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腰围高
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     V. C.
     V.C;
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     high performance/cost ratio.
     性能价格比
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     The Study of the Correlationship between Waist Circumference and Coronary Heart Disease
     腰围与冠心病的相关性应用研究
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     Relationship among BMI,waist circumference and anthropometric measurements
     腰围、BMI与人体测量参数的关系
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     Correlation between the ratio of circumference of lumbus to buttockand coronary heart discase
     腰围和臀围的比值与冠心病的关系
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  waist height
Touch condition involved a gentle light touch with the right index finger on a nearby surface at waist height.
      
Designed to strap on when giving a massage, holsters conveniently hold your massage products at waist height.
      
Hold the instrument at approximately waist height, and slowly walk through the area.
      
It was set at just below waist height, so that a volunteer wearing the apron approached the meter to 10 cms to take an immediate reading.
      
It grows to waist height on shallow sandy soils, and in stony areas, especially on koppies.
      
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AIM: To observe the clinical effect of modified massage in treatment of acute lumbar sprain and explore the optimized massage therapy for acute lumbar sprain, with the expectation to further increase the reliability and effectiveness of the massage therapy.METHODS: Totally 120 patients with acute lumbar sprain (psoas muscle sprain and lumbar vertebra back joint disorder), including 83 males and 37 females, were selected from the outpatient clinic of Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Affiliated Hospital...

AIM: To observe the clinical effect of modified massage in treatment of acute lumbar sprain and explore the optimized massage therapy for acute lumbar sprain, with the expectation to further increase the reliability and effectiveness of the massage therapy.METHODS: Totally 120 patients with acute lumbar sprain (psoas muscle sprain and lumbar vertebra back joint disorder), including 83 males and 37 females, were selected from the outpatient clinic of Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Ningxia Medical College between January 2004 and April 2005.They were divided into three groups according to the diagnosed sepuence: modified massage group, traditional massage group and drug treatment group, with 40 cases in each group.①Modified massage therapy: To relieve the spasm in lumbosacral area: In prone position, the patient was firstly pressed and rubbed on Weizhong(BL40) for 2 minutes, and then turned to around the pain spot for 15 minutes with poking channels manipulation. To adjust the back joint of lumbar vertebra in modified inclined pulling manipulation: The patient was in side-lying position (diseased side up) with the lower limbs of lower area straightening naturally and lower limbs of upper area flexing coxa and benting knee. Facing the patient, the doctor put one hand at the anterior part of the patient's should while the other hand flexed the elbow to put on the patient's iliac area with the inner side of elbow, with thumb on the lesion segment. The lumbar part was shaked gently in the narrow range and turned to shake gradually until two hands were face-to-face. When turned to the limited position, lesion segment was taken as the pulling fulcrum and just given a short and delicate push. To eliminate blood stasis and remove obstruction of lumbosacral area: In prone position, the patient was given friction manipulation in and around the pain spot or lumbosacral area, taking heat penetration as the standard.②Traditional massage therapy: The treatments were adopted and provided by Chinese Tuina Therapeutics edited by Li Ye-fu, including treatment principles, method, acupoint choice, locus and operation.③Drug treatment: The oral administration of 600 mg Fenbid was given twice one day, and simple lumbar fixation was arranged to the patient with severe pain (with the height of 30 cm and two hard laminas in back to have the immobilizating effect).Course: Once one day, three days as a course in massage groups Seven days as a course in drug treatment. All the three groups were treated for a course. The changes of clinical symptom, physical sign and score of patients before and after treatment were observed, and instant effect for acute lumbar sprain were detected.RESULTS: All the 120 patients of acute lumbar sprain were involved in the result analysis, without drop.①Difference was significant in the effect scores of three groups before and after treatment (t=1.96,1.665,1.99,P < 0.01)It was higher in massage groups than that in drug treatment group (t=13.225,11.355,P < 0.01) There was no significant difference between the scores of modified massage group and traditional massage group (t =1.32,P > 0.05). ②The number of patients, whose ameliorating rate were excellent, differed significantly among three groups(39/97.5%, 28/70.0%, 5/12.5%, χ2=58.178, P < 0.01).The number in traditional massage group was lower than in modified massage group, and higher than in drug treatment group.③The effective rate of modified massage group was higher than that of traditional massage group, and it was also significantly higher in traditional massage group than in drug treatment group, with the significant difference (28/70.0%,25/62.5%,5/12.5%;χ2=30.399,P < 0.01). ④The difference was significant between the complete effective rates of modified massage group and traditional massage group(15/37.50%,4/10.00%χ2=8.107,P < 0.05) CONCLUSION: Both massage therapy and drug treatment have effects on acute lumbar sprain, and massage therapy is better than drug treatment The complete effective rate, total effective rate and ameliorating rate are better in modified massage therapy than in traditional massage therapy.

