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   蜂窝织炎 在 眼科与耳鼻咽喉科 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.496秒
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眼科与耳鼻咽喉科
临床医学
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皮肤病与性病
感染性疾病及传染病
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蜂窝织炎
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  cellulitis
The use of oral antibiotics for the treatment of pharyngitis, otitis media, sinusitis, bronchitis, certain pneumonias, cellulitis, urinary tract infections and as follow-up therapy to systemic administration is discussed.
      
We are reporting a case of pneumococcal cellulitis with bacteremia in a patient with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and nephrotic syndrome.
      
Four cases of pneumococcal cellulitis in adults have been reported in the literature.
      
Cellulitis due to catalase-negativeStaphylococcus aureus
      
Hemophilus influenzae biotype III cellulitis in an adult
      
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32 cases of ocular plerocercoid disease found in our Center during the past 12 years were studied and analysed clinically in this paper. Most of the patients (30 cases) lived in the rural areas,their age ranging from 1(1/2) to 54 years.The main way of infection was through frog tissue attached to the face and the head of the patients before the onset of OMPD (27 cases). It is difficult to make a correct diagnosis in the early stage,and is easily misdiagnosed as orbital cellulitis,orbital tumors or pseudotumors...

32 cases of ocular plerocercoid disease found in our Center during the past 12 years were studied and analysed clinically in this paper. Most of the patients (30 cases) lived in the rural areas,their age ranging from 1(1/2) to 54 years.The main way of infection was through frog tissue attached to the face and the head of the patients before the onset of OMPD (27 cases). It is difficult to make a correct diagnosis in the early stage,and is easily misdiagnosed as orbital cellulitis,orbital tumors or pseudotumors or allergic eyelid edema.Personal history is helpful for diagnosis.There is no treatment with medication.Surgical method is a radical cure.

本文收集我中心近12年来32例眼部曼逊氏裂头蚴病作一报道与临床分析。其中30例为农村人,年龄由1(1/2)-54岁。27例起病前有局部敷贴青蛙史。本病早期不易正确诊断,易误诊为眼眶蜂窝织炎、眼眶肿瘤或假瘤,眼皮肤过敏等。询问病史有助诊断。本病药物无效,根治方法是手术除虫。预后良好。

Objective To review the neurological manifestations of isolated sphenoiditis. Methods The symptoms, signs, imaging data, diagnoses and outcomes of 14 cases with sphenoiditis hospitalized in Peking Union Hospital June 1995 ~ January 2001 were analyzed retrospectively. Results The chief complaints of this group included headache (12 cases),visual loss and/or diplopia (7 cases), blood in nasal discharge (3 cases), purulent nasal discharge (2 cases), exophthalmoptosis (1case),fixation of eyeball (1case), and...

Objective To review the neurological manifestations of isolated sphenoiditis. Methods The symptoms, signs, imaging data, diagnoses and outcomes of 14 cases with sphenoiditis hospitalized in Peking Union Hospital June 1995 ~ January 2001 were analyzed retrospectively. Results The chief complaints of this group included headache (12 cases),visual loss and/or diplopia (7 cases), blood in nasal discharge (3 cases), purulent nasal discharge (2 cases), exophthalmoptosis (1case),fixation of eyeball (1case), and pharyngodynia (1 case). Six patients presented deficits of the second and/or third, fourth, and sixth cranial nerves; one patient had hemiplegia and aphasia; no more presentation of nervous system was found in all patients. Only five patients showed signs of posterior sinusitis in rhinologic examination. CT and/or MRI revealed isolated sphenoiditis (11 cases) and sphenoiditis with posterior ethmoiditis (3 cases). The complications of this group were intracranial infection involving frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes and brainstem (1 case), aneurysm of cavernous carotid artery (1 case), nasal cerebrospinal fluid leakage (1 case), optic neuritis (5 eyes), abducent paralysis (2 cases), orbital cellulitis (1 case) and orbital apex syndrome (1 case). All of the patients underwent endoscopic sphenoid surgery. 13 patients were free of headache after surgery. One patient died because of hernia of brain. Conclusion Headache can be the first or unique symptom of isolated sphenoiditis. Isolated sphenoiditis should be considered in diagnosis and differential diagnosis of headache. CT and MRI are the best tools in diagnosis of isolated sphenoiditis.

