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科学方法论
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  scientific methodology
However, evidence supporting this association has been limited because few studies with rigorous scientific methodology have been conducted.
      
Both historical and contemporary sex policing efforts suffer from the lack of scientific methodology and faulty reasoning regarding causality, as in the revival of prepsychoanalytic Freudian infantile seduction theory.
      
We explore the way in which critical aspects of scientific methodology make their appearance in the upscaling context, thus generating useful effective parameters in practice.
      
The Application of Scientific Methodology to a Contemporary Sports Journal
      
These team-based courses were designed to promote an understanding of scientific methodology and to refine field research and team skills.
      
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  science methodology
Fifth international conference on social science methodology research committee on logic and methodology (RC33) International So
      
China has a growing "superaging" population, known colloquially as a "tiger behind." This phenomenon has been traditionally analyzed by conventional social science methodology as a question of resource allocation to a burgeoning elderly population.
      
In the development of regional science methodology we observe an increasing series of trends from aggregate towards disaggregate, deterministic towards probabilistic and static towards dynamic modes of reasoning.
      
Some implications of the logical calculus for empirical classes for social science methodology
      
A new methodology has to be developed when dealing with these data, based on a combination of social science methodology and traditional archival descriptions.
      
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  methodology of science
Moreover, it is particularly beneficial for the methodology of science to study sample analysis and model construction using the examples from Analytical Chemistry.
      
The typology of scientific research is of considerable importance for the development of the methodology of science.
      
We take a "procedural methodology of science" as exemplified in the work of L.
      
Finally we point out some desiderata for the further discussion on methodology of science that would be the consequence of the acknowledgement of real bifurcations in scientific thought.
      
The Content of Science, The Methodology of Science and Hempel's Models of Explanation and Confirmation
      
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This paper makes a new suggestion on the system structure of the methodology in order to open up a new prospect for the education and research of Dialectics of Nature. First of all, the author reviews the five current kinds of the system structures of the methodology. And after analysing the basis on which the methodology of science is developing into the me- thodology of science and technology, the author suggests that the system structure of the methodology of science and technology should be a general program...

This paper makes a new suggestion on the system structure of the methodology in order to open up a new prospect for the education and research of Dialectics of Nature. First of all, the author reviews the five current kinds of the system structures of the methodology. And after analysing the basis on which the methodology of science is developing into the me- thodology of science and technology, the author suggests that the system structure of the methodology of science and technology should be a general program with three sub-programs. The general program is the general method of the system of science and technology, and the three sub-programs are respectively the general methods of basic science, technical science, and engineering technology.

为了开创自然辩证法学科教学与研究的新局面,本文对方法论的体系结构提出了一种新的设想。文章首先评述了目前通行的五种方法论的体系结构,并在分析科学方法论扩展为科学技术方法论的根据之后,指出科学技术方法论的体系结构应是“一总三分”:科学技术整体的一般方法为“总论”;三个“分论”分别是基础科学一般方法、技术科学一般方法和工程技术一般方法。

Fang Yizhi (1611—1671 A. C.)was a scientist and philosopher who had an exceptional scientific philosophical thinking in late Ming and early Qing Dynasties, He proved and established the viewpoint of that "Positive science includes philosophy" and "Philosophy guides positive science to overcome its own limits".

明末清初,在中国科学史上,是一个重要转折时期,西方科学开始传入中国,与中国的传统科学合流在一起,改变了中国传统科学发展的方向。方以智的科学哲学思想力图从科学方法论上来回答和解决这个问题。表现了中国传统科学在历史的洄流中向前跃进而又挣脱不了旧有巢臼那样一种状态。

Physical geography developes slowly in modern natural scienes.That is not because of its comprehensive features,bus because of the fact thatmaterialist dialectics have not been properly used in the research of physicalgeography.Neither we used materialist dialectics to research the naturalcomprehensive system,nor we established the base of the scientific mothodo-logy of physical geography.Because of that,we couldn't use proof inphilosopyto defense the independence of physical geography,or promote the developmentof...

Physical geography developes slowly in modern natural scienes.That is not because of its comprehensive features,bus because of the fact thatmaterialist dialectics have not been properly used in the research of physicalgeography.Neither we used materialist dialectics to research the naturalcomprehensive system,nor we established the base of the scientific mothodo-logy of physical geography.Because of that,we couldn't use proof inphilosopyto defense the independence of physical geography,or promote the developmentof physical geography,so the objective laws in the natural comprehensivesystem can't be exposed,the concrete measures in reforming naturce can't betaken and the scientific forcasts can't be put forward.

自然地理学在现代自然科学中发展比较迟缓的真正原因,并不在于它本身所具有的综合性特征,而在于过去没有很好地把唯物辩证法运用到研究自然地理学的领域中来,即没有很好地以唯物辩证法来认识自然综合体,没有完整地建立起自然地理学的科学方法论基础,以推动自然地理学的迅速发展。

 
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