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权利侵害说
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  “权利侵害说”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Among the theories of bourgeois criminal law,as for the essence of justifiable defence,are the theory of natural law,the theory of the state of emergency,the theory of effectiveness and that of infringing upon one's rights.
     关于正当防卫的本质 ,资产阶级刑法理论提出了自然法说、紧急状态说、效用说、权利侵害说等不同的观点。
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  相似匹配句对
     Say "Preface"
     “序”
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     Say Something about Metronome
     “节”
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     On the Infringements of the Rights and Their Legal Liability in Tang’s China
     唐代的权利侵害及其法律责任
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     In a country advancing democracy and rule of law, any infringement on the right of public servants should be remedied.
     在一个奉行民主法治的国家,应保障对公务员权利侵害的救济。
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     Among the theories of bourgeois criminal law,as for the essence of justifiable defence,are the theory of natural law,the theory of the state of emergency,the theory of effectiveness and that of infringing upon one's rights.
     关于正当防卫的本质 ,资产阶级刑法理论提出了自然法说、紧急状态说、效用说、权利侵害说等不同的观点。
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Among the theories of bourgeois criminal law,as for the essence of justifiable defence,are the theory of natural law,the theory of the state of emergency,the theory of effectiveness and that of infringing upon one's rights. However,these view points are somewhat onesided and formalistic, which has brought to light the nature of justifiable defence. In fact, the existence of justifiable defence bases solidly on the foundations of and morality. (1)foundations of philosophy—the opposite of unity of rights and...

Among the theories of bourgeois criminal law,as for the essence of justifiable defence,are the theory of natural law,the theory of the state of emergency,the theory of effectiveness and that of infringing upon one's rights. However,these view points are somewhat onesided and formalistic, which has brought to light the nature of justifiable defence. In fact, the existence of justifiable defence bases solidly on the foundations of and morality. (1)foundations of philosophy—the opposite of unity of rights and powes; (2)foundations of Jurisprudence— retribution and prevention; (3)The foundations of morality—the unity of opposite of justice and order.Therefore,the Essence of justifiable defence is pluralistical rather than monistical.

关于正当防卫的本质 ,资产阶级刑法理论提出了自然法说、紧急状态说、效用说、权利侵害说等不同的观点。这些观点都有形式化、片面性的缺点 ,未能科学揭示正当防卫的本质。事实上 ,正当防卫的存在具有坚实的哲学根据、法学根据和道义根据。 (1 )哲学根据——权利与权力的对立统一 ;(2 )法学根据——报应与预防 ;(3)道义根据——正义与秩序的对立统一。因此 ,正当防卫的本质是多元的而不是一元的。

Recently Chinese scholars propose that the term of trespass of legal interest should replace the term of social harmfulness; the author holds that the proposal should be carefully handled. In the criminal documentations in Germany and Japan, the term of Trespass of legal interest remains unclear and controversial. Such replacement only changes the term by the name, while does not touch the essential problem of trespass of rights. Therefore such replacement is not successful at all. In the Chinese criminal academia,...

Recently Chinese scholars propose that the term of trespass of legal interest should replace the term of social harmfulness; the author holds that the proposal should be carefully handled. In the criminal documentations in Germany and Japan, the term of Trespass of legal interest remains unclear and controversial. Such replacement only changes the term by the name, while does not touch the essential problem of trespass of rights. Therefore such replacement is not successful at all. In the Chinese criminal academia, the replacement(Trespass of legal interests for trespass of social harmfulness) just repeats the way of replacement of trespass of rights with trespass of legal interests in other countries. Basically it is right of the trespass of social harmfulness to unite the subjectivity with objectivity of the criminal behaviors. Only the objective dangerous act can cause the social harmfulness. This harmfulness not only includes the direct harm to the victim, but also includes indirect increased costs of criminal prevention and criminal processing, Thus, a crime is in essence a behavior which can cause the direct harm to the victim and also results in increasing more costs in criminal prevention and criminal processing.

近年来 ,我国有学者主张用法益侵害说取代社会危害性说。这种观点是值得商榷的。在德国和日本的刑法理论中 ,法益侵害并不是一个明确统一的概念 ,而是一个争议颇多的概念。法益侵害说只是在名称上取代了权利侵害说 ,但并没有解决权利侵害说所面临的问题。这种取代并不成功。在我国刑法学界 ,用法益侵害说取代社会危害性说的作法是在重复法益侵害说取代权利侵害说的老路。我国传统的主观与客观相统一的社会危害性说的基本方向是正确的 ,但没有解决如何把主观和客观统一起来的问题。其实 ,主观与客观相统一应该统一于行为的客观方面 ,只有表现为客观危害行为的主观心态才能给社会造成危害。这种客观危害既包括犯罪行为给被害人造成的直接危害 ,也包括给社会带来的犯罪预防成本和处置犯罪的诉讼成本。因此 ,在本质上 ,犯罪是以一定方式或样态给被害人造成直接损害的、给社会带来犯罪预防成本的并需要动用刑罚资源加以处置的行为。

 
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