目的 探讨孤立性蝶窦炎的神经系统表现 ,为临床诊断和鉴别诊断提供参考。方法 分析北京协和医院 1995年 6月~ 2 0 0 1年 1月收治的 11例孤立性蝶窦炎和 3例蝶窦后组筛窦炎病例的临床症状、体征、影像学资料、诊断和治疗结果。结果  14例中主诉头痛 12例 ,视力下降和 /或复视7例 ,涕中带血 3例 ,脓涕 2例 ,眼球突出、眼球固定和咽痛各 1例。检查 6例有Ⅱ和 /或Ⅲ、Ⅳ、Ⅵ颅神经损害 ;1例对侧偏瘫 ,失语 ;余未见其他神经系统改变 ;所有病例的鼻科检查中只有 5例的鼻腔所见提示后组鼻窦病变。CT和 /或MRI发现 13例单侧、1例双侧蝶窦炎 ,3例同侧后组筛窦炎。 14例中并发累及患侧额叶、颞叶、顶叶和脑干的大范围颅内感染、海绵窦段颈内动脉血管瘤和脑脊液鼻漏各 1例 ;视神经炎 4例 ,其中 1例为双眼 ,眶内蜂窝织炎和眶尖综合征各 1例 ;2例并发外展神经麻痹。全部行鼻内窥镜下蝶窦开放病变切除术 ,部分病例同时抗感染治疗 ,除 1例广泛颅内感染脑疝死亡外 ,头痛全部缓解。结论 以孤立性蝶窦炎为主的后组鼻窦炎是一直存在而未被充分认识的一个疾病 ,它可仅有以头痛为主诉的神经系统...

目的 探讨孤立性蝶窦炎的神经系统表现 ,为临床诊断和鉴别诊断提供参考。方法 分析北京协和医院 1995年 6月~ 2 0 0 1年 1月收治的 11例孤立性蝶窦炎和 3例蝶窦后组筛窦炎病例的临床症状、体征、影像学资料、诊断和治疗结果。结果  14例中主诉头痛 12例 ,视力下降和 /或复视7例 ,涕中带血 3例 ,脓涕 2例 ,眼球突出、眼球固定和咽痛各 1例。检查 6例有Ⅱ和 /或Ⅲ、Ⅳ、Ⅵ颅神经损害 ;1例对侧偏瘫 ,失语 ;余未见其他神经系统改变 ;所有病例的鼻科检查中只有 5例的鼻腔所见提示后组鼻窦病变。CT和 /或MRI发现 13例单侧、1例双侧蝶窦炎 ,3例同侧后组筛窦炎。 14例中并发累及患侧额叶、颞叶、顶叶和脑干的大范围颅内感染、海绵窦段颈内动脉血管瘤和脑脊液鼻漏各 1例 ;视神经炎 4例 ,其中 1例为双眼 ,眶内蜂窝织炎和眶尖综合征各 1例 ;2例并发外展神经麻痹。全部行鼻内窥镜下蝶窦开放病变切除术 ,部分病例同时抗感染治疗 ,除 1例广泛颅内感染脑疝死亡外 ,头痛全部缓解。结论 以孤立性蝶窦炎为主的后组鼻窦炎是一直存在而未被充分认识的一个疾病 ,它可仅有以头痛为主诉的神经系统症状 ,并可引起严重的神经系统并发症 ,因此 ,在头痛的诊断和鉴别诊断中蝶窦炎是不可忽略的因素。CT和MRI是孤立性蝶窦炎的最佳

Objective:To learn the clinical classification,diagnosis and treatment of children orbital diseases.Method:67 children with orbital tumor were retrospectively investigated combined with pathological examination.65 cases of them underwent surgery.Results:51 of 67 cases were tumors,which were dermoid cyst,hemangioma,rhabdomyosarcoma as the three leading kinds;then 9 cases were blood cyst;3 cases were orbital foreign body,2 cases were congenital microphthalmus combined with cyst and l case was orbital cellulitis...

Objective:To learn the clinical classification,diagnosis and treatment of children orbital diseases.Method:67 children with orbital tumor were retrospectively investigated combined with pathological examination.65 cases of them underwent surgery.Results:51 of 67 cases were tumors,which were dermoid cyst,hemangioma,rhabdomyosarcoma as the three leading kinds;then 9 cases were blood cyst;3 cases were orbital foreign body,2 cases were congenital microphthalmus combined with cyst and l case was orbital cellulitis and congenital lacrimal gland fistula.Conclusion:Tumor and blood cyst are most common,children orbital diseases which are cor related with congenital, embryonic tumor or congenital deformity.Surgery is the main method for treatment.

目的 :研究儿童眼眶疾病的临床分类、诊断和治疗。方法 :回顾分析 6 7例眼眶病住院患儿的临床资料 ,其中 6 5例行手术治疗 ,结合病理检查进行统计学分析。结果 :6 7例中肿瘤 51例 ,前 3位是皮样囊肿、血管瘤、横纹肌肉瘤 ;然后是血囊肿 9例。眼眶异物 3例 ,先天性小眼球合并囊肿 2例 ,蜂窝织炎和先天性泪腺瘘各 1例。结论 :儿童眼眶病以肿瘤和血囊肿最常见 ,多与先天性、胚胎性肿瘤或先天性发育畸形有关 ,治疗方法以手术为主。

 
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