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婚礼
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The status and the determinants of contraceptive use either before registration or before wedding were analyzed, using data from the survey of 7,872 newly-married couples, who got the marriage licenses in the districts of Shanghai, during Aug 1987~Aug. 1988. The results showed that 12.3% and 15.4% of couples had had sexual behavior before marriage registration and before wedding (i.e during the time period from marriage registration to wedding) respectively, with 33.7% and 18.0% of users having contraceptive...

The status and the determinants of contraceptive use either before registration or before wedding were analyzed, using data from the survey of 7,872 newly-married couples, who got the marriage licenses in the districts of Shanghai, during Aug 1987~Aug. 1988. The results showed that 12.3% and 15.4% of couples had had sexual behavior before marriage registration and before wedding (i.e during the time period from marriage registration to wedding) respectively, with 33.7% and 18.0% of users having contraceptive failure. The most commonly used first contraceptive methods were rhythm, condom and withdra-wl. The most important reasons for contraceptive failure were calculating rhythm incorrectly and too late withdrawl. The main ways for getting and knowing contraceptive methods were also analyzed. The factors affecting contraceptive use either before registration or before wedding were wife's contraceptive knowledge score, wife's ability of discussing contraception with other persons, couplets intended waiting for time of conception, the time period from starting sexual behavior to marriage registration or to wedding. The survey indicates that it is necessary to strengthen the education of contraceptive knowledge and give contraceptive to the premarital young and the couples who have taken out marriage licenses but not yet held wedding ceremony.

本文对上海市7872对新婚夫妇婚前,包括结婚登记前和结婚登记至办婚礼期间(简称举办婚礼前,下同)避孕措施的使用状况作了分析。结果表明,结婚登记前和婚礼前,分别有12.3%和15.4%的夫妇有过性行为,其中分别有35.2%和23.7%的夫妇使用过避孕措施。最常使用的避孕措施为安全期、避孕套和体外排精。避孕失败率分别为33.7%和18.0%。避孕失败的最重要原因是安全期计算失误和体外排精失控。结婚登记前不使用避孕措施的主要原因是缺乏避孕知识和无法获得药具。影响夫妇在结婚登记前和婚礼前使用避孕措施的因素有:妻子的避孕知识分数、与他人谈论避孕的能力、夫妇的晚育意愿,发生性行为距结婚登记或距办婚礼的时间间隔。本文对婚前使用的避孕药具的来源及对避孕知识的了解途径也作了分析。调查表明,加强对未婚青年(包括已领取结婚证但尚未办婚礼的夫妇)避孕知识的宣教和避孕药具的发放是必要的。

A follow-up study with 7,826 newlyweds sampled from marriage registration offices was carried out in Shanghai Municipality for fifteen months after their weddings. Among them, 3,412 couples were actually contraceptive users, Even if the rhythm was the most popular method,the proportion of Pill adopting couples before weddings was higher than after weddings. About 86 percent of couples'who had Planned to use the rhythm actually used it after marriage. Only 16 percent of couples planned to take the Pill aetually...

A follow-up study with 7,826 newlyweds sampled from marriage registration offices was carried out in Shanghai Municipality for fifteen months after their weddings. Among them, 3,412 couples were actually contraceptive users, Even if the rhythm was the most popular method,the proportion of Pill adopting couples before weddings was higher than after weddings. About 86 percent of couples'who had Planned to use the rhythm actually used it after marriage. Only 16 percent of couples planned to take the Pill aetually adopted it,beoause they worried about that the Pill would damage wife's general and fetal health. These goals,however, were very blurred.By fitting the multinomial logistic regression model, it was shown that Contraceptive evaluation" and "Contraceptive goal" were the most important eovariates in determining couple's contraceptive methcd choice. Wife's contrace' Ptive knowledge ("Contraceptive eompetence") and "Contraceptive access" were also influencial in couple's choosing of contraceptive method in some extent.

对上海市区7816对抽样新婚夫妇一年随访显示在3412对采取避孕夫妇中于初育前各时点以安全期为首选方法;婚礼前避孕夫妇有选用口服避孕药的倾向。婚礼后选用安全期、避孕套及两者配合的比例上升。领证时拟用安全期避孕的夫妇中86%均于婚后实际采用了该方法。而拟服避孕药者仅16%于婚后实际服药;这是由于她们担心服药会损害自身及胎儿健康,他们对避孕药的认识是不全面的。婚后一年时仍有62%的避孕套使用者对使用方法未得到认真指导,而近一半的服避孕药及使用杀精剂者均由朋友处得到指导。各时点由计划生育人员主动提供药具的比例极低。多项分类Logistic回归模型显示对避孕法的评价及认识是影响新婚夫妇选用避孕方法的主要因素;妻子的避孕知识及对避孕方法的可得性在一定程度上亦影响夫妇对避孕方法的选择。

The present paper gives a minute description of the marriage customs ofmodern Tian--zhu Tibetans,which are of strong national and regional characters, shows us a complete picture of the marriage customs according in awealth of data from field researches.

天祝藏族婚礼习俗华锐·东智OnMarriageCustomsofTian--zhuTibetans¥Huarei.DunzhiAbstract:Thepresentpapergivesaminutedescriptionofthemarriagecu...

 
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