领域日益显现出其重要的地位,现已成为众多企业及研究单位的重点研发项目。
短句来源
  personal consumer goods
     Growing Stages of Socialist Personal Consumer Goods Distribution Principles
     社会主义个人消费品分配原则发展的几个阶段
短句来源
     Its main contents include theories of primary socialist stage, productive resource ownership, socialist market economy and socialist distribution of personal consumer goods.
     马克思主义经济理论在当代中国发展的主要内容有:社会主义初级阶段理论、社会主义生产资料所有制理论、社会主义市场经济理论、社会主义个人消费品分配理论。
短句来源
  “个人消费品”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Establishing a Distribution Style of Personal Consumptive Goods that Suits the Development of Socialist Market Economy
     建立与社会主义市场经济相适应的个人消费品的分配方式
短句来源
     Cultural Influence on the Diffusion of Individual Consumer Product
     文化对个人消费品扩散过程的影响
短句来源
     Under public ownership system, the present distribution style of personal consumptive goods was in fact according to the "labourer's value" or "labour capacity".
     在公有制经济条件下,与社会主义市场经济体制相适应的个人消费品的分配方式实际上是"按劳动力价值"或"按劳动能力"分配,分配数额的确定是劳动力市场上供求双方相互选择的结果。
短句来源
     The scientific theory-distribution-according-to-work was put forward by Marx.
     马克思提出了科学的按劳分配理论,以按劳分配作为社会主义个人消费品分配的基本原则。
短句来源
     6)that consumer goods are distributed according to labour is the only form of distribution.
     (6)个人消费品以按劳分配为唯一形式的假设。
短句来源
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  相似匹配句对
     Cultural Influence on the Diffusion of Individual Consumer Product
     文化对个人消费品扩散过程的影响
短句来源
     To Each According to His Work" is not Merely a Principle of Distribution to Personal Consumption
     按劳分配不只是对个人消费品进行分配
短句来源
     BIOGRAPHIES
     个人传记
短句来源
     Personal Communication
     个人通信
短句来源
     Architecture of Consumption
     作为消费品的建筑
短句来源
查询“个人消费品”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

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  personal consumption
To finance their personal consumption, children may rely on transfers in the form of pocket money made by their parents and on personal resources earned from labor market activities.
      
The model allows output substitutions by making the household sector endogenous and feeding price elasticities into personal consumption coefficients.
      
An analysis of personal consumption structure in Austria using a theoretical utility function
      
The efficiency of each model is compared to that of a single agent who produces for personal consumption.
      
Almost all (99%) of the products identified are used for personal consumption, whereas 68% of the products are also used to generate income.
      
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The author holds that it is of utmost important significance tocorrectly clarify the function of socialist wages with regard toset up the theory of socialist wages and to push forward the reformof Chian's wage system. The author puts forward the two functionspossessed by the socialist wages: economic function (the basic fun-ction), i,e., according to the principle of distibution according towork in distributing personal consumer goods, encouraging theadvanced, spurring on the backward, so as to arouse people's...

The author holds that it is of utmost important significance tocorrectly clarify the function of socialist wages with regard toset up the theory of socialist wages and to push forward the reformof Chian's wage system. The author puts forward the two functionspossessed by the socialist wages: economic function (the basic fun-ction), i,e., according to the principle of distibution according towork in distributing personal consumer goods, encouraging theadvanced, spurring on the backward, so as to arouse people's labourenthusiasm. Social function (supplementary function), i .e., bas-ing upon the state of one's own country, the characteristics of thedevelopment level of productive forces and the relations of product-ion, the form of management and the social psychology etc., letthe wages restrictively deviate the "central line" of distributionaccording to work, so to coordinate the relations of material inte-rest among various kinds of workers and to promote the social stab-ility and unity. The author does not agree with the view point ta-king "to ensure the satisfaction of staff and workers'basic necess-aries of life" as the function of social wages, he deems that suchview point mixes the function of wages with the function of socialinsurance,thisis not only unfavourable to reform and to perfect ourcountry's wage system, but also unfaovurable to reform and to perfect our country's social insurance system.

