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铬溃疡
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  相似匹配句对
     Manufacture of Chromium Aventurine Glasses
     熔制金星玻璃
短句来源
     Trivalent Chromium Brush Plating
     三价刷镀
短句来源
     Prevention and Treatment for Stoma Ulcer
     吻合口溃疡防治
短句来源
     PEPTIC ULCER OF THE AGED
     老年消化性溃疡
短句来源
     The health hazard of the chromium compounds was mainly manifested in nose, eliciting fester, ulcer, perforation of nasal septum.
     化合物对人体危害的主要表现在鼻部,可致鼻中隔糜烂、溃疡、穿孔。
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Based on the investigation of 86 chromeplating workers in a certain torchfactory,the study made advantage of questionaire,physical examination,rhinolaryngological examination,smell detection,skin examination andmeasure of CrO_3 concentration in the air.The geometric mean concentrationof CrO_3 in the air are ranging from 0.011 to 0.032 mg/m~3.21 % of the ex-posed workers suffered from erosion of nasal mucosa,but no reaction ofulceration.There were no significant difference of measuring values of lungfunction...

Based on the investigation of 86 chromeplating workers in a certain torchfactory,the study made advantage of questionaire,physical examination,rhinolaryngological examination,smell detection,skin examination andmeasure of CrO_3 concentration in the air.The geometric mean concentrationof CrO_3 in the air are ranging from 0.011 to 0.032 mg/m~3.21 % of the ex-posed workers suffered from erosion of nasal mucosa,but no reaction ofulceration.There were no significant difference of measuring values of lungfunction between the exposed and control groups.No increase of chromeulceration and eontact dermatitis was found by way of skin examination.Subjective symptoms were mainly of nasal,skin and neurasthenic types.

以某电筒厂铬电镀工人86名为对象,通过询问、体格检查、鼻咽部检查、嗅觉测定、皮肤检查、肺功能测定及空气铬酸浓度测定,结果发现在空气几何平均浓度0.011~0.032CrO_3mg/m~3之间,21%的接触者出现鼻粘膜的糜烂,但未见到鼻粘膜溃疡的反应,肺功能测定值接触组与对照组相比,差别无显著性,皮肤检查未发现铬溃疡与接触性皮炎的增多,主观症状主要为口鼻刺激症状、皮肤刺激症状及神经衰弱症状。

[Purpose] To learn the status of occupational hazards of chromium to workers' skin and nasopharyns in a metal smeltery in Hunan province. [Method] Monitor the density of chromium in the air of workshop, and carry out an occupational somatoscopy in skin and nasopharynx of workers exposed to chromium. [Result] Case rate of occupational chromic rhinopathy among workers exposed to chromium in this smeltery was 10.30% , case rate of occupational contact dermatitis was 9.44% , and case rate of skin chromic pits was...

[Purpose] To learn the status of occupational hazards of chromium to workers' skin and nasopharyns in a metal smeltery in Hunan province. [Method] Monitor the density of chromium in the air of workshop, and carry out an occupational somatoscopy in skin and nasopharynx of workers exposed to chromium. [Result] Case rate of occupational chromic rhinopathy among workers exposed to chromium in this smeltery was 10.30% , case rate of occupational contact dermatitis was 9.44% , and case rate of skin chromic pits was 6.44% . [Conclusion] The occupational hazards of chromium allow of no ignorance, means of ventilation and toxicant elimination should be strengthened, individual hygienic protection should be urged, and all the occupational diseases should be actively treated.

[目的]为了解湖南省某金属冶炼厂铬对作业工人皮肤、鼻咽部职业性危害的状况。[方法]对车间空气中铬浓度进行了监测;并对车间第一线铬作业工人开展了皮肤、鼻咽部等方面的职业性健康检查。[结果]该分厂铬作业工人职业性铬鼻病的患病率为10.30%;职业性接触性皮炎的患病率为9.44%;皮肤铬溃疡的患病率为6.44%。[结论]铬的职业性危害不容忽视,厂方应加强通风排毒措施,督促工人做好个人卫生防护,积极治疗各种职业性疾患。

 
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