Mingled between the Western and the Eastern, a newly positive scientific outlook on nature and human, that is the human—socicety—nature are in perfect harmony, has gradually been formed, and is effecting the development of Shanghai gardening.
The origin,development process and essence of the ancient"conception of heaven and man"are of profound significance,and especially it has a more realistic significance on the construction of modern spiritual civilization.
From the angle of ontology, epistemology, and relation between heaven and man, a discussion is devoted to the humanistic characteristic of traditional Confucian outlook on heaven and man. The nonreligious route along which traditional mainstream culture developed is explained from category of cornerstone. The major difference between Chinese traditional humanistic culture and western humanistic culture and their different prospects are revealed by comparison.