目的:观察改良后推拿手法治疗急性腰扭伤的临床疗效,探索推拿治疗急性腰扭伤的优化手法方案,以期进一步提高推拿治疗急性腰扭伤的安全性、有效性。方法:选择2004-01/2005-04宁夏医学院附属医院康复医学科门诊就诊的急性腰扭伤(腰肌扭伤和腰椎后关节紊乱)患者120例,男83例,女37例,按就诊顺序分成改良手法治疗组、传统手法治疗组和药物治疗组各40例。①推拿改良手法:解除腰骶部肌肉痉挛:患者呈俯卧位,先按揉委中穴2min,再在痛点周围施以按揉、弹拨法15min。改良斜扳法调整腰椎后关节:患者呈侧卧位(患侧在上),下位下肢自然伸直,上位下肢屈髋曲膝。医生面对患者,一手置于患者肩前部,而另一手屈肘以肘内侧置于患者髂部而拇指置于病变节段。先同一方向轻缓地小幅度摇动腰部并逐渐过渡到两手相对。当腰部转到限制位时,病变节段处于扳动的支点,给予一短促轻巧的推冲力即可。腰骶部化瘀通络:患者呈俯卧位,在痛点及周围或腰骶部施以擦法,透热为度。②传统手法治疗:采用李业甫主编的《中国推拿治疗学》中提供的治疗方法,包括治则、方法、取穴、治疗部位和操作。③药物治疗:口服芬必得600mg,每天2次,痛甚者简易腰围固定(腰围高约...

目的:观察改良后推拿手法治疗急性腰扭伤的临床疗效,探索推拿治疗急性腰扭伤的优化手法方案,以期进一步提高推拿治疗急性腰扭伤的安全性、有效性。方法:选择2004-01/2005-04宁夏医学院附属医院康复医学科门诊就诊的急性腰扭伤(腰肌扭伤和腰椎后关节紊乱)患者120例,男83例,女37例,按就诊顺序分成改良手法治疗组、传统手法治疗组和药物治疗组各40例。①推拿改良手法:解除腰骶部肌肉痉挛:患者呈俯卧位,先按揉委中穴2min,再在痛点周围施以按揉、弹拨法15min。改良斜扳法调整腰椎后关节:患者呈侧卧位(患侧在上),下位下肢自然伸直,上位下肢屈髋曲膝。医生面对患者,一手置于患者肩前部,而另一手屈肘以肘内侧置于患者髂部而拇指置于病变节段。先同一方向轻缓地小幅度摇动腰部并逐渐过渡到两手相对。当腰部转到限制位时,病变节段处于扳动的支点,给予一短促轻巧的推冲力即可。腰骶部化瘀通络:患者呈俯卧位,在痛点及周围或腰骶部施以擦法,透热为度。②传统手法治疗:采用李业甫主编的《中国推拿治疗学》中提供的治疗方法,包括治则、方法、取穴、治疗部位和操作。③药物治疗:口服芬必得600mg,每天2次,痛甚者简易腰围固定(腰围高约30cm,腰背部有两片硬性薄片,起制动作用)。疗程:推拿组1疗程3d,1次/d;药物组1疗程7d。3组均治疗1疗程,通过观察患者治疗前后临床症状、体征及评分的变化,判定对急性腰扭伤患者的即刻疗效。结果:急性腰扭伤患者120例全部进入结果分析,没有脱落。①改良手法治疗组、传统手法治疗组、药物治疗组治疗后疗效评分与治疗前比较差异均有显著性(t=1.96,1.665,1.99,P<0.01);且推拿治疗后评分高于药物治疗后评分(t=13.225,11.355,P<0.01);改良手法与传统手法治疗急性腰扭伤治疗后评分相差不大(t=1.32,P>0.05)。②改良手法治疗组、传统手法治疗组、药物治疗组3组改善率为优的患者比较差异有显著性(39/97.5%,28/70.0%,5/12.5%,χ2=58.178,P<0.01);改良手法治疗组高于传统手法治疗组,传统手法治疗组明显高于药物治疗组。③3组治愈率比较差异有显著性(28/70.0%,25/62.5%,5/12.5%;χ2=30.399,P<0.01),改良手法治疗组优于传统手法治疗组,传统手法治疗组明显优于药物治疗组。④改良手法治疗组、传统手法治疗组1次的治愈率差异比较有显著性(15/37.50%,4/10.00%;χ2=8.107,P<0.05)。结论:无论是推拿还是药物治疗急性腰扭伤均有疗效,推拿治疗好于药物治疗;推拿改良手法在1次治愈率、总治愈率和优改善率方面好于传统手法。