作者认为,正确地阐明社会主义工资的职能,对于建立社会主义工资理论、推进我国工资制度的改革,有着十分重要的意义。作者提出,社会主义工资具有两个职能:经济职能(基本职能),即依据按劳分配原则分配个人消费品,鼓励先进,鞭策落后,以调动人们的劳动积极性。社会职能(辅助性职能),即根据本国的国情,根据生产力发展水平、生产关系的特点、经营管理的方式以及社会心理等因素,使工资有限度地偏离按劳分配这条“中线”,以协调各类劳动者之间的物质利益关系,促进社会的安定团结。作者不同意那种把“保障职工的基本生活需要得到满足”视为社会主义工资职能的观点,认为这种观点把工资的职能和社会保险的职能混淆了,这既不利于改革和完善我国的工资制度,也不利于改革和完善我国的社会保险制度。

The author is an assistant research fellow and deputy director of theindustrial managerial research department of the Institute of Industria;Economics under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and also a mem-ber of China's Association of Industrial Economics. The author holds that distribution between the State and the enter-prises refers mainly to the distribution of net value of the sales. Underthe condition of a planned commodity economy, there are three types ofdistribution relation between the State...

The author is an assistant research fellow and deputy director of theindustrial managerial research department of the Institute of Industria;Economics under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and also a mem-ber of China's Association of Industrial Economics. The author holds that distribution between the State and the enter-prises refers mainly to the distribution of net value of the sales. Underthe condition of a planned commodity economy, there are three types ofdistribution relation between the State and the enterprises; between thegovernment and the enterprises; between the owner and the manager; andbetween the State (society) and the enterprises (labourer'collectives) under the principle of distribution accordihg to work. The first type of distribution relation, realized in the form of taxes,presupposes the political power of the state. The second type of distribu-tion relation adheres to the principle of exchange of equal values, rea-lized in the form of funds, prices and their transformations, as to thethird type, the author holds that under the condition of socialism, it isimproper to disttibute personal consumer goods through wages or to dis-tribute them directly from society to the staff members and workers; thereshould be a distribution relation at two levels.The relation of distributionaccording to work should exist betwetn the state and the enterprise. There-fore the principle of" to each according to one's work" should be fol-lowed, realized in the form of total wages (labour reward from the enter-prise) linked with the economic performances of the enterprise. The author also studies the concrete measures for implementing thethree types of distribution relation. The author holds that the new dis-tribution measures requires three reductions (tax, fund payment and mostpart of the enterprise fund) and pay according to work at two levels.

作者认为国家与企业间的分配主要指对企业销售净产值的分配。在有计划的商品经济的条件下,国家和企业之间存在着三种不同性质的分配关系,即:政企之间的分配关系,所有者和经营者之间的分配关系和国家(社会)对企业(劳动者集体)的按劳分配关系。第一种分配关系以国家政治权力为前提,采用税收的形式实现;第二种分配关系遵守等价交换的原则,采用资金价格及其转化形式实现;关于第三种分配关系作者认为,在社会主义条件下,个人消费品的分配既不宜采取工资的形式,也不宜由社会直接分配职工,而存在两级分配关系,国家同企业之间存在着按劳分配关系。应遵守按劳分配的原则,采用工资总额(企业集体的劳动报酬)与企业经营成果挂钩的形式实现。对如何具体实现这三种分配关系,作者也进行了探讨。作者认为,新的分配方法是三次扣除(税金、资金付费和大部分企业基金),两级按劳分配。

Abstract The traditional definition of collective ownership in our country is based on non - market economy suppositions, namely, 1 )Iabour force is not owned by indivdual;2 ) the coexistence of owners,managers and producers in same entity; 3)the means of production have no capital attribute; 4)the use of land without reward: 5 ) the mono -supposition of public ownreship; 6)that consumer goods are distributed according to labour is the only form of distribution. In the course if establishing socialist market...

Abstract The traditional definition of collective ownership in our country is based on non - market economy suppositions, namely, 1 )Iabour force is not owned by indivdual;2 ) the coexistence of owners,managers and producers in same entity; 3)the means of production have no capital attribute; 4)the use of land without reward: 5 ) the mono -supposition of public ownreship; 6)that consumer goods are distributed according to labour is the only form of distribution. In the course if establishing socialist market economy,these suppositions which are imcompatble with China's actualities are seriously restricting the development of collectively owned economy.

我国传统的集体所有制定义是基于非市场经济假设,具体为:(1)劳动力非个人所有假设;(2)所有者、经营者、生产者同体共存假设;(3)生产资料无资本属性假设;(4)土地可无偿使用假设;(5)一元公有化假设;(6)个人消费品以按劳分配为唯一形式的假设。在建立社会主义市场经济体制过程中,这些不切合中国实际的假设,已严重制约了集体所有制经济的发展。

 
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