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制度转向
相关语句
  institutional turn
     INSTITUTIONAL TURN,INSTITUTIONAL THICKNESS OF NEW ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
     新经济地理学中的制度转向与区域发展
短句来源
     The field of economic geography emphasizes cultural and institutional impact on regional development, and has experienced "institutional turn".
     经济地理学强调制度、文化对区域发展的影响,提出了经济地理学的“制度转向”。
短句来源
     This paper evaluates the concepts of "institutional turn" and "institutional thickness," and their relationships to regional development. We also discuss their implications for regional development in China.
     文章深入分析西方学者提出的制度转向、制度厚度概念及与区域发展关系的基础上,进行理论评析,并简要探讨对中国区域发展的启示。
短句来源
     At last,the paths of re-theorization and some reflections on issues of "institutional turn" are suggested,and an analytical viewpoint is provided in order to integrate the various levels of the theories of urban politics.
     最后则讨论重新将制度理论化的取径,反省制度转向后的理论议题,并试图提出可能的研究观点,藉以寻求媒合不同概念层次之都市政治理论的可能。
短句来源
  “制度转向”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The Chinese economy development is being in growth reforming period, which is the process of switching time, the enterprise has been transformed from the traditional enterprise system to the modern enterprise system.
     中国经济发展正处于增长转型、体制转轨时期,企业由传统企业制度转向现代企业制度。
短句来源
     After it was formed in the 1970's, it gained quick development, primarily because of the failure of the policy of educational equal-opportunity in the western countries after the Second World War .
     这主要是因为二战后西方国家教育机会均等政策的失败,人们从关心形式均等转向实质均等,从研究学校外部的各种制度转向学校内部的各种过程,师生互动自然成为学者们关注的重点。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     The system was imperfect;
     制度不健全;
短句来源
     second, institution building;
     制度建设 ;
短句来源
     Redirection and Juvenile Judicial System Reform in China
     转向处理制度与我国少年司法制度的改革
短句来源
     Therefore, the capital system in many countries became looser and more flexible.
     所以,各国资本制度逐渐转向宽松、灵活。
短句来源
     Vehicle Steering Control
     汽车转向控制
短句来源
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  institutional turn
The disappointing results of monocropping suggest taking the institutional turn in a direction that would increase, rather than diminish, local input and experimentation.
      
From unified local government to decentred local governance: The `institutional turn' in Glasgow
      


Since the foundation as a formal sub-discipline in geography, western economic geography has always concerned on the spatial nature of economic activities: regional synthesis, difference and differentiation. But how to describe, explain and regulate the space and place of economic activities has made a great transformation with the changes of the development of capitalism practices and the mainstream perspectives of western social sciences. Over the second half of the twentieth century, western economic geography...

Since the foundation as a formal sub-discipline in geography, western economic geography has always concerned on the spatial nature of economic activities: regional synthesis, difference and differentiation. But how to describe, explain and regulate the space and place of economic activities has made a great transformation with the changes of the development of capitalism practices and the mainstream perspectives of western social sciences. Over the second half of the twentieth century, western economic geography is characterized by many twists and turns of substantive focus and sudden changes of theoretical mood. Since the 1980s, there have been some enormous intellectual transformation and rapid growth in western economic geography as the results responsive to the great changes in external economic conditions, to the unfolding of political events, to the post-modernism philosophies, and to the play of professional ambitions and rivalries. Compared to the ‘quantitative and theoretical revolution' in 1950s and 1960s and the “Marxism turn” in the 1970s and early 1980s, this transformation has not only happened on the methodology and epistemology but also happened on the ontology, which has made the analytical perspectives and substantive focus of western economic geography much more diversified and complicated and has increasingly reshaped the nature of the sub-discipline and connected it to wider discourses within the social sciences. This paper analyses this transformation in four dimensions: institutional turn, cultural turn, relational turn and scalar turn. Through the institutional, cultural, relational and scalar turns, western economic geography has been making a great progress and becoming a new paradigm named as “new economic geographies” in which more attention has been paid to socio-cultural practices and institutional foundations of economic geographies and performances. Although this great transformation, especially the cultural turn, in certain senses, saved western economic geography from what might otherwise have been a musty oblivion, and made this sub-discipline revival and alive, and attracted highly attention from western other social sciences, however, western economic geography is also at a critical intellectual turning point. How to deal with the relationship between it and other social sciences especially “mainstream economics” and “heterodox economic knowledge” is very important to its further development.