Objective To describe the epidemiological characteristics and relative factors of adults with diabetes in Liaoning province.Methods With multi-stage randomized cluster sampling,8 227 cases were selected from the 540 families in seven urban and suburb districts of Liaoning province.Data of diabetes history and social-economic status for residents aged 18 and over yrs were investigated by face-to-face interview,and of 2 808 cases were assayed on their blood glucose.Results Among 2 808 cases who were detected on...

Objective To describe the epidemiological characteristics and relative factors of adults with diabetes in Liaoning province.Methods With multi-stage randomized cluster sampling,8 227 cases were selected from the 540 families in seven urban and suburb districts of Liaoning province.Data of diabetes history and social-economic status for residents aged 18 and over yrs were investigated by face-to-face interview,and of 2 808 cases were assayed on their blood glucose.Results Among 2 808 cases who were detected on blood glucose,the general prevalence rate of DM was 5.4%(153/2 808).The prevalent rates were increased with the age and it was higher in city than in rural,but no difference between male and female.The rate of impaired fasting glucose(IFG) was 4.9%(137/2 808).The proportion of cases aged ≥18 years old,who had been assayed on their blood glucose,was 14.4%.42.8% of DM cases took three measures which were medication,physical activity and diet control for their blood glucose control.The relative risk factors were screened by Logistic regression analysis.The major relative risk factors for diabetes were age,living area,family history of diabetes,Waistline,and hyper-triglyceridemia.Conclusions The results indicated it allowed no optimism for the status and developing trend of DM in Liaoning province.Many factors were related to diabetes.

目的了解辽宁省居民糖尿病的流行特点及相关因素,为制定糖尿病防治措施提供科学依据。方法应用多阶段分层整群随机抽样方法,抽取辽宁省城市、农村的7个市(区)县540户,共8227人,用询问调查获得18岁以上居民糖尿病既往史和个人基本情况,其中2808人检测血糖、血脂。结果2808名≥18岁居民测量血糖,其中糖尿病(DM)患者153人,DM患病率为5.4%,DM患病率随着年龄的增加而上升,城市明显高于农村,性别之间没有差异。空腹血糖受损(IFG)者137人,患病率为4.9%。≥18岁居民曾经测过血糖的为1185人,占14.4%。同时采取控制饮食、增加体力活动和药物治疗3种措施者仅占42.8%。年龄、地区、家族史、腰围、高甘油三酯是糖尿病的主要危险因素,OR值分别为1.757,0.486,2.815,2.336。结论辽宁省DM患病现状和趋势不容乐观;多种危险因素与DM相关。

 
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