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   麻风 在 皮肤病与性病 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.054秒
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  leprosy
Severe polyneuropathy in tangier disease mimicking syringomyelia or leprosy
      
Because of unusual trophic disturbances even leprosy was suspected.
      
Asymptomatic nerve hypertrophy in lepromatous leprosy: a clinical, electrophysiological and morphological study
      
The conduction velocity of the cutaneous radial nerve, which was decreased in all patients, did not significantly differ from that of a group of patients with lepromatous leprosy, hypertrophy of the radial cutaneous nerve and sensory loss.
      
Both infection of Schwann cells and secretory products released by mononuclear cells involved in the inflammatory process are likely to play a role in the lesions of nerve fibres observed in early stages of lepromatous leprosy.
      
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  lepra
Aktueller Stand der Therapie mit Clofazimin (Lampren?) bei Lepra, Erythema leprosum und anderen Dermatosen nach Abgabe des Medik
      
Das Lucio-Ph?nomen (LP) tritt bei Patienten mit Lucio-Lepra auf (LuL).
      
Neben den spezifischen Zeichen der Lucio-Lepra zeigten sich Gef??thrombi und ihre Obliteration bzw.
      
Die Lepra war in Zentraleuropa seit Anfang des 18.?Jahrhunderts erloschen.
      
Im Jahr 1907 wurde Antileprol (Bayer) als erstes industrielles Fertigpr?parat gegen Lepra eingeführt.
      
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  leprae
Defects in T-lymphocytes predispose individuals to severe infections with intracellular bacteria, e.g.Mycobacterium leprae, and in such cases the response to chemotherapy is again poor.
      
Clinical evidence is now growing that the newer 14 and 15 membered macrolide compounds have therapeutic activity againstMycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium chelonae andMycobacterium leprae.
      
The pathogen is Mycobacterium leprae, a slow-growing, obligate intracellular pathogen that consistently infects skin and peripheral nerves.
      
Elektronenmikroskopische Darstellung des Lepraerregers (Mycobacterium Leprae)
      
Glutamic acid decarboxylase in Mycobacterium leprae
      
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  leprosy patients
Clinical screening for ulnar nerve damage in leprosy patients
      
Influence of once-monthly rifampicin and daily clofazimine on the pharmacokinetics of dapsone in leprosy patients in Nigeria
      
In leprosy patients in Nigeria the influence of daily clofazimine and of once-monthly rifampicin on the pharmacokinetics of dapsone has been investigated.
      
Present trends for correction of finger deformity in leprosy patients are summarized, emphasizing the merits and demerits of the most commonly employed procedures.
      
Correction of mild and moderately collapsed nose in leprosy patients using a metatarsal corticoperiosteal bone graft
      
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  其他


Sixteen cases of histoid leprosy were found among 499 in-patients in Qinhu Leprosarium during the period of 1974 to 1979. It was estimated that the incidence of histoid leprosy was 3.2% of the total in-patients and 6.8% of the LL-BL patients respectively. Clinical studies suggested that all these cases were sulfone resistant. In eight cases of histoid leprosy drug sensitivity on M. leprae were tested by the technique of growing bacilli in the foot-pads of mice fed with various concentrations of DDS diet. Six...

Sixteen cases of histoid leprosy were found among 499 in-patients in Qinhu Leprosarium during the period of 1974 to 1979. It was estimated that the incidence of histoid leprosy was 3.2% of the total in-patients and 6.8% of the LL-BL patients respectively. Clinical studies suggested that all these cases were sulfone resistant. In eight cases of histoid leprosy drug sensitivity on M. leprae were tested by the technique of growing bacilli in the foot-pads of mice fed with various concentrations of DDS diet. Six of them revealed DDS resistant, while low grade DDS resistance could not be excluded in the other two cases. Blood sulfone levels were determined and no evidence of poor absorption of DDS was found. All these cases gave negative Mitsuda reactions. There was no significant difference of ERFC tests and PHA-lymphocyte transformation tests between the histoid cases and the active BL-LL patients, as well as the BT-TT patients.Authors suggested that the emergence of sulfone resistant strains of M. leprae might be one of the etiologic factors in inducing histoid leproma. Prolonged irregular sulfone intake or insufficient dosage of DDS resulted in the development of sulfone resistance.

