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低脂血
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     low social status;
     社会地位;
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     Their specific properties are described in some detail: high surface activity and low critical micelle concentration;
     临界胶束浓度;
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     Hemoglobin, lipidemia and low concentration vitamin C less than 0.3 g/L did not significantly interfere with the detection.
     溶血、脂血浓度维生素 C(小于 0 .3g/ L)对测定无明显干扰。
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  hypolipemia
Calcium carbonate should be considered as a potential agent for usage in long term studies designed to produce hypolipemia, since it appears to be effective and without significant side effects.
      


Objective:To investigate the relationship of the serum lipids with disease activity and prognostic relevance through the determination of the serum lipids levels in children with acute leukemia Method:Serum total cholesterol (T Ch),free cholesterol (F Ch),cholesterolester (Che),triglyceride (TG),phospholipid (PL),apolipoprotein A 1 (apo A 1) and apolipoprotein B (apo B) were determined by using enzymatic methods Results:The levels of T Ch,Che,PL,apo A 1 in children with acute leukemia before treatment...

Objective:To investigate the relationship of the serum lipids with disease activity and prognostic relevance through the determination of the serum lipids levels in children with acute leukemia Method:Serum total cholesterol (T Ch),free cholesterol (F Ch),cholesterolester (Che),triglyceride (TG),phospholipid (PL),apolipoprotein A 1 (apo A 1) and apolipoprotein B (apo B) were determined by using enzymatic methods Results:The levels of T Ch,Che,PL,apo A 1 in children with acute leukemia before treatment were significantly lower than those in children of complete remission (CR) after chemotherapy and those in the normal controls But the levels of F Ch,TG,apo B among the three groups had not marked differences No significantly variation of the levels of the seven lipid parameters was found between the children of CR and the normal controls The levels of lipids of children with acute lymphocytic leukemia and those with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia had no differences The level of PL in group of blood WBC ≥20×10 9/L was lower than that in group of WBC <20×10 9/L A further decrease of apo A 1 was found in three patients who had bad prognosis Conclusion:Hypocholesterolemia is common finding in children with acute leukemia Serum lipids,especially PL and apo A 1 may be of value in assessing tumor cell burder,disease activity and prognosis

目的:检测儿童急性白血病血脂水平,探讨其与病情严重程度、疗效和预后的关系。方法:用酶学法测定空腹晨血血清总胆固醇(T-Ch)、游离胆固醇(F-Ch)、胆固醇脂(Che)、甘油三脂(TG)、磷脂(PL)、载脂蛋白A1(apoA1)和载脂蛋白B(apoB)。结果:化疗前组T-Ch、Che、PL、apoA1比对照组和完全缓解组明显降低,而F-Ch、TG、apoB变化无意义。完全缓解组七项指标与对照组相比无差异。急性淋巴细胞白血病与急性非淋巴细胞白血病血脂水平无差别。外周血白细胞≥20×109/L组,PL较<20×109/L组低。疗效差的病人T-Ch、PL虽有恢复但apoA1持续降低。结论:儿童急性白血病存在低脂血症,动态观察血脂水平特别是PL、apoA1对了解白血病细胞负荷、估计疗效有帮助。

Objective To research on lipidic metabolic relations between newborn infants and pregnant women.Methods Concentrations of serum cholesterol(CHOL),triglycerides(TG),apolipoprotein A\-1(ApoA 1),apolipoprotein B(ApoB)of pregnant women,umbilical cord,their newborn infants and control adults were measured and analysed simultaneously.Results Order of concentrations of serum CHOL,TG,ApoA 1,ApoB was that pregnant women>umbilical control adults>newborn infants>umbilical cord blood.Measured results of the newborns...

Objective To research on lipidic metabolic relations between newborn infants and pregnant women.Methods Concentrations of serum cholesterol(CHOL),triglycerides(TG),apolipoprotein A\-1(ApoA 1),apolipoprotein B(ApoB)of pregnant women,umbilical cord,their newborn infants and control adults were measured and analysed simultaneously.Results Order of concentrations of serum CHOL,TG,ApoA 1,ApoB was that pregnant women>umbilical control adults>newborn infants>umbilical cord blood.Measured results of the newborns were not affected by those of pregnant women.Concentrations of serum CHOL,TG,ApoB of the newborns varied increasingly with their days after birth,but concentration of serum ApoA 1 didn't.Conclusion Hyperlipidemia of pregnant women can't reduce hypolipemia of their newborns.It's necessary for the newborns to be provided with lipidic food at once after birth,and breast milk is the best way of providing lipidic food for the newborn infants.

目的 探讨新生儿与妊娠母亲脂代谢的关系。方法 同时测定 118组配对母亲、脐血、新生儿和 42例成人对照组血清胆固醇 (CHOL)、甘油三酯 (TG)、载脂蛋白A1(ApoA1)、载脂蛋白B(ApoB)含量。结果 血清CHOL、TG、ApoA1、ApoB含量高低依次为母亲 >对照组 >新生儿 >脐血。母亲血脂含量不影响新生儿的检测结果。新生儿血清CHOL、TG、ApoB含量随日龄增大而变化 ,ApoA1含量与日龄变化无关。结论 妊娠母亲的高脂血症不能减少新生儿出生时存在的低脂血症。生后及时给新生儿补充脂类物质是必要的 ,母乳喂养为最佳补充方式

 
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