198 0年代以来 ,在社会科学日益走向多元化和“后现代主义”的背景下 ,西方经济地理学开始了一个前所未有的急剧变动时期 ,无论是研究的主要论题 ,还是研究的内容、理论和方法以及表述的方式与风格 ,均经历并正在经历深刻的变革。与上一世纪 5 0— 6 0年代的“计量和理论革命”和 70— 80年代的“马克思主义转向”相比 ,这次变革不仅发生在方法论和认识论层面 ,而且许多也发生在本体论层面 ,它使西方经济地理学的视角走向了高度的多样化和复杂化。本文在分析这次变革的起点 :马克思主义转向及其批判的基础上 ,从制度转向、文化转向、关系转向、尺度转向 4个相互交织的方面 ,系统勾勒了西方经济地理学理论视角变动的主线 ,讨论了这些视角变动的方向、成因、意义和局限性。

Since the 1950s, Western economic geography has undergone major paradigmatic transformations, influenced in part by institutional and technical changes in global economic production. Mainstream economic geography has witnessed major epistemological shifts away from earlier "mere description" to logical positivism, and from meta-theorization aiming at scientific prediction to place- and region-centered analysis for hermeneutic understanding. A new economic geography has appeared characterized by institutionalism,...

Since the 1950s, Western economic geography has undergone major paradigmatic transformations, influenced in part by institutional and technical changes in global economic production. Mainstream economic geography has witnessed major epistemological shifts away from earlier "mere description" to logical positivism, and from meta-theorization aiming at scientific prediction to place- and region-centered analysis for hermeneutic understanding. A new economic geography has appeared characterized by institutionalism, "cultural turn" and pluralism. Geographers on both sides of the Taiwan Strait have not had significant interactions with mainstream economic geography. Not only should we be familiar with the theories of mainstream economic geography, we should also critique them and modify them using the findings of our fieldwork conducted on the Chinese mainland and in Taiwan. We should establish our own intellectual identity and internationalize our scholarship.

近半个世纪以来 ,西方主流经济地理学产生了巨大的变革。除了受到世界性生产制度及新科技发展之影响外 ,其学术思潮也从早期的叙述性及二战后的科学的预测性 ,经历了制度转向及文化转向 ,进入了 80年代以后的新经济地理学时期。西方主流经济地理学理论的开展 ,是以先进的资本主义社会为基础的 ,在发展中国家不是全然适用。我们不应将中国大陆及台湾仅仅视为测试西方理论的试验场。应以实况为基础 ,开发适合国情的理论 ,建立我们特有的学术身份 ,并用它来批判主流理论之不足 ,与主流对话 ,变成主流的一部分。这应是我们学术国际化的主要目标。

With economic restructuring and globalization, Western capitalism has entered a new stage of development, and social sciences have increasingly paid attentions to the notion of institutions. The field of economic geography emphasizes cultural and institutional impact on regional development, and has experienced "institutional turn". This paper evaluates the concepts of "institutional turn" and "institutional thickness," and their relationships to regional development. We also discuss their implications for regional...

With economic restructuring and globalization, Western capitalism has entered a new stage of development, and social sciences have increasingly paid attentions to the notion of institutions. The field of economic geography emphasizes cultural and institutional impact on regional development, and has experienced "institutional turn". This paper evaluates the concepts of "institutional turn" and "institutional thickness," and their relationships to regional development. We also discuss their implications for regional development in China.

近年来,伴随着资本主义社会经济转型和全球化,资本主义进入了制度重建的新阶段,社会科学日益重视“制度”因素的作用。经济地理学强调制度、文化对区域发展的影响,提出了经济地理学的“制度转向”。文章深入分析西方学者提出的制度转向、制度厚度概念及与区域发展关系的基础上,进行理论评析,并简要探讨对中国区域发展的启示。

 
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