本文报告1975~1977年在江苏太县溱湖医院发现组织样麻风瘤16例。其一般临床表现与瘤型、界线类偏瘤型麻风相似,组织样损害分为四型;临床资料提示其为耐砜类药物菌株所致。8例中之6例经鼠足垫试验证实为耐氨苯砜菌株,组织病理学诊断为典型组织样麻风瘤4例,不典型12例;对部分病人进行了免疫学检查。作者认为麻风杆菌耐砜类药物突变株可能是产生组织样损害的原因之一。

In this paper,immunopathologic feature in skin lesions of 27 patients wtih leprosy were observed with DIF technique.The results were:Band-like deposits of IgG and IgM were present at BMZ in 2 BT patients,and IgM deposits at BMZ in 1 BL patient.In most cases from BT to BL,IgM and C3 deposits were found in the dermal vascular walls.No deposit was found in skin lesions of 2 I and 3TT patients and no deposits of IgA was showed in skin lesions of all patients.These findings might be significant for further study...

In this paper,immunopathologic feature in skin lesions of 27 patients wtih leprosy were observed with DIF technique.The results were:Band-like deposits of IgG and IgM were present at BMZ in 2 BT patients,and IgM deposits at BMZ in 1 BL patient.In most cases from BT to BL,IgM and C3 deposits were found in the dermal vascular walls.No deposit was found in skin lesions of 2 I and 3TT patients and no deposits of IgA was showed in skin lesions of all patients.These findings might be significant for further study on pathogenesis of leprosy.

用直接免疫荧光法,观察了27例各型麻风病人皮疹的免疫病理特征。结果:2例 BT,基底膜区(BMZ)有 IgG、IgM 沉积呈带状。1例 BZ,BML 部位有 IgM 沉积。从 BT—BL 的大多数病例,其皮内血管壁上有 IgM、C_3沉积,IgA 全部病例阳性;2例Ⅰ,3例 TT,未见有 Ig 沉积。这对麻风发病机理的研究将有重要意义。

The Southwest Prefecture of Guizhou Province is a national autonomous region inhabited mainly by Buyi and Miao nationalities.A clue survey of leprosy was carried out there from 1982 to 1985. and 783 new patients were found.Now there are 1689 active patients, amounting to 0.75‰ of the population of the region,decreased by 72% from accumulated number of patients. Of the newly detected 783 patients,the range of their ages is 6~78 years;the proportion of male to female is 3.07 to 1;durations of their disease are...

The Southwest Prefecture of Guizhou Province is a national autonomous region inhabited mainly by Buyi and Miao nationalities.A clue survey of leprosy was carried out there from 1982 to 1985. and 783 new patients were found.Now there are 1689 active patients, amounting to 0.75‰ of the population of the region,decreased by 72% from accumulated number of patients. Of the newly detected 783 patients,the range of their ages is 6~78 years;the proportion of male to female is 3.07 to 1;durations of their disease are 4 months to 41 years,with anaverage of 11.1 years;the type rate is 55.42% and the proportion of patients having a history of contact with leprosy patients accounts for 55.1%.

贵州省黔西南州是一个以布依族、苗族为主的少数民族自治州,位于云贵高原的南部边沿。该州1982年6月~1985年6月对所辖八县进行了一次以线索调查为主、抽样普查为辅的麻风流行病学调查,发现病人783例,复发146例,加上原有的共有现症病人1689例,占全州人口的0.75‰。以普安县患病率最高,达2.15‰。全州历年治愈病人2223例、死亡355例、外迁66例、累计患病人数4333例、累计患病率为2.73‰。经过近30年的防治,患病率已下降了72.53%。 783例新病人中男:女=3.07∶1,年龄6~78岁,型率55.42%,病期4月~41年、平均11.1年,畸型55.6%,由家内家外传染者55.1%、不明者44.9%,复发率为11.01%。

 
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